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These build as fast as knowledge can destroy;
290 Ev'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine, The scale to measure others wants by thine. See! and confess, one comfort still must rise; 'Tis this, Tho'Man's a fool, yet GOD 16 WISÉ,
NOT E s. has drawn a very charitable conclusion from this principle. “ Selon la Justice" says this equitable Divine) “ tout tra“ vail honnête doit être recompense de louange ou de satis46 faction Quand les bons esprits font un ouvrage excellent, “ ils fon justement recompensez par les suffrages du Public. « Quand un pauvre esprit travaille beaucoup, pour fair un “ mauvais ouvrage, il n'est pas juste oi raisonable, qui'l at“ tende des los anges publiques; car elles ne lui sont pas “d es. Mais afin que les travaux ne demeurent pas fans re" compense, Din, lui donne une satisfaction personnelle, que per“ fonne ne lui peut envier fans une injustice plus que barbare; * tout ainsi que Dieu, qui est juste, donne de la satisfaction
aux Grenouilles de leur chant, Autrement la blâme public, ( joint à leur mécontentement, ferait suffisant pour les ré* duire au desespoir."
E P I S T L E
Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
1. THE whole Universe one system of Society, Ver. 7,
&c. Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another, Ver. 27. The happiness of Animals mutual, Ver. 49.
II. Reason or Instinct operate alike to the good of each Individual, Ver. 79. Reason or Inftinet operate also to Society, in all animals, Ver. 109. JII. How far Society carried by Instinct, Ver. 115. How much farther by Reason, Ver. 128. IV. Of that which is called the State of Nature, Ver. 144. Reafon instructed by Inftin&t in the Invention of Arts, Ver. 166; and in the Forms of Society, Ver. 176. V. Origin of Political Societies, Ver. 196. Origin of Monarchy, Ver. 207. Patriarchal Government, Ver.
VI. Origin of true Religion and Government, from the same principle, of Love, Ver. 231, &c. Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the same principle, of Fear, Ver. 237, &c. The Influence of Selflove operaling to ibe social and public Good, Ver. 266. Restoration of true Religion and Government on their forft principle, Ver. 285. Mixt Government, Ver. 288. Various Forms of each, and the true end of all, Ver. 300, &c.
E P I S T L E III.
ERE then we reft: “ The Universal Cause “Acts toone end, but acts by various laws,"
VER. 1. in several Edit. in 4to.
Learn, Dulness, learn! “ The Universal Cause," &c.
COMMENTARY. We are now come to the third epistle of the Essay on Man. It having been hewn, in explaining the origin, use, and end of the Passions, in the second epiftle, that man hath social as well as selfish passions, that doctrine naturally introduceth the third, which treats of man as a social animal; and connects it with the second, which considered him as an INDIVIDUAL. And as the conclusion from the subject of the first epistle made the introduction to the second, fo here again, the con, clufion of the second
(Ev'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine,
“ The scale to measure others wants by thinc.)” maketh the introduction to the third,
" Here then we rest: The Universal Cause
“ Acts to one end, but acts by various laws." The reason of variety in those laws, which tend to one and the fame end, the good of the Whole generally, is, because the good of the individual is likewise to be provided for; both which together make up the good of the Whole universally, And this is the cause (as the Poet says elsewhere) that
" Each individual seeks a sev'ral goal.”
N. Vlakev inr'.et del.
See some fit Passion every Age supply:Hope travel through, nor quits no when we die
frayon Man. Ip...