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“ You are filial, you discharge your
are displayed in governmen .”
of government. Why must there
government ? ’

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CHAP. XXII. The Master said, ‘ I do not know how a man without truthfulness is to get on. How can a large carriage be made to go

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2. Confucius said,‘ The Yin dynasty followed the regulations of the

Hsia : wherein it took from or added to them may be known. The Chau dynasty has followed the regulations of the Yin : wherein it took from or added to them may be known. Some other may follow the Chan, but though it should be at the distance of a hundred ages,

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curved upwards, and the cross-bar was suspended from a hook.’ This would give it more elasticity.

28. THE GREAT Pmcrrnrs oovnnwmo socrm mnmcwomsnn. 1. maybe taken asan age=our ‘ century,’ or as a generation =thirty years, which is its radical meaning, being formed from three tens and one and —-)_ Confucius made no pretension to supernatural powers, and all commentators are agreed that the things here asked about were not what we call contingent or indifferent events. He merely says that the great principles of morality and relations of society had continued the same and would ever do so. m - #4_ 2. The Hsia, Yin, and Chen are now spoken

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I. The Master said, ‘For a man to sacrifice to

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a spirit which does not belong to him is flattery. 2. ‘ To see what is right and not to do it is want of courage.’

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CHAPTER I. Confucius said of the head of the Chi famil , who had eight rows of pantomimes in his area, ‘ If he can bear to 0 this,

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L CHAP. II. The three families used the YUNG ode, while the vessels were being removed, at the conclusion of the sacrifice. The Master said, ‘ “ Assisting are the princes ;—the son of heaven looks profound and rave :”——what application can these words have in'the hall of

the t ree families?’ CHAP. III.

f a man be without the virtues to do with music ’4 ’ CHAP. IV.

attended to in ceremonies.

The Master said, ‘ proper to humanity, what has he to do with the rites of propriety '2 proper to humanity, what has he

If a man be without the virtues

1. Lin Fang asked what was the first thing to be

2. The Master said, ‘A great question indeed! 3. ‘In festive ceremonies, it is better to be sparing than extravagant.

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In the ceremonies of mourning, it is better that there be deep sorrow than a minute attention to observances.’

CHAP. V. The Master said, ‘ The rude tribes of the east and north have their princes, and are not like the States of our great land

which are without them.’ CHAP. VI.

The chief of the Chi family was about to sacrifice to

the T'ai mountain. The Master said to Zan Yfl, ‘Can you not save him

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you say that the T‘ai mountain is not so discerning as Lin Fang ? '

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6. ON THE FOLLY or vsmwsn sacnrrrcss.
is said to be the name appropriate to sacrifices
to mountains, but we find it applied also to
sacrifices to God. The T'ai mountain is the
first of the ‘five mountains’ i a), which
are celebrated in Chinese literature, and have
always received religious honours. It was in
Lil, or rather on the borders between Lu and
Ch'i, about two miles north of the present
department city of T'ai-an ( ), in Shan-
tung. According to the ritual of China, sacrifice
could only be ofl‘ered to those mountains by the
sovereign, and by the princes in whose States
any of them happened to be. For the chief of
the Chi family, therefore, to sacrifice to the

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CHAP. VII.

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The Master said, ‘

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The student of virtue has no con

tentions. If it be said he cannot avoid them, shall this be in archery?

But he bows complaisantly to his

competitors; thus he ascends the

hall, descends, and exacts the forfeit of drinking. In his contention,

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CHAP. VIII. 1. Tsze-hsia asked, saying, ‘What is the meaning of the passage—“ The pretty dimples of her artful smile I The well-defined black and white of her eye I The plain ground for the colours?” ’

2. The Master said, ‘The business of laying on the colours follows (the preparation of) the plain ground.’

3. ‘Ceremonies then are a subsequent thing?’ The Master said,‘It is Shang who can bring out my meaning. Now I can begin to talk

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8. CEREXONII-‘S ARE SECONDARY AND [EB-ELY

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