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no fund incorporated since 1758, can payment is the only true eeeonomy. lessen the finking fund, when tie has It a nation gets the character of being actually had a demonstration in his bad pay matters, it mult he with them hands, from the papers presentel to as every day's experience stiews to be the house,that the whole amount of the « the cafe in private life, the tradesman new duties appropriated in 1761, fall will make his bill accordingly ; and sliottofthe charges of that year by he will extort 10 per cent, or 10 per above too,000/. Out of the four cent, upon every contract j while the funds incorporated, three have lessen- stinjey minister ia amusing himself ed the sinking fund, and the fourth with a silly tale of saving four. Why encreases it; this last circumstance, are these things to be palliated and the Re marker is very careful to take •> plaiftcred, and white washed? For notice of, and informs us that the God's fake let us speak of things at 1 fund of 1761, adds at least, »6,ooo/. they are. A debt isa debt, and if the per annum, to the finking fund 1 but minister would hut look it 111 the face at the fame time, fays not a word of like a man, it would be the way to thedeficiency of the other three, tothe make the lightest of the evM that can, amount ot 113,000/. he. You cannot lessen, but may inHaving convicted an error of crease the mischief by delay; and thm 197,000/. in the Rennrkrr's estimate ~ is precisely the present case; for the ot the sinking fund, 1 shall proceed to ^ money might have been taken up twa point out another of 133,o°o'.whicb he years ago to pay off this debt upon has made by allowing ■ 10,000/. only, better terms than at present by 10 per as the interest of 6000,000/. of out- cent; but all the procrastination in standing debt; whereas the author of the world won't make a debt anything the Budget has allowed 4/. ptr cent, but a debt, nor yet make 6,ooo,oool. Mpon the whole fun, amounting to to be less than A,ooo,ooot 5 nor 440,000/. which is 130,00a/. more rtian 6,ooo,oool. to be worth less than the Remaikrrs allowance. I think if D »40,oool. a year. I tan succeed in (hewing that the Re- See what miserable shifts people ar* marker has understated this article by driven to when they try to make less so much, and consequently, that this of a thing than it really is. Is it not farther lum ought to be deducted, I a mighty matter to boast of, th.it part shall then have fully prored, that his of the navy debt consists of seamtns estimate is erroneous, in as much as wages which bear no Interest, nor is it differs from the estimate in the to be paid till God knows when, perBudget. E haps never? No matter what distress Tne argument relating to this out- falls in the interim upon the poor feaftand.ng debt-of 6,000,000/. stands man, let him lell his pay to the broker thus. In the first place it is contend- or usurer for half price; or if he ha ed, that near 1,000 e-oo/. of this debt killed, let the widow and 01 ph.in recowill hardly ever be demanded, and ver it when they can. The publick, therefore is to be eonsideied as meie- however, saves 4 per cent, all this ly nominal. To this I rep'y, thnt the while! Now this is is a true specimen outstanding debt was stile- I last year of modern eeconomy ; to count the fey the minister himf'elrat 6,000,000/. F private seaman's distress as the puband therefore, was taken without lur- li;'s gain!

ther enquiry upon his credit, and is They boast of saving the first half

certainly so much ntnv. year's interest upon the navy hills,

In the ferou.l place it is argued, that t-mngh emsry bill that < omes our is is

ajreat part ol this debt conlittsof non- sued at 5 percent, discount. Now I

interest bill?, navy bills under six should be glad to know by what rule

nionrhs, and oilier articles not bear in fFinrate'i arithme'ic they collect

inp interest: hut 1 reply to all this ve- p this curious piece of reconorny, to pay

Ty (hortly, that it does not signify a five pounds down, foi the fake of lav

ftiaw to my argument whether any ing 40 millings. I think to 1 plain

part of it stands at pre'ent out at in- man it must appear, that paying 5I.

terettorno; for my assertion is this, percent, per half year, to five il. in

that whatever the outstanding debt be, trrest, is much the fame thing as gtr

it is to he estimated at leaft as a pres- ing at the rate of 10 per cent per ami.

suir upon the public, equivalent to " bu'h-money, to conceal a debt that

the annual interrst which would be might be provided for at four,

raid for money to clear it off; and I think I have now very fairly prov

,ru» this plain reaiou, that urompt el that the charge is nu'. at ail overrates)

a 'Defence »f the Budget- X05

Tared by setting down 140,000/. for went would not come to left than the interest of the outstanding debt, 3,500,000/. is things were ill provided nor indeed (hould I aggravate beyond for, though I think even that will be the truth, weie I to affirm, that that difficult; hut I go to the real state of part of the outstanding debt, which things, and not to that lamentable fysapparently carries no interests at all, A tern which looks no farther than the does yet behind the curtain in effect drawing up an advertisement for the press upon the public, at the rate of Gaz/f/V/r, or dispersing hand bills of loptreent. the surprising feats perfotraed, as it 1 have now reconciled the Remark- were by sleight of hand, by thisingeer's estimate ot the linking fund with nious and wonderful administration, that in the Budget, and I think there I think I have now fully proved can be no fairer method of proceed- g these two poinf, That the Remarking in the woild. I have taken his er has over rated the produce of the own figures, I have pointed out the finking fund by 330,000/. and that he errors, convicted, and corrected them, has underrated the peace-establish and the iftueofthe whole matter is this, ment by 600,00c/. The result of all That the Remarker's estimate when which is, that the surplus of the sinkCorrected is i,s73,ooo ing fund for the paymenr of tbe out

The estimate in the Budget 1,171,000 standing debt of 10,000,000/. is only. —So much for the sinking fund. _ Q 34.6,000/. a year j and if the landed The next article to be examined, is man is to have no respite, nor the the amount of the peace establish- stock holder any steady property till ment. Tbe Remaiker has stated this that be effected, they have a gloomy at 1,900,000/. and fays that any one prospect before them indeed! may be convinced of this, who will The writer of this tract, which, in but eximine the supplies of 1764. In little morethan three dayt,passed thro* the Budget the awwtd peace efta- p three editions, has with infinite lablifhment is called 3,500.000/. Let bour and accuracy, detected and us go to the actual state of the esta- corrected the many errors in the Rehliihmeiit, and fee what is really the marks on the Budget; and in lii» truth. way has (hewn that the so much boast. The articles of the peace-establish,- ed of smuggling cutters, is, in fact* ment, dead weight added to the national exNavy * ■ 1,643,000 pence of 150/. without any consider

Army + —— 1,417.000 E able increase tothe icvenue.

Militia 80,000 One would think, says he, that miOrdnance — azS.ooo nilters consider it as a very politic

Sundry services —— 80.000 measure, and one that will serve •

— a double turn, to keep a debt of

Total — 3,4,58,000 10000,000/. hovering over our heads, besides incidental expences. to remind us, that the glories of war I did not expect to h.<ve so plain a are not without allay, and to became point called in question as the a- p hereafter a stumbling block, in the mount of the peace establithment, es way of any future administration, uppecially under tbe eye os that very mi- on whom the odious t ilk may fall, of niller who first proclaimed the large- laying taxes to discharge it; and it ii ness of it; or else, I could easily have to this under-plot, between ministers) specified the articles in the Budget; that are, and ministers that may be, but before I leave this head, I mult that the land holder and the flockonce more repeat, that I have set the bolder are to be made the victims, annual encrease of the navy debt, O To amuse their country with idle 100,000/. below the minister's own stories of improving the revenue estimate; and have a only charged twenty thousand heie, and twenty the building and rtpairs of the navy thousand there, even if all their preaccording to his deficient provision fences were true, is not to the point for thi» article, whkh he has left in thatpinihes; security is what we call arrear 56,000/. for the last year, and for; the ministry professedly delay 108,000/. for the present year. I have giving security to the whole, even in never yet said that the peace establish- H contempt of danger; the property _________^___^_______ and trade os millions, Is to ftastJ -

• 16,000 seunen. ordinary, hospitals, re- fall according as the wind bloT"

•»irt, tnnual increase of na»y dtbe. the packet brings advice, ■

f QatTdx, girrisonij Cbtlju, half pay, &c. foreign court is though*

frown epon our minister; then comes of false mmts, and at (he fame time an article in the Gazetteer, about will be such an intolerable grievance smuggling cmters, and the duty upon- on the clergy, because the 'most innor«, as il such idle tales would com- cent and circumspect minister cannot pose the alarms of land, trade, and possibly avoid it, that it requires some for.ds, whose all is at slake. A remedy to be provided against, it,

while there is yet a time to do it. Let

Use grievances in tbi Clergy, ivbich 'will us trace this imposition minutely.

strife front One alteration in tie Mar- Suppo'ie Mary Smith is a minor, and

riage Ait, as already agreed to in a apparent heiress to a large fortune,

certain Augufl Assembly. _ # and that John Bland, her father's foot

THE alteration in question is at man, has privately obtained her confollows :—By the act, as it stands sent to marry him, in case it can be »t present, Every marriage celebrated B legally performed. In order to this tmthout either licence obtained or banns John hires a lodging tor himself in St fnbUJled, 'I null and void to all intents Giles's paiisli, white Man Smith lives mnd purposes: and the mini/er performing with her patents in St "fames'*: John snch irregular marriage it deemed guilty • carries to the ministers of both parishes/ffej»r. But it has been lately a- «s written notice to publfh banns of greed to alter this clause, from a mo- marriage hetween John Bland ot St tive charitable enough, namely, that Q Gi/es't and Mary Cecil of St James, it it hard the issue of such irregular mentioning that the said Mary Cecil marriages, should be bastardized. It lodges with Mrs £. in Piccadilly. The i* therefore now agreed, that Every minister of St James's, in older to be Jkch irregular marriage shall be good and secure that the said Mary Ctcit is an valid to all intents and purpose!; but that inhabitant of his parish, goes person* the minister performing such marriage, ally to her lodging, and on enquiry /bell be deemed guilt)/ of felony. In de- finds that such a person lodges there, fence of this alteration it has been O ye[,„ having before hand provided a urged, that there is no necessity to maid servant of his acquaintance to bastardise the issue) it is sufficient to assume that name there. When the ponifh the officiating minister. All banns have been published three sevetbi».like many other projects, appeals ral Sundays, John demands from the at first fight very specious and plausi- minister of St Jamrs't a certificate of We; yet if we examine closely the the same, which cannot be refused, consequent e«, we (hall find that it p there having been r>n objection made willprove a most intolerable grievance 'thereto. With this ceniricate on a on the clergy, and at the uiiwe-time day appointed privately, he repairs to entirely disappoint the whpte intention St Giles's, where Mary Smith, his mas-, of the act, which is, h prevent clanJtf- ter's daughter, meets him; he pret-ut marriages. The only difference fents the certificate and Mary Smith willbethh, that whereas before the to the minuter of St Giles's, as beinglate act, clandestine marriages were his.intended bride, and the identical celebrated by licence, so now they F Mary Cecil mentioned in the banns. will |vjst as easily be celebrated by The minister knowing none of the banm. . parties personally, asks the woman

That clause in the act, as it stands her name? (he answers. Mary Cecil. at present. That an irregular marriage He alks again, whether she is the peris null and •void', has been hitherto a son mentioned in the banns' the anfasti ient che<.k upon the contracting fwers, Yes. In order to have every parties from impoling upon the mi- Q security, he desires her to write her sister with false names. But the cafe name; the accordingly writes on a will be quite altered as soon as an ir piece ot paper Mary Cecil. Every regular marriage shall be declared thing being now legally performed •smlid; for a perfect liberty will be according to act of parliament, the then given to ttie contracting parties minister can have no objection,and is to try every scheme which craft can even obliged by his office to marry invent to impose upon the minister. these two persons. In the marriage They will fay, if we do but get mar- service they ate called upon only by **ed, the marriage is valid, and what H their christian names, John and Mary, is it to us whether the minister suffers and to these alone they make answei; *>r itornnt? How inanv schemes and these are the tioe and rtal names

*y be invented it is rot e»ly to coo- of these two persons, who are thereby

■a . knf mi* i» f'.wi .ui.ina Iw rflfaai l*i lib' nrnnnpii.rfil fn b» lomand M'll*

Celebrated French Painters.Poisonous Muscks. 107

together, before two witnesses, whom some of the principal churches. He John brought ilong wiili nim. draws in a grand masterly manner,

Ai soon as the service is ended, the aad at the fame time with a great deal minister desii es them to sign the regis- of truth; a thing uncommon enough ter. When the woman's turn of with the generality cf the French fvnfi^ning comes, (he wntes I'.larf Smith. A ters, who delight more in lejuelencOn which the minister, surprized, re- ing the flowery images of their own remonstrates to her, that in the banus fancy, than in a juit imitation ot name is called by the name ot MiryCecil, ture. Mis academy figures aie eland fiie even juit now asserted that 10 tremely well drawn, and he has a very be her name. Her answer is, my real soft manner of colouring. name is Mary Smith, and by that only Nothing inferior to him in merit!

I have or will sign the register. The but in many respects superior, ia minister says, It is then au irregular sj Monsieur Greufi. As I suppose y«u marriage; for no ban ns of marriage have seen prints after his works, to have been actually published between them I (.(hall refer you for the nature John Bland and Mary Smith; and I will of his works and composition. AU not sign the regiHer myself, nor mall his brethren admit that his colouring the witnesses sign it either. To which is nothing inferior either to Rubtnt, ot John Bland, the husband, answers, I Vandyke, and his peculiar excellency don't care twopence whether you lies in the justness of form and natural sign the register or not; I have been expression. High prices are given tor legally married to this woman before p his pictures, and they deserve it. these two witnesses, and by the late There is also one Monsieur Le Tow,

act, the marriage is valid notwith- a portrait painter ot great merit; as Handing it is irregular; as to signing also Mons. Maffie, who was, in hist your register, that is merely an after- younger days, the most celebrated act of prudence, in order to perpetu- miniature painter in Europe: It was axe the testimony of a fact already he also who made the drawings after done, and done legally and compleat- Le Brm't paintings of the gallery at ly: signing the register is therefore D Versailles, which drawings are now t»— noway necessary to the validity of the poled to public view in one of the galmarriage; and as long as these two leries ot Luxembourg, and are deservedwirnelses live, I have sufficient jproof ly admired by all who see them. He of my marriage for any court of jus- is a very communicative gentleman, tice in the kingdom; and that I may and keeps a genteel equipage. He never be deprived of the benefit of does not paint now, being upwards of their testimony, since von will not E g0 years of age, but takes particular permit them to sign the register, I pleasure in giving advice to young will, to-morrow silea bill inchancety practitioners." in order to perpetuate their testimony

upon record. But, replies the mini- To dirc9Vtr Ptirm U Muscles,

fter, lam liable to be prosecuted for * y

felony on account of this marriage; TJUT a /billing into the vessel with since there has neither been licence X the muscles, and let it contiuue obtained, nor banns published, and F therein while they are over the fires, you have imposed upon me with false and when they are removed, take out names. True, fays John, but I have the /hilling, and if it continues of a got an hei re Is by it: as for you, they bright colour, there is no poison i but may transport, hang, or drown you, if it is tinged of a black or dark hue, for any thing that I care; se, your it is a demonstration that Copperas is humble servant, Doctor. the cause thereof, and of the mulcsea

G being bred on a Copperas-bed; ami Part of a Letter from Paris. therefore, such rnnscses are poisoned,

and unfit for use. «« XTOU ask me after the most ce- By this easy experiment, the dis

• Ji lebrated painters here r I mal effects of eating poisoned musele* {hall begin with Monsieur Vanloe, may be prevented; swelled head and {See Vol. xxxiv, p. <•>%.) whom you _ eyes, death's heads, miserable spectanave no doubt heard of. He is really " cles, and death itself. grreat ia the historical wav: I have N. B. The rotui of these muscles ire

frequent opportunities of leeiug his most poisonous, works both ia the academy, »nd in SxraSs titrato from tbe letter, tateh published witb a *• J*1*0" "»* the chair was not eousl to

J««w ro tbe ensuing E/effion of East-India tht st,t,on ?' governor; yet Mr Vanfii.art, a

XW/cri A- tit tear ensuing; when tbe »oune gMtlcmm ftom another settlement,

Jsri«« s/far Sullivan ar, dttermnedto sup- *V P»t over the heads of Mr W and the

p.t ,be Tnurest of that Gentleman, and of those «■*. "J thc 'ouncl1 « ''"i""7 »,tQ P"»'se«ee.

W*w» tub fe'Return they desired last Year. °[ '"^pendency which no governor ever had (See Vol. xxiiv. e. S87.J A though the gentlemen thoi,furiously dealt ■ r ii "with were confessedly equal in point of capa

THE great interest that it now making city for any government; that in the same for the direction of thc East India com- irregular manner Mr IKttsori wai made Company, is, perhaps, of more importance to the modore of the company a (hips of war at proprietors of stock than they themselves are Bombay over the heads of all tbe captains on apprized of, or than tbe contending parties on that fe. vice, on which manv ot the old offieither fide care to avow. If a bve-slander cers resigned their commissions;—that Mr may be permitted to osier his conjectures, the g Park from being a chapliin only, and in no ecfcnccof Certain Ute measures is meditating station in the company's service, was made en the one side, while the other fide is yet in governornor of fort St George, a mealure eeoubt whether thole measures are im- quallv ridiculous, with making a bishop genevcachable ur not; this in all probability the rail,ssimo <,t all his majesty's forces in Great transaction of next year will bring.to light, Britain, in contempt ot the regular and miliIt has been said by an anonymous writer on tary officers in thc army ;—that Mt Spent* this occasion, That so total and sudden a stuilw of Bombay was ordered to take thegovernattionof council must neiejsarily take place jhould ment ot Benjtml over the heads of the council tbe present attempts in favour of Mr Sullivan (J there till the general court reversed that order, succeed, a, must counter aft and destroy tbe mea- and did justice to Mr Sumner's right and mejani enter'd into and approved lass year by a fit;—That Mr Vanfittart un being made go* great majority, at tbe very timetbey are carrying veruor, was made indepeedant of the council into extcutieit. In answer to which Mr Ui- there ; — had a gram made him of at on good* man has thought it of consequence to him to imported, the fame on goods exported; and declare, Ibat wjpart of bil conduct, since these z} fur money employed in buying goods with) tmafuresvjere resolved on by a general ccurt, bit cash sent from Calcutta; perquisites amounts' ad any such tendency ■ notwithstanding which r\ tng to 40,000/. a year j a suspicious sum not it has been alledged, that be did oppose the likely to be given to one man alone that was aneafares necell'ary for carrying into execution to have no sharer in it:—that Mr Carnac was the resolution of the general court respecting ordered to be dismissed in the very heat of she dispatch of his lordship ; that he refused the war, though confessedly the best officer in Co sign the general letter for that purpose j the company's service, because he presumed and that he haa not signed one general letter to blame the resolution of dethroning J'stier, to Bengal dace Lord Clive't departure: And and letting Cifsim in hia stead)—that tnu refer tnc truth of this assertion, the writer ap- volution was the effect of an enormous sum, ■call to all the gentlemen in the present anJ the question is, who got it ?■—That the direction. The merits alledged in favour E redaction ef thc company's capital was made al Mr Sulhian are ability and honesty, more under thc fame direction at a time when it particularly necessary at this time to prevent isowned the company's revenus in land athe property ot the company from being mounted to 700,000/. a-year, independant of jt the me>cy of a set of fictitious and their trade; and when the troops in the comaoniinal proprietors; ambitious and co- pany'e service might have been maintained for vetous servants; and blundering partial diree- 400,000/. so (that 300,000/. would have afters j—to restore thc company to its ancient forded a dividend ot 10 per cent, instead of regainful commercial principles;— tocheckthe p ducingit tulix.

illegal and exorbitant power of tbe company's These are stated as queries to which no servants abroad:—and to prevent another answer has yet appeared, tenth of their whole capital from being granted away to the nest officer, who. enriched by Of tie I' I. A T E. plunder, -and supported by power,shall demand rpHE plate inserted in this mnnth con300,000/. payable in Eng/aml for a fr.vorone | ,,-„, m accuraie and correct map of claim extorted by violence in India ;—add to the roads from London to Bristol, being r 14 this, that to the ability ol this gentleman the Q mJ,M mea,-UIed f,0m the Royal Exchange • company owe their existence ; particular)* by ,,so „,„ |oioi ,„ Bilb< (btillg loy „,,,„. „„ am amendment of the pailiarncntary ariulce fi)st commencing at BecUngton (column lour) erf peace, without which the French power fr miles from L«i./a», and so on through 1 he would have remained superior to ours in that £}„■„.„ . lf,e other commencing at Ctspen. remoie country. tam (column 5) 94 miles from London— To The charges against Mr S—— are, that thjs mJp tnere ;, ,lso Mli , mf the r0)i though 11 had always been considered »s the from Br;j,^ ,„ Balb< , ,3 measured miles) also righ. of the Icrvams of the company In lnd,a y ,„„,„„ map ot ,nc toii ,rom g,^ ,h,ougU to rise by degrees from inferior to superior Chueestf to ITorcester, being upwards of 61 stations; thai is, from writeis to factors, from tmiei. shat lo senior me re h an s, from that to be of

the c Hindi, and from that to be governors ac. N.B. Tbtst fir cf Mapt tu'.ll he cittitu-d

e Ming 10 their seniority, except on extraor- a'ttenatelj, till tbe priitcffil Keadi tbro.' Eng

■vri octaCons, whjejc (he directots thought laad 4r< exhibited,

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