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PREFACE.

depended upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.

In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose ; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.

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The maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.

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Map of the District. .

page 10 Head-Piece-Our Camp

• 11
Initial-Eastern Water-Seller
Jaffa, from the North .
Plough and Yoke . .
On the Coast . .
Ploughing in Palestine .
The Tower of Ramleh
Orange Gardens near Jaffa, with the Plain of

Sharon and the Mountains of Ephraim . .
Lydda .

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21 Amwâs, or Nicopolis .

. . . . 22 Women of the Hill Country of Judæa . . 24

Wady es-Sumt and Kulonia . . . . page 25
Southern Wall of the Temple Area Showing the

Spring of "Robinson's Arch” : : : 27
Tomb of Rachel . . . . . . . 29
Solomon's Pools . . . . . . . 31
Ruins of Tekoa, on the way down to Hebron : 32
Hebron, from the North-East . . . .
Hebron, and Mosque over the Cave of Machpelah. 35
Pool of Hebron. . . . . . .
Entrance to the Mosque . . . . .
Roof of the Mosque over Machpelah. . . 38
Arrangement of Tombs in Cave of Machpelah .
Abraham's Oak, near Hebron ·

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JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM. Head-Piece-In the Jordan Valley . . .

Site of Ancient Jericho . Initial-Er Riha, near Jericho . .

Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho . . . Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho . .

Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan . Arabs in Plain of Jericho ·

Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho . . . . Banks of the Jordan . . . .

73 Bethany . . . . . . . The Jordan, from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead

Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives Sea . . . . . . . . 74 L St. Stephen's Gate . . . . .

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JERUSALEM.
Head-Piece-Church of the Holy Sepulchre 89 Interior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Initial-Tomb of Absalom . .

Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre . .
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. . . Plan of Jerusalem .

The Place of Scourging . . . . . Ruins near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre .

Cave under the Church . Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives . . .

Via Dolorosa . . . . Walls of Jerusalem . . . . . .

The Mosque of Omar. Street of Modern Jerusalem .

The Golden Gate . Sketch Plan of Site of Jerusalem . . .

Projecting Stones of Robinson's Arc Entrance of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Wailing-Place of the Jews : : The Pool of Hezekiah . .

Jewish Almshouses . . . Plan of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre : 101 Pool of Bethesda

102 . 103

104 105 106 10g

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SOUTHERN PALESTINE,

OR JUDÆA.

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I Enlargwi by permission from Keild Johan's Mar.

SOUTHERN PALESTIX, OR JUD.TA.

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