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\ \ g I“ 5. The Master said, ‘If' you can feel at ease, do it. But a su

perior man, during the whole period of mourning, does not enjoy pleasant food which he may eat, n01“ derive pleasure from music which he may hear. He also does not feel at ease, if he is comfortably lodged. Therefore he does not do what you propose. But now you feel at ease and may do it.’

6. Tsai W0 then went out, and the Master said, ‘This shows Yii’s want of virtue. It is not till a child is three years old that it is allowed to leave the arms of its parents. And the three years’ mourning is universally observed throughout the empire. Did Yii

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CHAP. XXII. The Master said, ‘Hard is it to deal with him, who will stuff himself with food the whole day, without applying his mind to anything good! Are there not gamesters and chessplayers? To be one of these would still be better than doing nothing at all.’

GHAP. XXIII. Tsze-113 said, ‘ Does the superior man esteem valour?’ The Master said, ‘ The superior man holds righteousness to be of highest importance. A man in a superior situation, having valour without ri hteousness, will be guilty of insubordinatiou; one of the lower people, having valour without righteousness, will commit robbery.’ '

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I. Tsze-kung said, ‘Has the superior man his

hatreds also ’Q'
those who proclaim the evil of

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The Master said,

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‘He has his hatreds. He hates others. He hates the man who,

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being in a low station, slanders his superiors. He hates those who have valour merely, and are unobservant of propriety. He hates those who are forward and determined, and, at the same time, of contracted understanding.‘

2. The Master then inquired, ‘ Ts‘ze, have you also your hatreds ".l’ Tsze-kung replied, ‘I hate those who pry out matters, and ascribe the knowledge to their wisdom. I hate those who are only not modest, and think that they are valorous. I hate those who make known secrets, and think that they are straightforward.’

CHAP. XXV. The Master said, ‘ Of all people, girls and servants are the most difficult to behave to. If you are familiar with them, they lose their humility. If you maintain'a reserve towards them, they are discontented.’

CHAP. XXVI. The Master said, ‘ When a man at forty is the

object of dislike, he will always continue what he is.’

The modern commentators, however, more cor- ‘ the translation—We hardly expect such an

rectly understand L the Master v as utterance. though correct in itself, from Con

’ ’ ’ fucius.

nominatiVe to El, and supply another El 26. THE DIFFICL'LTY or IMPROVEIENT In ADE , vascnn YEARS. According to Chinese views, at

before w l, forty 11 man is at his best in every way. After

THE DIFFICULTY HOW TO TREAT CONCUBIRFS

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The force of [1%, ‘only,' is as indicated in broadly stated.

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CHAPTER I.

with him and died.

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1. The viscount of Wei withdrew from the court. The viscount of Chi became a slave to Chdu.

Pi-kan remonstrated

2. Confucius said, ‘The Yin dynasty possessed these three men

of virtue.’

CHAP. II.

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dismissed from his office. Some one said to him, ‘ Is it not yet time for you, Sir, to leave this 1’ He replied, ‘ Serving men in an upright way, where shall I go to, and not experience such a thrice-repeated

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Book, consisting of only eleven chapters, treats of various individuals famous in Chinese history, as eminent for the way in which they discharged their duties to their sovereign, or for their retirement from public service. It commemorates also some of the worthies of Confucius’s days, who lived in retirement rather than be in office in so degenerate times. The object of the whole is to illustrate and vindicate the course of Confucius himself.

1. Tm; vrscoun'rs or W'sr AND Cni, AND Pim :—'rmu~:r-: won-rams or rm: Yrs nvuas'rv. r. Wei-tsze and Chi-tsze are continually repeated by Chinese, as if they were proper names. But Wei and Chi were the names of two small States, presided over by chiefs of the Tsze, or fourth, degree of nobility, called viscounts, for want of a more exactterm. They both appearto have been within the limits of the present Shan-hsi, Wei

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If I choose to serve men in a. crooked way, what neces

sity is there for me to leave the country of my parents ?’ CHAP. III. The duke Ching 0f Ch'i, with reference to the manner in which he should treat Confucius, said, ‘I cannot treat him as

I would the chief of the Chi family.

I will treat him in a manner

between that accorded to the chief of the Chi, and that given to the

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He also said, ‘I am old; I cannot use Confucius took his departure.

CHAP. IV. The people of Ch'i sent to Li) a present of female musicians, which Chi Hwan received, and for three days no court was held. Confucius took his departure.

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fucius, singing and saying, ‘0 FANGl O FANG! How is your

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