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leads to good, VIII. xii ; should not cease or be intermitted, IX. xviii; substance of, I. vii; the indications of a real love of, XIX. v; the student's workshop, XIX. vii.

Lesson, of prudence, XIV. iv; to parents and ministers, XIV. viii; to rulers, VIII. x; to Tsze-lu, XIII. i.

Lessons and laws, Conf. actions were, XVII. xix.

Libation, pouring out of, in sacrifice, III. x.

Life, human, valued by Conf., X. xii; without uprightness, not true, VI. xvii. Likings and dislikings of others, in determining a man’s character, XIII. xxiv; XV. xxvii. Literary acquirements, useless without practical ability, XIII. v.

Litigation, how Tsze-lu could settle, XII. xii; it is better to prevent, XII. xiii.

Love of virtue rare, IV. vi ; IX. xvii.

Love to learn, of Confi, V. xxvii; of Hui, XI. vi ; rarity of, VI. ii.

Loving and hating aright, IV. iii.

Madman, the, of Ch‘u, XVIII. v.

Man, in relation to principles of duty, XV. xxvui.

Manhood, the vice to be guarded against in, XVI. vii.

Manner of Conf. when unoccupied, VII. iv.

Marriage-making, Conf. in, V. i.

Mat, rule of Conf. about his, X. ix.

Maturing of character, rules for, VII. vi.

Mean man, glosses his faults, XIX. viii.
Superior man.

Meanness, of Wei-shang, V. xxiii; not so bad as insubordination, VII. xxxv.

Mercenary officers, impossible to serve along with, XVII. xv.

Merit of Kung-shd Wan, XIV. xix; of Kwan Chung, XIV. xvii, xviii; virtue of concealing, VI. xiii.

Messenger, an admirable, XIV. xxvi.

Military afl'airs, Conf. refuses to talk of, XV. i.

Minding high things too much, XIX. xv.

Minister, the faithful, XV. xxxvii.

Ministers, great and ordinary, XI. xxiii; importance of good and able, XIV. xx ; must be sincere and upright, XIV. xxiii; should be strict and decided, XIV. viii.

Mission of Conf., Yen Yiian's confidence in, XI. xxu.

Model student, fond recollections of a, IX. xx.

Moral appliances to be preferred in government, II. iii.

Mourners, Conf. sympathy with, VII. ix; X. xvi.

Mourning, three years for parents, XVII. xxi ; government, how carried on in time of, XIV. xliii ; the trappings of, may be dispensed with, XIX. xiv.

Murder of the duke of Ch'i, XIV. xxii.

Music and ceremonies, vain without virtue, III. iii ; effect of, VIII. viii; efl'ect of, on Conf., VII. xiii ; influence of, in government, XVII. iv; of Shun and Wii compared, III. xxv ; on the playing of, III. xxiii; service rendered to, by Confi, IX. xiv; the sound of instru~ ments does not constitute, XVII. xi.

Musicians of Lu, the, dispersion of, XVIII. ix.

Music-master, praise of a, VIII. xv.

See

Name, danger of a bad, XIX. xx; without reality, VI. xxiii.

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Names, importance of being correct, XIII. iii.

Narrow-mindedness, Tsze-chang on, XIX. ii.

Natural duty and uprightness in collision, XIII. xviii ; ease in ceremonies to be prized, I. xii ; qualities which are favourable to virtue, XIII. xxvii.

Nature of a man, grief brings out the real, XIX. xvii.

Neighbourhood, what constitutes the excellence of 11, IV. i.

Nine subjects of thought to the superior man, XVI. x.

Notoriety, not true distinction, XII. xx.

Ode(s), the Chdu-mm and Shdo-mm, XVII. x; the Kwan Tsfi, III. xx; the Yung, III. ii; Po-kwei, X. v; of Chang, XV. x; the YiL IX. xiv; XVII. xviii.

Odes, the study of the Book of, XVI. xiii; XVII. ix, x; quotations from the, I. xv; III. viii; IX. xxvi; XII. x; the pure design of the, II.

Ofiice, declined by Tsze-ch‘ien, VI. vii; desire for, qualified by self-respect, IX. xii; Conf., why not in, II. xxi; when to be accepted, and when to be declined, VIII. xiii.

Officers, classes of men who may be styled, XIII. xx; mercenary, impossible to serve with, XVII. xv; personal correctness essential to, XIII. xiii; should first attend to their proper work, XIX. xiii.

Official notifications of Chang, why excellent, XIV. ix.

Old knowledge, to be combined with new acquisitions, II. xi.

Old man, encounter with an, XVIII. vii.

Opposing a father, disapproved of, VII. xiv.

Ordinances of Heaven necessary to be known. XX. iii.

Ordinary people could not understand Confi, XIX. xxiii; ordinary rules, Conf. not to be judged by, XVII. vii.

Originator, Conf. not an, VII. i.

Parents, grief for, brings out the real nature of a man, XIX. xvii; how a son may remonstrate with, IV.-xviii; should be strict and decided, XIV. viii; three years’ mourning for, XVII. xxi; their years to be remembered, IV. xxi.

People, what may and what may not be attained to with the, VIII. ix.

Perfect virtue, caution in speaking a characteristic of, XII. iii ; characteristics of, XIII. xix; estimation of, V. xviii; VI. xx; five things which constitute, XVII. vi; how to attain to, XII. i; not easily attained, XIV. vii ; wherein realized, XII. ii.

Perseverance proper to a student, VI. x.

Persistence in error, lament over, V. xxvi.

Personal attainment, a man’s chief concern, I. xvi; XIV. xxxii; conduct all in all to a ruler, XIII. xvi; correctness essential to an oflicer, XIII. xiii.

Perspicuity the chief virtue of language, XV. xl

Pcrvading unity, Conf. doctrine a, IV. xv; how Conf. aimed at, XV. ii.

Phoenix, the, IX. viii ; XVIII. v.

Piety. See Filial.

Pity of Conf. for misfortune, IX. ix.

Plans, what is necessary to concord in, XV. xxxix.

Poetry, benefits of the study of the Book of, VIII. viii; XVII. ix, x; and music, service rendered to by Conf., IX. xiv.

Posthumous titles, on what principle conferred, V. xiv.

Poverty, happiness in, VI. ix; harder to bear aright than riches, XIV. xi; no disgrace to a scholar, IV. ix.

Practical ability, importance of, XIII. v.

Practice, Conf. zeal to carry his principles into, XVII. v.

Praise of the house of Chin, VIII. xx ; of the music-master Chih, VIII. xv; of YAo, VIII. xix; of Yii, VIII. xxi.

Praising and blaming, Conf. correctness in, XV. xxiv.

Prayer, sin against Heaven precludes, III. xiii ; Conf. declines, for himself, VII. xxxiv.

Precaution, necessity of, XV. xi.

Preliminary study, necessity of, to governing, XI. xxiv.

Presumption, &c., of the chief of the Chi family, XVI. i; and pusillanimity conjoined, XVII. xn

Pretence, against, II. xvii; Conf. dislike of, IX. xi.

Pretentiousness of Conf. time, VII. xxv.

Prince and minister, relation of, III. xix; Conf. demeanour before a, X. ii; Conf. demeanour in relation to, X. xiii.

Princes, Conf. influence on, I. x; how to be served, III. xviii.

Principles, agreement in, necessary to concord in plans, XV. xxxix ; and ways of Yale, Shun, 8m, XX. i; of duty, an instrument in the hand of man, XV. xxviii.

Prompt decision good, V. xix.

Propriety and music, influence of, XVII. iv; combined with learning, VI. xxv; XII. xv; effect of, VIII. viii; love of, facilitates government, XIV. xliv ; necessary to a ruler, XV. xxxii; not in external appurtenances, XVII. xi; rules of, I. xii; III. xv; rules of, necessary to be known, XX. iii; value of the rules of, VIII.

Prosperity and ruin of a country, on what dependent, XIII. xv; XVI. ii.

Prowess conducting to ruin, XIV. vi.

Prudence, a lesson of, XIV. iv.

Pursuit of riches, against, VII. xi.

Pusillanimity and presumption, XVII. xii.

Qualifications of an officer, VIII. xiii. Qualities that are favourable to virtue, XIII. xxvii; that mark the scholar, XIII. xxviii.

Rash words cannot be recalled, III. xxi.

Readiness of Conf. to impart instruction, VII. vii; of speech, V. iv; XVII. xiv.

Reading and thought should be combined, II. xv; XV. xxx.

Rebuke to Zan Yfi, &c., XVI. i.

Receptivity of Hui, II. ix; XI. iii.

Reciprocity, the rule of life, XV. xxiii.

Recluse, Tsze-lu's encounter with a, XVIII. vii.

Recluses, Conf. and the two, XVIII. vi.

Recollection of Hui, Conf. fond, IX. xx.

Reflection, the necessity of, IX. xxx.

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Regretful memory of disciples' fidelity, XI. ii.

Relative duties, necessity of maintaining, XII. x1.

Remark of an ignorant man about Conf., IX. ii.

Remonstrance with parents, IV. xviii.

Repentance escaped by timely care, I. xiii.

Reproof to Tsze-lu, XI. xxiv.

Reproofs, frequent, warning against the use of, IV. xxvi.

Reputation not a man’s concern, XV. xviii.

Resentments, how to ward off, XV. xiv.

Residence, rule for selecting a, IV. i.

Respect, a youth should be regarded with, IX. xxii; of Conf. for men, XV. xxiv; of Conf. for rank, IX. ix.

Retired worthy's judgment on Conf., XIV.

Reverence for parents, II. vii.

Riches, pursuit of, uncertain of success, VII. xi.

Right way, importance of knowing the, IV.

Righteous and public spirit of Conf., XIV. xxii.

Righteousness the Chin-tsee’s concern, IV. xvi; is his rule of practice, IV. x.

Root of benevolence, filial and fraternal duty is the, 1. ii.

Royal ruler, a, could, in what time, transform the nation, XIII. xii.

Ruin and prosperity dependent on what, XIII. xv; XVI. ii.

Rule of life, reciprocity the, XV. xxiii.

Ruler, virtue in a, II. 1.

Rulers, a lesson to, VIII. x; personal conduct all in all to, XIII. xvi; should not be occupied with what is the proper business of the people, XIII. iv.

Ruling, best means of, II. iii.

Running stream, a, Conf. how afl'ected by, IX. xvi.

Sacrifice, Conf. sincerity in, III. xii ; the great, III. x, xi ; wrong subjects of, II. xxiv.

Sagehood, not in various ability, IX. vi.

Scholar, attributes of the true, XIX. i; his aim must be higher than comfort, XIV. iii.

Self-cultivation, 1. viii ; IX. xxiv ; a man's concern, IV. xiv ; a characteristic of the Chfln-tsze, XIV. xlv ; Conf. anxiety about, VII. iii; steps in, I. xv.

Self-examination, I. iv.

Selfish conduct causes murmuring, IV. xii.

Self-respect should qualify desire for ofice, IX. x11.

Self-willed, Conf. not, XIV. xxxiv.

Sequences, of wisdom, virtue, and bravery, IX. xxviii.

Servants, difiicult to treat, XVII. xxv.

Shame of caring only for salary, XIV. i.

Shao, a name of certain music, III. xxv.

Sheep, the monthly offering of a, III. xvii.

Shii-ching, quotation from, II. xxi ; XIV. xliii ; compilation from, XX. i.

Silent mourning, three years of, XIV. xliii.

Simplicity, instance of, VIII. v.

Sinoerity, cultivation of, I. iv; necessity of, II. xxii ; praise of, V. xxiv.

Slandering of Tsze-lu. XIV. xxxviii.

Slowness to speak, of the ancients, IV. xxii ; of the ChiZn-tsze, IV. xxiv.

Small advantages not to be desired in govemment, XIII. xvii.

Social intercourse, qualities of the superior man in, XIII. xxiii.

Solid excellence blended with ornament, VI. xvi. Conf. instruction of his own, XVI. xiii. Sources of Conf. knowledge, XIX. xxii. Specious words, danger of, XV. xxvi.

Son, a, opposing his father, against, VII. xiv ; 1 Thought and learning, to be combined, II. xv.

Speech, discretion in, XV. vii. "

Spirit of the times, against, III. xviii.

Spirits, Conf. evades a. question about serving, XI. xi ; of the land, altars, of, III. xxi.

Stages of attainment, VI. xviii; of progress, difl'erent persons stop at different, IX. xxix.

States of Ch‘i and Lu, VI. xxii.

Strange doctrines. II. xvi.

Strength, not a fit subject of praise, XIV. xxxv.

Student's proper work, XIX. xiii.

Stupidity of Ning Wu, V. x.

Subjects avoided by Confi, VII. x; of Conf. teaching, VII. xxiv. See Topics.

Submission of subjects, how secured, II. xix.

Substantial qualities and accomplishments, in the Chiin-tsze, XII. viii.

Sun and moon, Conf. like the, XIX. xxiv.

Superficial speculations, against, XV. xvi.

Superior and mean man, II. xii, xiii, xiv ; IV. xi, xvi; VI. xi; VII. xxxvi; XVI. viii; difl‘erent air and bearing of, XIII. xxvi; different in their relation to those employed by them, XIII. xxv; difl'erent manners of, XIII. xxiii; difi'erent tendencies of, XIV. xxiv; how to know, XV. xxxiii; opposite influence of, XII. xvi.

Superior man, above distress, XV. i; changing appearances of, to others, XIX. ix; cleaves t0 virtue, IV. v ; does not conceal, but changes, his errors, XIX. xxi; firmness of, based on right, XV. xxxvi; four characteristics of, V. xv; is righteous, courteous, humble, and sincere, XV. xvii ; more in deeds than in words, XIV. xxix; nine subjects of thought to, XVI. x; rule about his words and actions, IV. xxiv ; self-cultivation, characteristic of, XIV. xlv ; talents and virtues of, VIII. vi; thoughts of, in harmony with his position, XIV. xxviii ; truth the object of, XV. xxxi ; various characteristics of, XV. xx, xxii ; wishes to be had in remembrance, XV. xix.

Superiority of Hui, VI. ii, v.

Superstition of Tsang Wi’m, V. xvii.

Supreme authority ought to maintain its power, XVI. ii.

Susceptivity of learners, teachers to be guided by, VI. xix.

Swiftness to speak, incompatible with virtue, XVII. xiv.

Sympathy of Conf. with mourners, VII. ix; with sorrow, IX. ix.

Talents, men of, scarce, VIII. xx; worthless without virtue, VIII. xi.

Taxation, light, advantages of, XII. ix.

Teacher, qualification of a, II. xi.

Teaching, effect of, XV. xxxviii; Conf. earnestness in, IX. vii ; Conf. subjects of, VII. xxiv ; graduated method of, XIX. xii; necessary to prepare the people for war, XIII. xxix, xxx.

Temple, Conf. in the grand, III. xv ; X. xiv.

Thieves made by the example of rulers, XII. XVIII.

Think, those who will not, the case of, hopeless, XV. xv.

Thinking without reading, fruitless, XV. xxx.

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Three, errors of speech, in the presence of the great, XVI. vi; families of Li], III. ii; friendships advantageous,and three injurious, XVI. iv; sources of enjoyment, also of the same kind, XVI. v; things of which the superior man stands in awe, XVI. viii ; years’ mourning, XIV. xliii; XVII. xxi; worthies of the Yin dynasty, XVIII. i.

Thunder, Conf. how affected by, X. xvi.

Topics avoided by Conf., VII. xx; most common of Conf., VII. xvii; seldom spoken of by Conf., IX. i.

Traditions of the principles of Win and we, XIX. xxii.

Training of the young, I. Vi.

Transmitter, Conf. a, VII. i.

Trappings of mourning may be dispensed with, XIX. xiv.

Treatment of a powerful, but unworthy oflicer by Confi, XVII. i.

True men, paucity of, in Conf. time, VII. xxv.

Truthfulness, necessity of, II. xxii.

Two classes only whom practice cannot cha , XVII. iii ; recluses, Conf. and the, XVIII. vi.

Unbending virtue, V. x.

Unchangeableness of great principles, II. xxiii.

Unity of Conf. doctrine, IV. xv ; XV. ii.

Unmannerly old man, Conf. conduct to an, XIV. xlvi.

Unoccupied, Conf. manner when, VII. iv.

Unworthy man, Conf. responds to the advances of an, XVII. vii.

Uprightness and natural duty in collision, XIII. xviii; meanness inconsistent with, V. xxiii ; necessary to true life, VI. xvii.

Usurped rites, against, III. i, ii, vi.

Usurping tendencies of the Chi family, XIII. xrv.

Utensil, Tsze-kung a grand, V. iii; the accomplished scholar not a mere, II. xii.

Valour subordinate to righteousness, XVII. xxnl.

Various ability of Conf., IX. vi.

Vice, how to correct, XII. xxi.

Vices of a father no discredit to a good son, VI. iv ; which youth, manhood, and age have to guard against, XVI. vii.

Village, Conf. demeanour in his, X. i, x.

Vindication, Confl, of himself, VI. xxvi; of Conf. by Tsze-lu, XVIII. vii.

Virtue, alone adapts a man for his condition, IV. ii; and not strength a fit subject of praise, XIV. xxxv ; ceremonies and music vain without, III. iii; complete, I. i; contentment with what is vulgar injures, XVII. xiii; devotion of the Chain-tsze to, IV. v; exceeding, of T'ai-po, VIII. i ; few really know, XV. iii ; how to exalt, XII. x, xi ; in concealing one’s merit, VI. xiii ; influence of, II. i; knowledge not lasting without, XV. xxxii; leading to rule, XIV. vi; learning necessary to the completion of, XVII. viii; learning leading to, XIX. vi; love of, rare, IV. vi; IX. xvii; XV. xii; natural qualities which favour, XIII. xxvii; not far to seek, VII. xxix; the highest, not easily attained, and incompatible with meanness, XIV. vii; the practice of, aided by intercourse with the

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INDEX II.

OF PROPER NAMES IN THE CONFUCIAN ANALECTS.

@ Names in Italics will be found in their own places in this Index, with additional references.

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