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State, whom would you have to act with you ?' 3. The Master said, ‘ I would not have him to act with me, who will unarmed attack a tiger, or cross a river without a boat, dying
without any regret.
My associate must be the man who proceeds
to action full of solicitude, who is fond of adjusting his plans, and
then carries them into execution.’
CHAP. XI. The Master said, ‘ If the search for riches is sure to be successful, though I should become a groom with whip in hand to
get them, I willdo so.
As the search may not be successful, I will
CHAP. XII. The things in reference to which the Master exercised the greatest caution were—fasting, war, and sickness.
CHAP. XIII. When the Master was in Ch'i, he heard the Shah, and for three months did not know the taste of flesh. ‘ I did not think,’ he said,‘ that music could have been made so excellent as this.’
CHAP. XIV. 1.Yen Ya said, ‘Is our Master for the ruler ofWeiZ’ Tsze-kung said, ‘ Oh i I will ask him.’
2. He went in accordingly, and said, ‘What sort of men were Po-i and Shfi-ch'i?’ ‘ They were ancient worthies,’ said the Master. ‘ Did they have any repinings because of their course?’ The Master again replied, ‘ They sought to act virtuously, and they did so ; what was there for them to repine about ?' On this, Tsze-kung went out and said, ‘ Our Master is not for him.’
did not know the taste of his food. In Ho Yen's approvmg of their conduef' it w,“ plain ha could not approve of a son s holding by force
compilation, the 7; *[I is explained by ,@ what was the rightful inheritance of the father.
clause is also explained there—‘ 1 did not think ‘ and theygot virtue ;’ i. e. such was the character that this music had reached this country of Ch'i.’ , of their conduct.
CHAP. XV. The Master said,
as m ear
‘With coarse rice to eat, with
water to drink, and my bended arm for a pillow ;—-I have still joy in
the midst of these things.
Riches and honours acquired by unright
CHAP. XVI. The Master said, give fifty to the study of the Yi, and then I might
life, I would come to be without great faults.’
‘ If some years were added to my
CHAP. XVII. The Master’s frequent themes of discourse were— the Odes, the History, and the maintenance of the Rules of Propriety. On all these he frequently discoursed.
Amended thus, the meaning would be—‘ If I had some more years to finish the study of the Yi, &c.’ Ho Yon interprets the chapter quite differently. Referring to the saying, II. iv. 4, ‘ At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven,’ he supposes this to have been spoken when Confucius was forty-seven, and explains—‘ In a few years more I will be fifty, and have finished the Yi, when I may be without great faults.‘—One thing remains upon both views z—Confucius never claimed, what his followers do for him, to be a perfect man.
17. Conrucws's nos'r common TOPICS. %,
CHAP. XVIII. I. The duke of Sheh asked Tsze-lu about Confucius, and Tsze-lu did not answer him.
2. The Master said, ‘Why did you not say to him,—He is simpl a man, who in his eager pursuit (of knowledge) forgets his food: who in the joy 0 its attainment forgets his sorrows, and who does not perceive that o d age is coming on '€ ’
CHAP. XIX. The Master said, ‘ I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge; I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there.’
CHAP. XX. The subjects on which the Master did not talk, were—extraordinary things, feats of strength, disorder, and spiritual beings.
is onl and while ceremonie music LEARNER. I. i (read shah) was a district of y % g, s’ ’
names of things, history, &c., must be learned. Ch'u the governor or prefect of which This would make what we may call connate
- - or innate knowledge the moral sense, and was Styled kung’ after the usurpmg fasmon Of those intuitive principles of reason, on and
Ch 11. Its name is still preserved in a dis- by which an knowledge is built up. But
"let 0f the department 0f mi $3 1" the Confucius could not mean to deny his being —‘ possessed of these. ‘I love antiquity ;’ i. e.
the ancients and all their works.
a sentence (Prémare, ‘claudit oralimwm'), as gustymsm Avomm) BY Confucmsmnls CON.
others, they may serve me as my teachers. I will select their good qualities and follow them, their bad qualities and avoid them.’
is in me.
‘ Heaven produced the virtue that
CHAP. XXIII. The Master said, ‘ Do you think, my disciples, that
I have any concealments ?
nothing which I do that is not shown to you, my disciples ;—that
GHAP.VXXIV. There were four things which the Master taught,— letters, ethics, devotion of soul, and truthfulness.
correct them in myself, avoid them.
22. Conrocrus CALM rs DANGER, THROUGH rm: ASSURANCE or HAVING A DIVINE mission. According to the historical accounts, Confucius was passing through Sung in his way from Wei to Ch'iin, and was practising ceremonies with his disciples under a large tree. when they were set upon by emissaries of Hwan (or Hsiang) T'i‘ii, a high officer of Sung. These pulled down the tree, and wanted to kill the sage. His disciples urged him to make haste and escape, when he calmed their fears by these words. At the same time, he disguised himself till he had got past Sung. This story may be apocryphal, but the saying remains,— a remarkable one.
use of letters. fi3= A m B Hi, ‘what is
daily used in the relations of life.’ U H -—- 7; § . ‘not a single thought not