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officers, pardon small faults, and

raise to office men of virtue and talents.’ 2. Chung-hung said, ‘How shall I know the men of virtue and talent, so that I may raise them to oflice?’ He was answered, ‘Raise

to office those whom you know. know, will others neglect them ?’ CHAP. III.

As to those whom you do not

I. Tsze-lfl said, ‘The ruler of Wei has been waiting for you, in order with you to administer the government.

What

will you consider the first thing to be done ?’ 2. The Master replied, ‘ What is necessary is to rectify names.’ 3. ‘ So, indeed !’ said Tsze-lfi. ‘ You are wide of the mark 1 Why

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4. The Master said, ‘How uncultivated you are, Yu! A superior man, in regard to what he does not know, shows a cautious reserve. 5. ‘ If names be not correct, language 1s not in accordance with

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would be neglected. Compare what is said on ‘knowing men,’ in XII. xxii.

3. Tm: surname IMPORTANCE or sum same coanncr. r. This conversation is assigned by Chu Hsi to the nth year of the duke Ai of Lu, when Confucius was 69, and he returned from his wanderings to his native State. Tszem had then been some time in the service of the duke Ch'u of Wei, who, it would appear, had been wishing to get the services of the sage himself, and the disciple did not think that his Master would refuse to accept ofiice, as he had

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the truth of things. If language be not in accordance with the truth of things, affairs cannot be carried on to success.

6. ‘ When afi'airs cannot be carried on to success, proprieties and music will not flourish. When roprieties and music do not flourish, punishments will not be properly awarded. When punishments are not properly awarded, the people do not know how to move hand or foot.

7. ‘ Therefore a superior man considers it necessary that the names he uses may be spoken appropriately, and also that what he speaks may be carried out appropriately. _ What the superior man requires, is just that in his words there may be nothing incorrect.’

CHAP. IV. I. Fan Ch'ih requested to be taught husbandry. The Master said,‘ I am not so good for that as an old husbandman.’ He

On this view, the reply would indeed be ‘ wide , better the climax that follows, though its sucof the mark.’ The answer is substantially the cessive steps are still not without difficulty.

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requested also to be taught gardening, and was answered, ‘I am not so good for that as an old gardener.’

2. Fan Ch'ih having gone out, the Master said, ‘A small man, indeed, is Fan Hsi'i!

3. ‘ If a superior love propriety, the people will not dare not to be reverent. If he love righteousness, the people will not dare not to submit to his example. If he love good faith, the people will not dare not to be sincere. Now, when these things obtain, the people from all quarters will come to him, bearing their children on their backs ;—what need has he of a knowledge of husbandry?’

CHAP. V. The Master said, ‘ Though a man may be able to recite the three hundred odes, yet if, when intrusted with a governmental charge, he knows not how to act, or if, when sent to any quarter on a mission, he cannot give his replies unassisted, notwithstanding the extent of his learning, of what practical use is it ’Q’

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CHAP. VI. The Master said, ‘

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When a prince's personal conduct

is correct, his government is effective without the issuing of orders. If his personal conduct is not correct, he may issue orders, but they

will not be followed.’

CHAP. VII. Wei are brothers.’

The Master said, ‘The governments of Lu and

OHAP. VIII. The Mastersaid of Ching, a scion of the ducal

family of Wei, that he knew the economy of a family well.

When

he began to have means, he said, ‘Ha! here is a collection!’

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3. Yfi said, ‘Since they are thus numerous, what more shall be

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4. ‘And when they have been enriched, what more shall be done '€’ The Master said, ‘ Teach them.’

CHAP. X. The Master said, ‘ If there were (any of the princes) who would employ me, in the course of twelve months, I should have

done something considerable. In be perfected.’

CHAP. XI.

three years, the government would

The Master said, ‘ “ If good men were to govern a

country in succession for a hundred years, they would be able to transform the violently bad, and dispense with capital punishments.” True indeed is this saying!’ _ ,

CHAP. XII. The Master said, ‘If a truly roval ruler were to arise, it would still require a generation, and then virtue would

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