American Interests and Policies in the Middle East: 1900-1939

כריכה קדמית
U of Minnesota Press, 1963 - 447 עמודים
0 ביקורות
Scholars concerned with the diplomatic history of the United States have largely neglected the subject of American relations with the Middle East during the four decades before World War I. With this study, Professor DeNovo fills the gap by describing and assessing the United States' cultural, economic, and diplomatic relations with Turkey, Persia, and the Arab East in that period. He traces, chronologically and topically, the activities of such American interest groups as Protestant missionaries, educators, philanthropists, archaeologists, businessmen, and technical advisers, as well as the official actions of their government. The account falls roughly into three chronological periods. The first section traces the interest groups through the pre-World War I years of political and cultural stirring in the Ottoman Empire and Persia. Special attention is given to the Chester Project for railroad development in Turkey. The second part deals with the upheavals accompanying World War I and the tasks of peacemaking from the Mudros armistice through the Lausanne settlement of 1923. The latter chapters detail the rise of the Turkish national movement, the deepening Persian and Arab nationalism, and the accommodation of American cultural and economic groups to these conditions. The author points out that before World War II began, Americans had acquired a significant interest in Middle Eastern oil and had become emotionally involved in the Arab-Zionist tension. In 1939 the United States was on the verge of a new phase in its Middle Eastern relations when that region would become more intimately linked to America's national security.
 

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תוכן

1 The Heritage of the Nineteenth Century
3
2 The United States and the Middle East 19001914
27
The Chester Project 19081913
58
4 The Disruption of the Ottoman Empire 19141920
88
5 The Lausanne Conference and Its Aftermath
128
6 A Stake in Middle Eastern Oil 19191939
167
7 The Postwar Chester Project
210
8 The Turkish Republic before World War II
229
9 Iran between the Wars
275
10 The Arab East between the Wars
318
11 Conclusion
383
Bibliography
397
Index
411
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