« הקודםהמשך »
else m s:
K . hat are your wishes, Ch'ih,’ said the M aster next to Kung-hs’i de. Ch‘z'h replied, ‘ I do not say that my ability extends to these things, but I should wish to learn them. At the services of the ancestral temple, and at the audiences of the princes with the sovereign, I should like, dressed in the dark square-made robe and the black linen cap, to act as a small assistant.’
7. Last of all, the Master asked Tsdng Hsi, ‘ Tien, what are your wishes?’ T den, pausing as he was playing on his lute, while it was yet twanging, laid the instrument aside, and rose. ‘ My Wishes,’ he said, ‘ are different from the cherished purposes of these three gentlemen.’ ‘ What harm is there in that?’ said the Master; ‘ do you also, as well as they, speak out your wishes.’ Tien then said, ‘ In this, the last month of spring, with the dress of the season all complete, along with five or six young men who have assumed the cap, and six or seven boys, I would wash in the l, enjoy the breeze among the rain altars, and return home singing.’ The Master heaved a sigh and said, ‘I give my approval to Tien.’
ChAu Li, 500 men make a m, and 5 m, or i in par. 5. is the name for occasional or
lincidental interviews of the princes with the
2,500 men, make a The two terms together v lsovereign, what are called . Ia be
have here the meaning given in the translation.
fl 2, tmanagod it; fit, 3rd tone, blends longs to occasions when they all presented u themselves together at court. The (and
its force with the following . = n
8. The three others having gone out, Tsang Hsi remained behind, and said, ‘ What do you think of the words of these three friends?’ The Master replied, ‘ They simply told each one his wishes.’
9. Hai pursued, ‘Master, why did you smile at Yfi '2’
IO. He was answered, ‘The management of a State demands the rules of propriety. His words were not humble; therefore I smiled at him.’
1 I. Hsi a ain said, ‘ But was it not a State which Gh'iii proposed ‘ for himself? The reply was, ‘ Yes; did you ever see a territory of sixty or seventy li, or one of fifty or sixty, which was not a State '5 ’
I 2. Once more, Hsi inquired, ‘ And was it not a State which Ch'ih proposed for himself ’4' The Master again replied, ‘Yes; who but princes have to do with ancestral temples, and with audiences but the sovereign? If Ch'ih were to be a small assistant in these services, who could be a great one ? '
CHAPTER I. I. Yen Yiian asked about perfect virtue. The Master said, ‘ To subdue one’s self and return to ropriety, is perfect virtue. If a man can for one day subdue himsel and return to propriety, all under heaven will ascribe perfect virtue to him. Is the practice of erfect virtue from a man himself, or is it from others 2"
2. Yen Il‘iian said, ‘ I beg to ask the steps of that process.’ The Master replied, ‘Look not at what is contrary to propriety; listen not to what is contrary to propriety; speak not what is contrarv to
ropriety; make no movement which is contrary to propriety.’
iian then said, ‘ Though I am deficient in intelligence and vigour, I will make it my business to practise this lesson.’
CHAP. II. Chung-kung asked
about perfect virtue. The Master
said, ‘It is, when you go abroad, to behave to every one as if you were
receiving a great guest; to employ
the people as if you were assisting
at a great sacrifice; not to do to others as you would not wish done to yourself; to have no murmuring against you in the country, and none in the family.’ Chung~kung said, ‘ Though I am deficient in intelligence and vigour, I will make it my business to practise
this lesson.’ CHAP. III.
I. Sze-ma N id asked about perfect virtue.
2. The Master said, ‘ The man of perfect virtue is cautious and
3. ‘ Cautious and slow in his speech ! ’ said N iii ;-—‘is this what is meant by perfect virtue 'Q ’ The Master said, ‘ When a man feels the difliculty of doing, can he be other than cautious and slow in
I. Sze-ma N iti asked about the superior man.
Master said, ‘ The superior man has neither anxiety nor fear.I
2. ‘ Being without anxiety or fear! ’ said N iii ;—‘ does this constitute what we call the superior man ? ' _
3. The Master said,‘When internal examination discovers nothing wrong, what is there to be anxious about, what is there to fear 'i'
have their brothers, I only have not.’ 2. Tsze-hsia said to him, ‘ There is the following saying which I
have heard :—