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virtue. All the princes imitate it.’ Therefore, the superior man being sincere and reverential, the whole world is conducted to a state of happy tranquillity.

6. It is said in the Book of Poetry, ‘I regard with pleasure your brilliant virtue, making no great display of itself in sounds and appearances.’ The Master said, ‘Among the appliances to transform the people, sounds and appearances are but trivial influences. It is'said in another ode, “His virtue is light-as a hair.” Still, a hair will admit of comparison as to its size. “The doings of the supreme Heaven have neither sound nor smell.”-—That is perfect virtue.’

The above is the thirty-third chapter. Tsze-sze having carried his descriptions to the

extremest point in the preceding chapters, twms back in this, and examines the so'u/ree of his subject ,- and then again from the work of the learner, free from all

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$3} 4 \ selfishness, and watchful over himself when he is alone, he carries out his description, till by easy steps he brings it to the consummation of the whole kingdom tranquillized by simple and sincere reverentialness. He farther euloyizea its mysten'ousnesa, till he speaks of it at last as without sound or smell. He here takes up the sum of his whole Work, and speaks of it in a comlmtdions manner.

Most deep and earnest was he in thus going again over his ground, admonishing

and instructing men .'—shall the learner not do his utmost in the study of the Work 7

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Ability, various, of Conf., IX. vi.

Able officers, eight, of Chan, XVIII. xi.

Abroad, when a son may go, IV. xix.

Accomplishments come after duty, I. vi ; blended with solid excellence, VI. xvi.

Achievement of government, the great, XIII. ix.

Acknowledgment of Conf. in estimating himself, VII. xxxii.

Acting heedlessly, against, VII. xxvii.

Actions should always be right, XIV. iv; of Conf. were lessons and laws, XVII. xix.

Adaptation for government of Zan Yang, &c., VI. i; of Tsze-lu, &c., VI. vi.

Admiration, Yen Yiian’s, of Conf. doctrines, IX. x.

Admonition of Conf. to Tsze-lfi, XI. xiv.

Advanced years, improvement diflicult in, XVII. xxvi.

Adversity, men are known in times of, IX. xxvii.

Advice against useless expenditure, XI. xiii.

Age, the vice to be guarded against in, XVI. vii.

Aim, the chief, I. xvi.

Aims, of Tsze-hl, Tsang Hsi, &c., XI. xxv.

An all-pervading unity, the knowledge of, Conf. aim, XV. ii.

Anarchy of Conf. time, III. v.

Ancient rites, how Conf. cleaved t0, III. xvii.

Ancients, their slowness to speak, IV. xxii.

Antiquity, Conf. fondness for, VII. xix; decay of the monuments of, III. ix.

Anxiety of parents, II. vi ; of Conf. about the training of his disciples, V.

Appearances, fair, are suspicious, I. iii ; XVII. xvu.

Appellations for the wife of a prince, XVI. xiv.

Appreciation. what conduct will insure, XV. v.

Approaches of the unlikely, readily met by Conf., VII. xxviii.

Approbation, Conf., of Nan Yung, XI. v.

Aptitude of the Chin-tsze, II. xii.

Archery, contention in, III. vii ; a discipline of virtue, III. xvi.

Ardent and cautious disciples, Conf. obliged to be content with, XIII. xxi.

Ardour of Tsze-lfi, V. vi.

Art of governing, XII. xiv.

Assent without reformation, a hopeless case, IX. xxiii.

Attachment to Conf. of Yen Yiian, XI. xxiii.

Attainment, different stages of, VI. xviii.

Attainments of Hui, like those of Conf., VII. x.

Attributes of the true scholar, XIX. i.


Auspicious omens, Conf. gives up hope for want of, IX. viii. Avenge murder, how Conf. wished to, XIV. xxii.

Bad name, the danger of a, XIX. xx.

Barbarians, how to civilize, IX. xiii.

Becloudings of the mind, XVII. viii.

Bed, manner of Conf. in, X. xvi.

Benefits derived from studying the Odes, XVII. 1x.

Benevolence to be exercised with prudence, VI. xxiv ; and wisdom, XII. xxii.

Blind, consideration of Conf. for the, XV. xli.

Boldness, excessive, of Tsze-lfi, VII. x.

Burial, Conf. dissatisfaction with Hfli’s, XI. 1:.

Business, every man should mind his own, VIII. xiv; XIV. xxvii.

Calmness of Conf. in danger, VII. xxii.

Capacities of the superior and inferior man, XV. xxxiii.

Capacity of Ming Kung-ch'o, XIV. xii.

Careful, about what things Conf. was, VII. xii.

Carriage, Conf. at and in his, X. xvii; Conf. refuses to sell his, to assist a needless expenditure, XI. vii.

Caution, advantages of, IV. xxiii; repentance avoided by, I. xiii ; in speaking, XII. iii ; XV. vn.

Ceremonies and music, XI. i; end of. I. xii; impropriety in, III. x ; influence of, in government, IV. xiii; regulated according to their object, III. iv; secondary and ornamental, III. viii ; vain without virtue, III. iii.

Character(s), admirable, of Tsze-yfi, &c., XV. vi; differences in, owing to habit, XVII. ii; difi'erent, of two dukes, XIV. xvi; disliked by Conf. and Tszc-kung, XVII. xxiv; how Conf. dealt with different, XI. xxi; how to determine, II. x ; lofty, ofShun and Yii, VIII. xviii; of four disciples, XI. xvii; of Kungshfi Wan, XIV. xiv; of Tan-t'ai Mieh-ming, VI. xii; various elements of, in Conf., VII. xxxvii ; what may be learnt from, IV. xvii.

Characteristics, of perfect virtue, XIII. xix ; of ten disciples, XI. ii.

Claimed, what Conf., VII. xxxiii.

Classes of men, in relation to knowledge, four, XVI. ix; only two whom practice cannot change, XVII. iii.

Climbing the heavens, equalling Conf. like, XIX. xxv.

Common practices, some indifferent and others not, IX. iii.

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Communications to be proportioned to susceptibility, VI. xix.

Comparison of Shih and Shang, XI. xv.

Comparisons, against making, XIV. xxxi.

Compass and vigour of mind necessary to a scholar, VIII. vii.

Compassion, how a criminal judge should cherish, XIX. xix.

Complete man, of the, XIV. xiii ; virtue, I. xiv; VI. xvi.

Concealment not practised by Conf. with his disciples, VII. xxiii.

Concubines, difficult to treat, XVII. xxv.

Condemnation of Tsang Wu-chung, XIV. xv; 0f Conf. for seeking ofiice, XIV. xli.

Condition,0nlyvirtue adapts a man to his, IV. ii.

Conduct that will be everywhere appreciated, XV. v. ‘

Confidence, enjoying, necessary to serving and to ruling, XIX. x.

Connate, Con}. knowledge not, VII. xix.

Consideration of Conf. for the blind, XV. xli; a generous, of others, recommended, XVIII. x.

Consolation to Tsze-niu, when anxious about his brother, XII. v.

Constancy of mind, importance of, XIII. xxii.

Constant Mean, the, VI. xxvii.

Contemporaries of Conf. described, XVI. xi.

Contention, the superior man avoids, III. vii.

Contentment in poverty of Tszo-lu, IX. xxvi; of Conf. with his condition, IX. xi; of the officer Ching, XIII. viii.

Contrast of Hui and Ts‘ze, XI. xviii.

Conversation with Chung-kung, XII. ii; with Tsze-chang, XII. vi, vii ; XX. ii ; with Tsze-kung, XIV. xviii; with Tsze-lu, XIV. xiii, xvii ; with Tsze-nifi, XII. iii ; with Yen Yiian, XII. i.

Countenance, the, in filial piety. II. viii.

Courage, not doing right from want of, II. xxiv.

Criminal judge, should cherish compassion, XIX. xix.

Culpability of not reforming known faults, XV. xxix.

Danger, Conf. assured in time of, IX. v.

Dead, ofiices to the, I. ix.

Death, Conf. evades a question about, XI. xi; how Conf. felt Hui’s, XI. vii, ix; without regret, IV. viii.

Declined, what Conf., to reckon himself, VII. xxxiii.

Defects of former times become modern vices, XVII. xvi.

Defence of himself by Conf., XIV. xxxvi; of his own method of teaching, by Tsze-hsia, XIX. xii ; of Tsze-lfi, by Conf., XI. xiv.

Degeneracy of Conf. age, VI. xiv; instance of, XV. xxv.

Delusions, how to discover, XII. x, xxi.

Demeanour of Conf., X. i-v, xiii.

Departure of Conf. from Lu, XVIII. iv ; from Ch'i, XVIII. iii.

Depreciation, Conf. above the reach of, XIX. XXIV.

Description of himself as a learner, by Conf., VII. xviii.

Desire and ability required in disciples, VII. vm.

Development of knowledge, II. xi.

Differences of character, owing to habit, XVII. ii.

Dignity necessary in a ruler, XV. xxxii.

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Earnest student, Hui the, IX. xix.

Earnestness in teaching, of Conf., IX. vii. Egotism, instance of freedom from, VIII. v. Eight able officers of the ChAu dynasty, XVIII.


Emolumcnt, learning for, II. xviii; shameful to care only for, XIV. i.

End, the, crowns the work, IX. xxi.

Enjoyment, advantageous and injurious sources of, XVI. v.

Equalled, Conf. cannot be, XIX. xxv.

Error, how acknowledged by Conf., VII. xxx.

Essential, what is, in difl'enant services, III. xxvi.

Estimate, Conf. humble, of himself, VII. ii, iii ; IX. xv; XIV. xxx; of what he could do if employed, XIII. x.

Estimation of others, not a man's concern. XIV. xxxii.

Example better than force, II. xx; government efficient by, &c., XII. xvii, xviii, xix; the secret of rulers' success, XIII. i; value of, in those in high stations, VIII. ii.

Excess and defect equally wrong, XI. xv.

Expenditure, against useless, XI. xiii.

External, the, may be predicated from the internal, XIV. v.

Extravagant speech, hard to be made good, XIV. xxi.

Fair appearances are suspicious, 1. iii; XVIL xvii.

Fasting, rules observed by Conf. when, X.

Father‘s vices no discredit to a virtuous son, VI. iv.

Faults of men characteristic of their class, IV. vn.

Feelings need not always be spoken, XIV. iv.

Fidelity of his disciples, Conf. memory of, XI.


Filial piety, I. xi; IV. xix, xx, xxi; argument for, II. vi; cheerfulness in, II. viii; the foundation of virtuous practice, I. ii; of Min Tsze-ch'ien, XI. iv; of Mang Chwang. XIX. xviii; reverence in, II. vii; seen in care of the person, VIII. iii.

Firmness of superior man based on right, XV. XXXVI.

Five excellent things to be honoured. XX. ii; things which constitute perfect virtue, XVII. w.

Flattery of sacrificing to others’ ancestors, II. xx“.

Food, rules of Conf. about his, X. viii.

Foreknowledge, how far possible, II. xxiii. I

Forethought, necessity of, XV. xi.

Formalism, against, III. iv.

Former times, Conf. preference for, XI. i.

Forward youth, Conf. employment of a, XIV. xlvii.

Foundation of virtue, I. ii.

Four bad things to be put away, XX. ii ; classes of men in relation to knowledge, XVI. ix.

Frailties from which Conf. was free, IX. iv.

Fraternal submission, 1. ii.

Friends. rule for choosing, 1. viii; IX. xxiv; trait of Conf. in relation to, X. xv.

Friendship, how to maintain, V. xvi ; Tszechang’s virtue too high for, XIX. xvi.

Friendships, what, advantageous and injurious, XVI. iv.

Frivolous talkers, against, XV. xvi.

Funeral rites, Conf. dissatisfaction with Hui's, XI. x; to parents, I. ix.

Furnace, the, and the south-west corner of a house, III. xiii.

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God, address to, XX. i.

Golden rule, expressed with negatives, V. xi; XV. xxiii.

Good fellowship of Conf., VII. xxxi.

Good, learning leads to be, VIII. xii.

Good man, the, XI. xix; we must not judge a man to be, from his discourse, XI. xx.

Governing, the art of, XII. xiv; without personal efl'ort, XV. iv.

Government, good, seen from its effects, XIII. xvi ; good, how only obtained. XII. xi ; may be conducted eificiently, how, XX. ii ; moral in its end, XII. xvii; principles of, I. v; requisites of, XII. vii.

Gradual progress of Conf., II. iv; communication of his doctrine, V. xii.

Grief, Conf. vindicates his for Hui, XI. ix.

Guiding principle of Conf., XVIII. viii.

Happiness of Conf. among his disciples, XI. xii ; of Hui in poverty, VI. ix.

Haste, not to be desired in government, XIII. xvu.

Heaven, Conf. rested in the ordering of, XIV. xxxviii ; knew him, Conf. thought that, XIV. xxxvii ; no remedy for sin against, III. xiii.

Hesitating faith Tsze-chang on, XIX. ii.

High aim proper to a student, VI. x; things, too much minding of, XIX. xv.

Home, Conf. at, X. xvi; how Conf. could be not at, XVII. xx.

Hope, Conf. gives up, for want of auspicious omens, IX. viii.

Hopeless case of gluttony and idleness, XVII. xxii; of those who assent to advice without


reforming, IX. xxiii.; of those who will not think, XV. xv.

House and wall, the comparison of a, XIX. xxiii.

Humanity of Confi, VII. xxvi.

Humble claim of Conf. for himself, V. xxvii; estimate of himself, VII. ii, iii; IX. xv; XIV. xxx.

Hundred years, what good government could efl'ect in a, XIII. xi.

Idleness of Tsai Yii, V. ix; case of, hopeless, XVII. xxii.

Ignorant man's remark about Conf., IX. ii.

Impatience, danger of, XV. xxvi.

Imperial rites, usurpation of, III. i, ii, vi.

Improvement, self-, II. xviii; difl‘icult in advanced years, XVII. xxvi.

Inoompetency, our own, a fit cause of concern, XV. xviii.

Indifi'erence of the oflicer Ching to riches, XIII. vm.

Indignation of Conf. at the usurpation of royal rites, III. i, ii; at the support of usurpation and extortion by a disciple, XI. xvi; at the wrong overcoming the right, XVII. xviii.

Inferior pursuits inapplicable to great objects, XIX. iv.

Instruction, how a man may find, VII. xxi.

Instructions to a son about government, XVIII.

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Lament over moral error added to natural defect, VIII. xvi ; sickness of Po-niu, VI. viii ; persistence in error, V. xxvi; rarity of the love of virtue, IV. vi ; the rash reply of Tsai W0, III. xxi ; the waywardness of men, VI. xiv; of Conf., that men did not know him, XIV. xxxvii.

Language, the chief virtue of, XV. xl.

Learner, the, I. i, xiv; Conf. describes himself as a, VII. xviii.

Learning and propriety combined, VI. xxv; XII. xv; Conf. fondness for, V. xxvii ; different motives for, XIV. xxv; end of, II. xviii; how to be pursued, VI. xi; VIII. xvii; in order to virtue, XIX. vi; necessity of, to complete virtue, XVII. viii; quickly

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