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CHAP. II. 1. The Master said, ‘ Respectfulness, without the rules of propriety, becomes laborious bustle; carefulness, without the rules of propriety, becomes timidity; boldness, Without the rules of propriety, becomes insubordination; straightforwardness, Without the rules of propriety, becomes rudeness.
2. ‘When those who are in high stations perform well all their duties to their relations, the people are aroused t0 virtue. When old friends are not neglected by them, the people are preserved from meanness.’
CHAP. III. The philosopher Tsttn being ill, he called to him the disciples of his school, and said, ‘ ncover my feet, uncover my hands. It is said in the Book of Poetry, “ We should be apprehensive and cautious, as if on the brink of a deep gulf, as if treading on thin ice,” and so have I been. Now and hereafter, I know my escape
from all injury to my person, 0 ye, my little ohildren.’
2. Tsang said to him, ‘When a bird is about to die, its notes are mournful; when a man is about to die, his Words are good.
3. ‘There are three principles of conduct which the man of high rank should consider specially important :—that in his deportment and manner he keep from violence and heedlessness; that in regulating his countenance he keep near to sincerity; and that in his words and tones he keep far from lowness and impropriety. As to such matters as attending to the sacrificial vessels, there are the
CHAP. V. The philosopher Tsang said, ‘ Gifted with ability, and
yet putting questions to those who were not so ; possessed of much, and yet putting questions to those possessed of little; having, as though he had not; full, and yet counting himself as empty; ofl'ended against, and yet entering into no altercation: formerly I had a friend who pursued this style of conduct.’ ‘
CHAP. VI. The philosopher Tsang said, ‘ Suppose that there is an individual who can be entrusted with the charge of a young orphan prince, and can be commissioned with authority over a State
a hundred It, and whom no emergency however great can drive
rior man indee .’
CHAP. VII. I. The philosopher Tsang said, ‘The officer may not
be without breadth of mind and is heavy and his course is long.
vigorous endurance. His burden
2. ‘ Perfect virtue is the burden which he considers it is his to sustain ;—is it not heavy ’4 Only with death does his course stop ;—
mind is aroused.
I. The Master said, ‘ It is by the Odes that the
2. ‘ It is by the Rules of Propriety that the character is established.
3. ‘ It is from Music that the finish is received.’
CHAP. IX. The Master said, ‘ The people may be made to follow a path of action, but they may not be made to understand it.’
CHAP. X. The Master said, ‘ The man who is fond of daring and is dissatisfied with poverty, will proceed to insubordination. So will the man who is not virtuous, when you carry your dislike of him to
‘ Though a man have abilities as of Chan, yet if he be roud and really not worth being ooked at.’ ‘ It is not easy to find a man who
has learned for three years without coming to be ood.’
I. The Master said, ‘ With sincere faith he unites
the love of learning; holding firm to death, he is perfecting the
excellence of his course.
a tottering State, nor dwell in a
When right principles of government prevail in
the kingdom, he will show himself; when they are prostrated, he
will keep concealed.
verned, poverty and a mean con— When a country is ill-governed,
riches and honour are things to be ashamed of.’