Desert Development: Man and Technology in Sparselands

כריכה קדמית
Yehuda Gradus
Springer Science & Business Media, 6 בדצמ׳ 2012 - 340 עמודים
The fact that approximately one-third of the world's land mass is arid desert may be congenial for the camel and the cactus, but not for people. Nevertheless, well over half a billion people, or 15% of the world's population live in arid desert areas. If the world's population were distributed evenly over the land surface, we would expect to find about 30% of the population inhabiting arid desert areas. Does the fact that 'only' 15% of the world's population live in an arid desert environment reflect the harshness of the environment? Or is it a testimony to the adaptability and ingenuity of mankind? Do we view the glass as half-full? Or half-empty? The contributors to Desert Development: Man and Technology in Sparselands adopt the position that the cup is half-full and, in fact, could be filled much more. Indeed, many arid desert zones do thrive with life, and given appropriate technological develop ment, such areas could support even greater popUlations. While the dire Malthusian prediction that rapid world population growth exceeds the carrying capacity of existent resource systems has gained popularity (typified by the 1972 Club of Rome book, Limits to Growth), there is a growing body of serious work which rejects such pessimistic 'depletion' models, in favor of models which are mildly optimistic.
 

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An Appraisal towards
3
MICHAELJ WATTSSocial Theory Environmental Degradation
33
YEHUDA GRADUS and ELIAHUSTERNFrom Preconceived to Responsive
40
BARUCH GIVONI and LISA ORLICKPlanning for Comfort in Hot
60
YAIRETZION Desert Architecture The Architecture of the Extremes
81
ELIAHU STERN The Provision of Public Transit Services in the Arid
105
MAYERHealth Services in Sparsely Settled Areas
118
AVINOAMMEIRDelivering Essential Public Services to Arid Zone
132
HAIMTSOAR and YEHUDA ZOHARDesert Dune Sand and Its Potential
184
CHARLES F HUTCHINSON Remote Sensing for Arid Zone Development
201
ILANSALOMON and ERAN RAZIN Potential Impacts of Tele
218
STUART GABRIEL MOSHE JUSTMAN and AMNON LEVYThe Development
234
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250
EITHAN HOCHMAN GIDEAN VITKON RICHARD E JUST and DAVID
256
SHAUL KRAKOVER Development of Tourism Resort Areas in Arid
271
JOEL SCHECHTER New Frontiers in Desert Research
287

SHABTAY DOVER and YITZHAKKHAYUTMAN High Technology
150
AMOS RICHMOND Desert Agriculture Past and Future
167
About the Authors
310
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