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and of good account amongst the other Indians in those parts for his valour. He continued faithful and constant to the English until his death. The said Hobbamacke with Squanto, being a while after sent amongst the other Indians about busiess for the English, were surprised about Namasket, (since called Middleborough,) by an Indian Sachem not far off, called Corbitant, upon the only account of their friendship to the English. The said Corbitant, picking a quarrel with Hohbamacke, would have stabbed him, but he being a strong man easily cleared himself of his adversary; and after his escape, soon brought intelligence to the governour of his danger, adding withal that he feared Squanto was slain, having been both threatened on the same account; but Capt. Standish sent forth with 12 or 14 men well armed, beset the house, and himself adventuring to enter, found that Corbitant had fled, but yet that Squanto was alive. Two or three Indians pressing out of the house when it was beset, were sorely wounded, whom notwithstand. ing the English brought to their chirurgeon, by whom, through God's blessing, they were soon cured. After this exploit they had divers congratulatory messages from sundry of the other Sachens, in order to a settled amity, and Corbitant soon after made use of Massasoit, as a mediator to make peace, being afraid to come near himself for a long time after: the Indians also of the Island Capowake, since called Martha, commonly Martyne's Vineyard, sent to them to obtain their friend hip. By this means the colony, being better assured of a peace with their neighbours, improved the opportunity to acquaint themselves with such of the indians that lived more remote, especially those of the Massachusetts ; for which purpose they sent thither a boat with ten men, and Squanto for their interpreter, on September 18 foliowing, in part to discover and view the said bay, of which they had heard a great fame, and partly to make way for after trade with the natives of the place, for having lived with the Dutch in Holland, they were naturally addicted to commerce and traffick ; and which at this time was very r:ecessary for their support. Therein they were kindly entertained by the natives of that place, wishing, it seems, they had been seated there ; but he who appoints to all men their inheritance, and sets to the inhabitants of the earth the bounds of their habitation, had by his provi. dence otherwise disposed of them; and by his purpose reserved that place for such of their friends, as should come after; thus far those people had experience of the outgoing of divine favour, blessing their going out and their coming in, and giving them encouragement, so they might be instrumental to lay a foundation for many generations. But the remembrance of the cold winter the year before gave them an item that it was time now to fit up their cottages against the same season, now fast approaching upon them, which they suddenly attended after harvest, for now their old store of provision being by this time all finished, they welcomed the first harvest fruits with no little joy. The hand of providence also in the beginning of winter increased them, as by sending in great plenty of fish and fowl to their great refreshing.
The ninth of November ensuing added 35 persons more, to their company, which was no small rejoicing to the first planters, nor were the new comers a little glad to see such plenty of provisions beyond expectation. The commander of the vessel was one Mr. Robert Cushman, an active and faithful instrument for the good of the publick; yet herein was he overseen, that he so overstored the plantation with number of people in proportion to the provision he brought with them, for the whole company, having nothing to trust to but the produce of the earth, and what they could procure by fishing and fowling, they were in great straight for provision before the return of the next harvest ; nor had they at this time any neat cattle, to afford them any present relief or future increase; nor did it appear they had any benefit considerable, by other creatures. Presently after the dispatch of this ship, whose stay in the country was not a. bove 14 days, the Narragansetts sent an uncouth messenger unto the plantation, with a bundle of arrows tied together with a snake's skin, not much unlike that which sometimes the Scythians of old sent to the Per
sian King Darius, when he without cause went to invade their country, of which those of Plymouth were not a whit guilty. Squanto their friend told them, he being their interpreter, that the English of it was a threatening and a challenge, at which the governour, relying more on the power and promises of God, than the strength or number of his own company, was not a whit dismayed; but did, by another messenger, let him know how he resented their message, sending back their snake's skin full of powder and bullets, with this word, that if they loved war better than peace they might begin when they would ; that as they had done them no wrong, so neither did they fear them, nor if they minded to try, should they find them unprovided. It is thought that their own ambitious humour prompted them to this insolent message, supposing the English might be a bar in their way in raising a larger dominion upon the ruins of their neighbours, wasted by late sickness, observing that Massasoit their next rival for sovereignty, had already taken shelter under the wings of the English; however it was a seasonable caution to the English to be more watchful and continually stand upon their guard, closing their dwellings with a strong pale, made with flankers at the corners, and strengthening their watches, having first divided their company into 4 squadrons, appointing to each their quarter, to which they were to repair, in case of danger upon any alarm, and in case of fire ; assigning one company for a guard of their weapons, while the others were employed in putting out what was kindled. Thus having gotten over another of the cold winters, to which their bodies began now to be pretty well inured, they designed the succeeding spring, Anno 1622, to prosecute their commerce with the Massachusetts, as they had certified the natives, about which there was some demur, in the first hand of the year upon some jealousies between Hobbamacke and Squanto, grounded on some surmises raised by one of them, as if the natives of Massachusetts were like to join in a conspiracy with the Narragansetts. But this tempest being soon blown over, they accomplished theirvoyage
with good success, and returned in safety, having for the greater secu. rity carried both the said Indians along with them; butafter their return they discerned that Squanto, notwithstanding his friendship pretended to the English, began to play the Jack on both sides, endeavouring to advance his own ends betwixt the English and the Indians, making his countrymen believe that he could make war and peace when he pleased, or at his pleasure. And the more to affright his countrymen and keep them in awe, he told them the English kept the plague under ground, and could send it amongst them when they pleased, meaning, as he said, a barrel of gunpowder hid under ground. By this means however he drew the Indians from their obedience to their Sachem, Massasoit, making them depend more upon himself than upon him, which caused him no small envy from the Sachem, insomuch as it had cost him his life, had it not been for the English, to whom he was constrained ever after to stick more close, so as he never durst leave them till his death, which the other did endeavour to hasten openly as well as privately, after the discovery of those practices. By this it appears that the very same spirit was then stirring in the father which of late did kindle this late rebellion and war between Philip his son and the English, occasioned by a jealousy the said Philip had conceived against Sausaman, whom he had entertained as his secretary, and sure counsellor, yet harbouring a jealousy in his mind against him, for the respect he bore to the English, which made him contrive his death, so thence have risen all the late differences or mischiefs as shall be shewed more fully afterwards, but as for the emulation that grew between Hobbamacke and Squanto, the English made good use thereof; the governour seemed to favour one, and the captain the other, whereby they were the better ordered in point of their observance to the English, which was a prudent consideration. The same course was taken of late by the governour of Plymouth, and him that immediately preceded, with reference to Philip and Josiah, two sagamores within their jurisdiction, but not with the like success; for when governour Prince only seemed more to favour Philip, as the other gentleman, at that time commander in chief of all the military forces, did Josiah, Philip conceived such a mortal hatred against the honourable gentleman, that at last it raised this fatal war, and ended in the ruin of himself and all his people, and all those that engaged with him therein.
About this time, viz. towards the end of May, Anno 1622, it appeared that Mr. Thomas Weston, (who was one of those adventurers that were first engaged in the foundation of Plymouth colony, and as is said had disbursed five hundred pounds to advance the interest thereof,) observing how the plantation began to flourish, was minded to break off and set up for himself, though little to his advantage, as the sequel proved. When men are actuated by private interest and are eager to carry on particular designs of their own, it is the bane of all generous and noble enterprises, but is very often re. warded with dishonour and disadvantages to the undertakers. At the last, this Mr. Weston had gotten for himself a patent for some part of the Massachusetts about Wessagusquasset, by the English since called Weymouth, for the carrying on a plantation there, he sent over two ships on his own particular account; in the one of them, which came first, were sixty young men which he ordered to be set ashore at Plymouth, there to be left till the ship that brought them was returned froin Virginia, whither she was to convey the rest of her passengers; and likewise seven more that a little before arrived at Plymouth, sent thither from Damarill's Cove, out of a ship employed there by said Weston, and another on a fishing design. In the mean time Mr. Weston's men were courteously entertained by them of Plymouth the most part of that summer, many of then being sick, and all of them wholly unacquainted with setting up of new plantations. At the ship’s return from