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PREFACE, . . . . . . . . xiii
LIST OF TAI-PING WANGS OR CHIEFS,
LIST OF LEADING EVENTS, . . . . . xxviii
LIST OF ENGAGEMENTS BETWEEN THE TAI-PINGS
AND DISCIPLINED IMPERIALISTS, 1862-64,
THE ORIGIN OF THE REBELLION.
THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CHINESE STATE
Relations between the Past and Present of China-Antiquity of the Chinese
Nation and Government–The doctrine of Filial Piety-Advancement of
able men to official posts-Geographical isolation of China-The Chinese
language politically considered–The Doctrine of Harmony-A successful
ideal state-Symmetrical oneness of the Chinese state-Sages, Worthies,
and Worthless-Chinese political action founded on a Christian principle-
The harmony of relationships-Feeling against the employment of force
in government-Respect for age and learning--Education universal in
China --Position and titles of the Emperor--Mutual responsibility, . 3-21
PREPARATIONS FOR TAI-PINGDOM.
Eastern reverence for antiquity-The Asiatic Hebrew-The Indo-Aryan-
Chinese ideal of happy life-Chinese rebellions and revolutions—The
balance of power—Mongol and Manchu conquests—Secret societies—The
Opium war, and increasing disorganisation of China, . . . 22-34
THE TIEN WANG AND HIS HISTORY UP TO 1860.
Hung Sew-tsuen's origin-His position as a Hakka–His trances and super-
stitions—The terrible character of his career-His personal appearance-
The Tai-ping Wangs—Murder of the Eastern King-Hung's jealousy of
his chiess—The Rebel capital constantly besieged,
OUR COLLISION WITH THE REBELS.
REVIVAL OF THE REBELLION, AND ITS CONFLICT
State of the Rebellion in 1859-Despair of the Tai-pings—Change in their
prospects caused by the new difficulty between China and Great Britain-
Sankolinsin-The Taku disaster of 1859–Relief of Nanking—The Tai.
ping outbreak into Kiangsoo— The taking of Soochow—The advance on
Shanghai-British neutrality-The Peking expedition-Imperial applica-
tion for British assistance—The Allies determine to defend Shanghai-
“General” Frederick Ward—The capture of Sungkiang-Savage-Re-
pulse by Foreigners of the Tai-ping attack on Shanghai, . . 49-67
TAI-PING REVERSES IN THE YANGTSZE VALLEY, AND
A CHANGE OF POLICY AT PEKING.
The Tien Wang's indifference --Tai-ping plans in 1860—Four armies set in
motion-British agreement with the Rebels-Neutrality strictly enforced
-Arrest of Ward-Failure of the Rebel movements-Success of the Tai.
pings in Chekiang-Reasons for keeping them from Shanghai and Ningpo
-Death of the Emperor Hien-lung-Prince Kung's coup d'Itat, . 68-79
ALLIED OPERATIONS ROUND SHANGHAI IN 1862.
The Tai-pings worsted without our aid — Their second advance on Shanghai-
The country people apply for protection against them— The Allies resolve
to clear a thirty-mile radius—The taking of Kading, &c.-Death of Ad.
miral Protet—The Faithful King retrieves the Rebel cause-Forrester's
captivity—The end of the Heroic King—The Faithful King recalled to
Nanking—The Allies confine themselves to Shanghai and Sungkiang-
Reception of the news of Ward's death-His burial -Burgevine appointed
in his place Lí made Futai of Kiangsoo—Their quarrel-General Stave-
ley asked to appoint a British officer—Burgevine assaults Ta Kee-His
dismissal - Captain Holland appointed to command the Ever-Victorious
Army by General Sir Charles Staveley, . . . . . . 80-94
CAPTAIN DEW'S OPERATIONS IN CHEKIANG.
British neutrality at Ningpo-Hostile attitude of the Tai-pings—Admiral
Hope sends Captain Dew, R.N., to Ningpo-Reasons for our interference
there-Apak, the ex-pirate--Captain Dew takes Ningpo by assault-Death
of Lieutenants Kenney and Cornewall-Order restored in the city-For-
mation of French and English corps of disciplined Chinese-Description
of the surrounding country, and effects of Tai-ping occupation-Clearing a
thirty-mile radius-taking of Yuyow and Tseki-Death of General Ward
-Repulse at Fungwha-Commander Jones in a fix-A Bishop's spoil-
Half of Chekiang restored to Imperial rule-Pay of the Anglo-Chinese
contingent-Rebel defeat at Pikwan_Captain Dew goes beyond the thirty-
mile radius-Advance on Showshing-Death of Captain Le Brethon de
Coligny-Description of Showshing-Deaths of Captain Tardiff and Lieu.
tenant Tinling-Captain Dew undertakes the siege-Fall of Showshing-
Dashing nature of Captain Dew's exploits, . . . . . . 95-120
COLONEL GORDON'S CAMPAIGN.
THE ORGANISATION OF GORDON'S FORCE
Chinese partiality for beautiful phraseology-The title “ Ever-Victorious
Army"-Captain Holland's defeat at Taitsan, and Major Brennan's at
Fushan-Colonel Gordon appointed to command the E V. A.-His pre-
vious services-Its officers and privates-Rates of pay-Its artillery and
small-arms— The punishments inflicted-Chinese aptitude for drill -
Colonel Gordon's flotilla—The steamer Hyson and Captain Davidson-
The auxiliary Imperialist force-Aptitude of the Chinese for war-For the
work of sappers-Colonel Gordon's tactics—Expenditure of the Chinese
Government-Colonel Gordon's view of his position and the authority
under which he acted, . . . . . . . 123-141
GORDON'S FIRST VICTORIES.
Burgevine's visit to Peking—The British Minister wishes him restored to com.
mandColonel Gordon takes command of the E.V.A.-His Staff-Cap-
ture of Fushan—Gordon receives an Imperial commission, with the rank
of Tsung-ping-Governor Li's opinion of the new commander-Descrip
tion of the theatre of war-An amphibious boat-Tai-ping treachery at
Taitsan-Capture of Taitsan- Alleged Imperialist cruelties—Chinese
punishments - Letter from Colonel Gordon--A mutiny in the Force—Situa.
tion of Quinsan-A demon steamboat-Great destruction of Tai-pings
Capture of Quinsan-It is made headquarters of the Force Another
mutiny, . . . . . . . . . . . 142-165
BURGEVINE'S HISTORY AND FATE.
A third mutiny - Situation of Soochow-Gordon's troubles — Burgevine's
previous career-He joins the Tai-pings-Alarm caused in Shanghai-
Gordon's providential escape—The Foreign Allies desert the Rebels-Po
lite interchanges between Burgevine and Jones—Burgevine attempts again
to join the Tai-pings-His seizure by the Chinese authorities-His re-
ported accidental death—The doubt which rests over his fate, . 166-182
THE FALL OF SOOCHOW, AND THE EXECUTION OF ITS WANGS.
The investment of Soochow–Storming of Leeku-Gordon's “Magic Wand"
-Death of Captain Perry-Disposal of the besieging forces—The Faithful
King's apprehensions-Complete investment of Soochow-Pirating of the
steamer Firefly- A disastrous night-attack-Capture of the East Gate
stockades—Negotiations for surrender—Murder of the Mob Wang-A
characteristic letter from Colonel Gordon—The capitulation of Soochow
-Gordon's perilous position–His grief and indignation-His search for
Governor Li-Execution of the Wangs-Li's reasons for that act—Gordon
refuses to act, and rejects an Imperial douceur-Imperial decree regarding
the fall of Soochow, . . . . . . . . . 183.208
GORDON'S FURTHER OPERATIONS.
Imperialist successes--Inactivity of the Ever-Victorious Army—Gordon's rea-
sons for retaking the field_Mr Hart's report on the Soochow “Massacre"
--Sir Frederick Bruce approves of the resumption of operations--A letter
from him-Gordon retakes the field-State of the country occupied by
Rebels--Evacuation of Yesing and Liyang-Severe repulse at Kintang-
Colonel Gordon wounded—Tai-ping advance towards Quinsan—Gordon
suffers a disastrous repulse at Waisoo-Fate of his captured officers-Im.
perialist successes in Chekiang-Death of General Ching-Li's memorial
of him-Taking of Hangchow-Capture of Waisoo-Cruelty of the vil.
lagers—The Rebellion near its end-Death of Major Tapp-Repulse at
Chanchu--A Tai-ping letter--Storming of Chanchu-Death of the Ha
Wang--Close of the services of the E. V. A., . . . . 209-240
THE DISSOLUTION OF GORDON'S FORCE, AND
A REVIEW OF ITS RESULTS.
Expulsion of the Tai-pings from Kiangnan-Recall of H.M. order permitting
British officers to serve the Emperor-Gordon determines, on his own re-
sponsibility, to dissolve his force-Appreciation of his conduct by the
Chinese-Gratuities to wounded officers-Dissolution of the Ever-Victorious
Army-Distinctions conferred on Gordon-Imperial decree recognising his
services-anxiety of Sir Harry Parkes-Letter from Governor Lí, claiming
a chief share in the overthrow of the Tai-pings-Address to Colonel
Gordon from the merchants of Shanghai — The difficulties Gordon had to
encounter-Opinion of the ‘Times '-An estimate of the military results
of his campaign- The political effects of his action—The Imperial mari-
time customs and the Lay-Osborn fleet-Mr Lay's attempt to make him.
self an imperium in imperio --His failure, and dismissal from the Chinese
service--His use of Sir F. Bruce's private letters-Appointment of Mr
Hart-The general effects of Gordon's action discussed, . . 241-266
THE MEDICAL ARRANGEMENTS OF GORDON'S FORCE.
Rudimentary state of medical science in China—Assistant-Surgeon Moffitt's
services to Gordon's force--Capacity of the Chinese as soldiers-Malaria
- Organisation of the medical department-Hospital tables of disease
Effects and cure of opium-smoking-Dysentery—Table of wounds received
in action-Cases of wounds,