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I. The philosopher Yd said, ‘They are few who,
being filial and fraternal, are fond of offending against their superiors. There have been none, who, not liking to offend against their superiors, have been fond of stirring up confusion.
2. ‘The superior man bends his attention to what is radical.
not know him,’ but anciently some explained —‘ men do not know,’ that is, are stupid under his teaching. The interpretation in the text is, doubtless, the correct one.
2. FILIAL rim AND rm'rsmur. susmssron ARE "rm: FOUNDATION or ALL VIRTUOUS PRACTICE.
is ‘YO, the philosopher,' and he and Tsang Shin are the only two of Confucius's disciples who are mentioned in this style in the Law Yii. This has led to an opinion on the part of some, that the work was compiled by their disciples. This may not be sufficiently supported, but I have not found the peculiarity pointed out satisfactorily explained. The tablet of Yu's spirit is now in the same apartment of the sage’s temples as that of the sage himself, occupying the 6th place in the eastern range of ‘the wise ones.’ To this position it was promoted in the 3rd year of Ch‘ien-lung of the present dynasty. A degree of activity enters
That being established, all practical courses naturally grow up. Filial piety and fraternal submission l—are they not the root of all
benevolent actions 7. ’
CHAP. III. The Master said,
‘ Fine words and an insinuating
appearance are seldom associated with true virtue.’ CHAP. IV. The philosopher Tsang said, ‘ I daily examine myself
on three points :—whether, in transacting business for others, I may
have been not- faithful ;—whether,
in intercourse with friends, I may
have been not sincere ;——whether I may have not mastered and practised the instructions of my teacher.’
chariots, there must be reverent attention to business, and sincerity; economy in expenditure, and love for men ; and the employment of the people at the proper seasons.’
CHAP. VI. The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the
performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
CHAP. VII. _ the love of beauty, and applies
Tsze-hsia said, ‘If a man withdraws his mind from
it as sincerely to the love of the
virtuous ; if, in servmg his parents, he can exert his utmost strength;
if, in serving his prince, he can devote his life; if, in his intercourse with his friends, his words are sincere :—although men say that he has not learned, I will certainly say that he has.’
1. The Master said, ‘ If the scholar be_not grave, he will not call forth any veneration,
and his learning will not be solid.
2. ‘ Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles.
3. ‘ Have no friends not equal 4. ‘When you have faults, do
CHAP. IX. The philosopher Tsang said, ‘ Let there be a careful
attention to perform the funeral followed when long gone with the
rites to parents, and let them be ceremonies of sacrifice ;—then the
virtue of the people will resume its proper excellence.’
master comes to any country, he does not fail to learn all about its
Does he ask his information? or is it given to him '2 ’
2. Tsze-kung said, ‘Our master is benign, upright, courteous,
temperate; and complaisant, and thus he gets his Information.
master’s mode of asking information l—is it not different from that
CHAP. XI. The Master said,
‘While a man’s father is alive,
look at the bent of his will; when his father is dead, look at his
conduct. father, he may be called filial.’
If for three years he does not alter from the way of his