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The thing is not only as bad as I have have taken no step without premedistated it, but worse.” She fixed her tation. Let me remind you also, that keen, black eye upon the Doctor, and is just as impossible for you to see deliberately proceeded : “You cor- my conduct in the same light that I respond with Eloise Vaughan. I, my. do, as it is for me to justify you in the self, have seen a letter from her to you, means which you have taken to make which not only contains abundant yourself aware of it. You can take my proof of what I have said, but which compliments to the Vaughan family carried into any court of law ought and say to them, one and all, or to so to be considered as good ground for a many of them as you represent, that at divorce.

the bar of my own conscience I stand Richard sprang to his feet with a or fall, and that when their dictum rush of hot words upon his lips—but conflicts with my own sense of right, looking at the keen inflexible woman it is not of the value of a rush to me. before him, he restrained them. He In regard to the scandal, if there is to took a turn up and down his office and be any, it is your own party who wiil then re-seated himself.

make it. You, Miss Zarie, have it in “So it seems,” he said with as calm your individual power to make two or a voice as he could command, “ that ihree people very unhappy if you you and Eisie have been engaged in chonse, and do them besides a very the laudable occupation of violating deep and damnable injustice. You can private letters. Miss Zarie, you know do it if it pleases you, but I fail to see me; after that do you expect me ever wherein you will reap your reward. to take that woman again to my bosom You will excuse me now, I am going as my wife ?

home to my wife. I want to see this “I do,” said Miss Zarie calmly, letter you speak of.“ Continence in marriage or out of it, I advise you to do so," said Miss is good. St Paul praises it, and I must Zarie, smiling grimly. say, that I truly think if the men in “ It will be a tough battle," she the ministry were what they ought to thought, as she walked homeward. be, his teaching in that respect would « But if they do withstand me, they be more frequently enforced. But shall rue it

Somebody 'll be made an there are times when it is out of place. example of.If a man and his wife get tired of When the Doctor reached home, each other, there is nothing like a he went straight to Elsie's room. That family of children to heal divisions lady turned very pale as he entered. and prevent scandal.”

Elsie,” he said, “I am told that Thoughts and emotions were whirl

you have in your possession a letter ing very rapidly in Doctor Glen- from Eloise Vaughan addressed to me. denning's brain, but the most urgent You will please to produce it." and irresistible one of all, paramount Elsie looked up at him, frightened, even to his disgust at Miss Zarie's yet obstinate. broad presentation of sensualism as a “I don't know how you dare to religious duty, was his desire to rescue come to me,” she said, “and ask for Eloise's letter from what he felt to be such a letter. Oh! Richard, what have the profanation to which it had been I done that you should treat me so. If subjected.

not for my own sake, at least for dear «Miss Zarie,” he said, “ you will little Dora's sake, you might preserve excuse me for saying, that you cannot some show of respect towards me.” possibly suggest anything to me in re. “ Elsie, I should be very glad if you iation to this matter which I have not wouid maintain your own self-respect thought about at least fifty times before. so far as to hold yourself above an act I understand the situation perfectly. I like this.”

You have no right to reproach forgiven or forgotten it,” said Elsie. me,” she said, “I have been a true and “ If it could only be arranged now, faithful wife to you. I have never de- Miss Zarie would keep it all as secret served that you should treat me as you as the grave.” have done ; and even now Richard, I “ Eisie, what arrangement do you am not hard-hearted, I would forgive want ? Would you accept as your you everything, if only-.”

husband, a man who does not love “ I am not here to be forgiven,” you; who never can love

you, because said Richard coldly. “I am here to he does, though in a most hopeless get my letter, and I want it at once." and unfortunate way, truly and entirely

Elsie was visibly distressed. She love another ? " saw that her husband had come out “ You used to say you loved me,” of a fierce conflict, and she knew that she sobbed, “and what will become if Miss Zarie could not prevail against of the poor baby?him by force, she certainly could not Elsie, I shall not forsake my hope to do so. Perhaps he might be child. It is true that she is born to melted by tenderness and tears. She an unhappy lot. It is a heritage to took her baby in her arms and knelt which no other child of mine shall before him. Holding up the child, ever be born; but in so far as it is she stretched out her little hands for possible for me to be true to her, I an embrace.

certainly shall be. Neither shall I Richard was touched.

abandon you. The happiness of a “ Elsie, child,” he said, “I know true married life it is out of my power it is hard for you, but the root of it to bestow upon you; and I think you all is a great ways in the past. I have need no assurance that if I am left to never reproached you for deceiving myself, I shall never voluntarily bring me, but you must remember that I trouble or disgrace upon those who was deceived, and let that circumstance bear my name. go as far as it may toward explaining He had the baby in his arms and what seems cruel and arbitrary in my was holding her close to his bosom. conduct. Moreover, you have chosen Elsie felt that he spoke truly and your friends in this matter ill-advisedly. earnestly, but his words were, after What possible good did you think it all, very unsatisfactory. could do you to set that virago upon

« Elsie,” he said, “ will you give me? I could have borne alnıost any

me my letter ?" other indignity with a better grace.' I cannot,” she replied, “ I left it “ Aunt Vaughan would never have with Zarie.”

C. F. Corbin.

THE COST OF LIVING.–THE TARIFF.

" EXCELSIOR” unquestionably deserves the “ Excelsior" considers that

my

« admissions profoundest thanks of his fellow Free traders cover the whole ground of controversy,” it is for the many and exhaustive arguments he difficult to perceive his object in reopening has produced in support of their Utopian the- said controversy, but am led to suppose, from ory, and if he has not succeeded in convincing what follows this sentence, that it was emthem that "Americus” is a numskull, in the ployed simply as a make-weight in the rather bargain, the fault is certainly not his own. light article it introduces, and has no particuBut opinions differ, and the last named indi- lar meaning per se. The entire force of the vidual must crave indulgence to take up arms article in question, to my mind, rests in a yet once again in defense of his “ darling the- series of flat denials of the points made by me upy" and the foregoing assumption. And in on another occasion with little, or for the the first place I would remark that since most part no attempt, to confute them with facts. If “Excelsior” considers the subject the long race they had run with their English under discussion merely a question of taste, competitors for the control of the market why not stop there, since de gustibus non est here of this article, had come to a sudden disputandum.

termination, and that they (the Americans) Still, there are one or two points which he had been vanquished. But, asks “ Excelsior,” does appear to confute, and we will look for how comes it the price was reduced when the a moment at these.

For instance, he says, tariff was reduced ? Simply in this wise, the " the only possible result of a prohibitory struggle was purely one of wealth and power Tariff of the Americus' but not American to sustain a losing trade for a short time, in stripe, is to destroy the natural rights of men order, if possible, to drive out competition and to buy and sell where they can do so to the thus eventually reap a rich harvest. The best advantage, and as such is wrong." Now price of four and a half cents per pound was no man has or ever had any right to buy or an abnormal one as the sequel showed it to sell without restriction in a community any be. And even if our manufacturers won the article, when his so doing would prove preju- race says “ Excelsior," would they not prove dicial to the interests of that community con- monopolists and make us consumers sweat for sidered as a whole. This principle is recog. it? and what if they did, is it not better that nized in all communities as sound law, and

our own countrymen should have the moput in practice too, and that frequently to the nopoly than for it to be held by foreigners ? detriment of the so called “rights" of indivi- and is not the capital in our own country duals. As an instance, take the “restrictions” worth more to us than it would be in Eng. on the sale of liquor in New York; if Excel. land? If we are to be ridden by monopolists, sior desires an audience in the defense of this at least let them be our countrymen, and let principle, the rum dealers would lend him the country at large derive what comfort it willing ears. And even if we were to con- may in an indirect way at our expense. But sider the rights of men, pray whose rights are as I have said before, there need be no mowe to consider first, those of Chinamen, nopoly whatever, nor would there be for any Englishmen, or our own? Why is it that length of time. every Englishmen, every German, almost Lest “ Excelsior” should think the above every foreigner that comes to this country, is explanation a little “far-fetched.” I will give forever dinning in our ears this beautiful theory here an extract from a letter written by a of universal freedom of trade? The Importers' Targe importing house in New York to their interests are not the people's interests, the in- London branch a short time since, which came terests of aliens are not our own interests.

under my personal observation. It may also “ Excelsior” has failed to show the faintest show him that not only I, but all Americans shadow of a reason why competition here at have good reason to dread “ British Gold,” of home on our own soil, will not have the same which he makes so light. It will be borne tendency to cheapen prices and thus benefit in mind that the writers of this letter were the consumer, as the unequal competition we themselves foreigners, and firm sticklers for should be obliged to maintain with foreigners the doctrine of "Free Trade." were there no tariff to protect us, and he, The letter is in regard to some samples moreover, ignores the fact that were the of English white lead that had been sent to the tariff withdrawn and our manufacturers com- concern in question in order that they might pelled to suspend operations, as they inevi. “ sound" the market here and report tably would be, all competition would be at “Some large lots of white lead have been once at an end and we should be entirely at imported during the past year, but only the the mercy of foreign manufacturers.

first shipment paid, as immediately afterwards Fancying he has now discovered a flaw the New York white lead people combined to which will undermine my whole fabric, reduce the price to such figure that importa. “ Excelsior” has taken the illustration which tion became unprofitable. The white lead I made use of from John L. Hayes' pamphlet, people here are rich and can stand losses, but concerning the effect of various rates of duty the question in such a race is only who has on the article soda-ash, and by a series of the largest purse, and if the English manu. arithmetical calculations he has proved to his facturers mean to get this market for white own satisfaction that since a reduction in the lead again, they may be able to do so by tariff on this article from ten per cent, to sending quantities here and selling the same four per cent. was followed by a reduction in for a year or so at a loss, when the American the price from six to four and a half cents per

makers may come to an understanding with pound, ergo, the abolition of the tariff on said them.” article ought to have reduced the price still

Such then is the fashion in which our irade further. Perhaps it ought, but it seems it did is to be regenerated and made " free.” From not, for immediately soda-ash was placed on

all such “ freedom” of trade deliver us, kind the free list, our manufacturers perceived that

Heaven !

AMERICUS.

THE FRIEND.

VOL. 111.-JULY, 1868.- NO. 31.

BEETHOVEN'S NINTH SYMPHONY AND ITS ADMIRERS.

A Musical Letter, by a Man of Limited Capacity.
BY DAVID FRIEDRICH STRAUSS, AUTHOR OF A “LIFE OF JESUS.”

Translated from the German for The FRIEND, by J. H. SENTER.)

OU shake your head at the strange title ; you consider it unnecessarily

modest, you say, and you think it affected. We understand ourselves ; but you it seems, do not yet know me, for now you are really doing nie wrong.

Since a certain occasion, I have been given to understand, so often and so plainly, how narrow I am in musical matters, that for a long time I have believed it myself. The occasion ? Well! It was at a musical Soiree. Conversation about Beethoven's ninth symphony, which had been brought out a few days before. Admiration, rapture, from all sides, ages, sexes, in all forms and tones. My silence must have struck my neighbor, a famous virtuoso, unpleasantly. You, too, admire our greatest master's last and first ?” he asked me, quite pointedly. “So they call it,” I replied, during a perceptible stillness that the question of the virtuoso had occasioned. “So they call it,” I said, and noching more ; but since that “ So they say,” my musical narrowness has been agreed upon by all the musical people of our circle. Truly, it is a terribly simple answer to such a question to say, "So they say," then keep quiet. Many times since then, like a good Swabian, I was about to say, I have gone over in my secret thoughts what I ought to have expressed aloud to the company; that is, a thorough discourse upon the subject. Would you like to have it?

When some years ago,—so I am accustomed to begin my sermon,--Frank Liszt brought out the Ninth Symphony, in the Beethoven Festival, at Bonn, it was still soinething of a curiosity in Germany. Up to that time it had been performed but a few times on account of its difficulty, and it had found few admirers on account of its strangeness. Listeners wearied in the gloomy labyrinths of the first movement, found themselves surprised by the demoniac leaps of the second, and scarcely had they begun to thaw out in the soul-full lament of the adagio, when they were sprinkled by the base recitative in the fourth movement as if with water; a horror from which not even the Song of Joy could help them recover ; but they had to take it with them to their homes and beds. Horrible! And they had counted on such a surpassing enjoyment.

Since then, indeed, the state of affairs has become quite different. Our orchestra leaders have learned to surmount, or get around, the difficulties of the gigantic work; our public has become accustomed to its oddities. The ninth symphony is liked - has to a certain extent become popular. At least it is sure to fill the concert halls every time. At the entrance of the human voice after three and a half parts of instrumental music, where, ten years ago, one's hair stood on end, now hearts open. The deep symbolism which is said to be hidden in this opening—that only in men and with men can the solution of all troubles ripen-Feuerbach's homo homini Deus, the key to the riddle of the ninth symphony, has become since then a common-place which the youth whispers in his mistress's ear. And while among the Illuminated, there has been for a long time no doubt that Beethoven in this work surpassed himself, and opened to music a path till then unsus pected, the great public also persuades itself into a particular fondness for it, because no one likes to be excluded from the number of the Illuminated.

And now, after this revolution in the musical taste of Germany, and even of the world, what will you say if I must confess myself to be one of those who have learned nothing and forgotten nothing? Not forgotten that fatal sprinkling, and not learned to make use of the key which is thrust into your hand with the concert programme, to help you understand this very point. Will you still talk of excessive or affected modesty?

God pardon the teacher who made me learn, at school, half of Horace by heart! For to that cause I owe it, that in this matter, this verse keeps sounding in my ears: Humano capiti cervicem pictor equinam. And however low I may sink myself by saying so, I must say, that if the enormity of the ninth symphony can be justified by that formula, then in my opinion, the God with the dog's head, or the bull with a human head, can be justified as works of art. For have not they, too, their deep symbolism ? And are they any the less for that monsters? Here, then, I take my stand: by reference to a symbolical meaning a work of art, so far as I can see, is proved to be simply significant, possibly deeply significant, but by no means beautiful; and in a work of art, not even excepting the most excellent, beauty still remains the fundamental necessity.

I know well how greatly I prejudice myself in an age which, after succeeding so ill in leaping over historical boundaries on the field of politics,

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