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When Percy drove the deer with hound and horn, 1 Cowslips - 40. 87 Horse 'i . 148
ii. 44 Goodman Hodges i. 122
V. 109 Hound
- v. 62
Church-yard v. 148 Jay
iv. 15 Joan
** .vi. 99
i. 56 Irish Trot vi, 116
Katharine Pear iii. 56
i. 44 Kid
Dandelion , v. 87 Kidling
iii. 9 Kersey doublet
j. 36 Kingcup
i. 16 Lady-bird.
vi. 39 Leather
i. 118 Lamb
iii. 43 Lobbin Clout
Goody Dobson v. 108 Love-powder iv, 124
v. 155 Lambkin
Ducking-stool jl. 105 Lark
Leathern bottle v. 127
. v. 5. Leek
Virg. | Endive .. v. 138 Lilly-bullero v i, 116
v. 90 Linnet
vi. 71 Mackrel iij. 68
i. 52 Midsummer-eve ir, 27
Ginger . v. 150 Mole
v. 114 Mountebank
vi. | Grass
iii. 90 Grubbinol
1Ninepence v. 129
Holy-day i. 66 Oatmeal.
v. 86 Ploughing ij. 51
42 | Hempseed. iv. .28 Pease-cod iv. 69
iii. 54 Pigeon
ji, 79 Hosen
i. 99 Pinner
ji. 15 Pottage
vi. 117 Primrose
BOOK I. v. 84 Swine
v. 64 Patient Grissel v. 19 Summer
i. 61 Op THE IMPLEMENTS FOR WALKING THE STREETS, AND Poultry v. 11:3 Silver-spoon vi. 80
SIGNS OF THE WEATHER. Parish clerk vi. 49 Sparabella
THROUGH winter streets to steer your course aright,
How to walk clean by day, and safe by night;
How jostling crowds with prudence to decline,
| When to assert the wall, and when resigu,
i Robin Hood
I sius: thou, Trivia, goddess, aid my song, ri. 119
iii. 40 'Tobacco
Through spacious streets conduct thy bard along; Robin-red-breast vi. 95 Gaffer Treadwell v. 151
By thee transported, I securely stray ri. 80
Troy toun Rook
Where winding alleys lead the doubtful way, ii. 54 Turnip
i. 86 Rosamond vi. 119 "Threshing
The silent court and opening square explore,
And long perplexing lanes untiod before. 10 Ribbon
To pave thy realm, and smooth the broken ways, jij. 29
Earth froin her womb a flinty tribute pays; Rosemary
v. 137 Riddle j. 111 Valentine's day
For thce the sturdy pavior thumps the ground,
iv. 37 l'dder
Whilst every stroke his labouring lungs resound; Swinging i. 103
For thee the scavenger bids kennels glide Spring iv. 16 Wake
Witbin their kounds, and heaps of dirt subside.
My youthful bosom burns with thirst of fame, Sauney vi. 115 Weather
60 From the great theme to build a glorious name, Sage
ii. 13 Winter
vi. 77 Weed Scissans
To tread in paths to ancient bards unknow..,
0 ii. 28 Sherp
And bind my temples with a civic crown:
v. 125 Wheat-sheaf Straw-hat
But more iny country's love demands my lays; vi. 126
My country's be the profit, mine tbe praise! Sloe iii. 52 Whey
When the black youth at chosen stands rejoice, Smock jx. 19 Whitepot
And “clean your shocs" resounds from every voice;Snail ii. 71 Wood
When late their miry sides stage-coaches show, Spinning-wheel v. 123 Worky.day
And their stiff horses through the town move slow; Squirrel ji. 70 Woodcock
When all the Mall in leafy ruin lies, Sugar v 96 Whistling
And damsels first renew their oyster-cries:
Then let the prudent walker shoes provide,
30 Sowing . ii. 53 Yonngling
The wooden heel may raise the dancer's bound,
Let firm, well-hammer'd soles protect thy feet
Thru' freczing snows, and rains, and soaking sleet.
Should the big last extend the shoc too wide,
Fach stone will wrench th' unwary step aside; SHE ART OF WALKING TILE STREETS OF LONDON. The sudden turn inay stretch the swelling vein,
Thy cracking joint unhinge, or ankle sprain; ** IN THREE BOOKS.
And, when too short the modish shoes are worn, Qno te Mæri pedes? an, quo via ducit, in urbem? | You'll judge the seasons by your shooting cora. 40
Virg. Vor should it prove thy less important care,
| 'To choose a proper coat for winter's wear. .
Now in thy trunk thy D'Oily habit fold,
The silken drugget ill can fence the cold; The world, I believe, will take so little notice | The friezi's spouky nap is soak'd with rain, of me, that I need not take much of it. The | And showers soon drench the camlet's cockled critics may see by this poem, that I walk ou foot,
grain; which probably inay save me froin their envy. I Truc Witney' broad-cloth, with its shag unshorn, should be sorry to raise that passion in men whom | Unpierc'd is in the lasting tempest worn : I am so much obliged to, since they allow me an Be this the horseman's fence, for who would wear • honour hitherto only shown to better writers, Annid the town the spoils of Russia's bear? 50 that 'of denying me to be the author of my own Within the roquelaure's clasp thy hands are pent, vorks.
Hands, tbat, stretch'd forth, invading harins preGentlemen, if there be any thing in this poem let the loop'd bavaroy the fop embrace, (rente good enough to displease you, and if it be any ad- Or bis deep cloke bespatter'd o'er with lace. vantage to you to ascribe it to sone person of That garment best the winter's rage defends, greater merit; I shall acquaint you, for your Whose ample form without one plait depends; comfort, that, among many other obligatious, I By various names in various counties known, owr scveral hints of it to Dr. Swift.. And, if you Yet held in all the true surtout alone; will so far continue your farous as to write against Be thine of kersey firm, though sinall the cost, it, I beg you to oblige me in accepting the follow- Then brave unwct the rain, unchill'd the froste 60 ing motto:
Nou tu, in triviis, indokte, solchas Virg. A town in Oxfordshire.
If the strong canc support thy walking hand, | This knows the powder'd footman, and with care Chairmen no longer shall the wall command; Beneath his flapping hat secures his hair. Ev'n sturdy carmen shall thy nod obey,
Be thou for every season justly drest, And rattling coaches stop to inake thee way: Nor brave the piercing frost with open breast; 130 This shall direct thy cautious tread aright,
And, when the bursting clouds a deluge pour, Though not one glaring lainp enliven night. Let thy surtout defend the drenching shower. Let beaux their canes, with amber tipt, produce; The changing weather certain signs reveal. Be theirs for empty show, but thine for use. Ere Winter sheds her snow, or frosts congeal, In gilded chariots while they loll at ease, ' You'll see the coals in brighter flame aspire, And lazily ensure a life's disease;
70 And sulphur tinge with blue the rising tire; While softer chairs the tawdry load convey
Your tender shins the scorching heat decline, To court, to White's', assemblies, or the play; And at the dearth of coals the poor repine; Rosy-complexion'd Health thy steps attends, Before her kitchen hearth, the nodding dame, And exercise thy lasting youth defends.
In flannel mantle wrapt, enjoys the flame; 140 Imprudent men Heaven's choicest gifts profane: Hovering, upon her feeble knees she bends, Thus some beneath their arm support the cane; And all around the grateful warmth ascends. The dirty point oft checks the careless pace,
Nor do less certain signs the town advise : And miry spots the clean cravat disgrace.
Of milder weather and serener skies. Oh! may I never such misfortune meet!
The ladies, gaily dress'd, the Mall adora May no such vicious walkers crowd the street! 80 With various dyes, and paint the sunny morn; May Providence o'ershade me with her wings, The wanton fawns with frisking pleasure range, While the bold Muse experienc'd danger sings! And chirping sparrows greet the welcome change ; Not that I wander from my native home,
Not that their minds with greater skill are fraught, And (tempting perils, foreign cities roam.
Endued by instinct, or by reason taught: 150 Let Paris bc the theme of Gallia's Muse,
The seasons operate on cy ( Wiere Slavery treads the streets in wooden shoes. 'Tis hence the fawns are brisk, and ladies drest. Nor do I rove in Belgia's frozen clime, ..
| When on his box thé nodding coachman snores, And teach the clumsy boor to skate in rhyme; | And dreams of fancy'd fares; when tavern doors Where, if the warmer clouds in rain descend, The chairmen idly crowd ; then ne'cr refuse : No miry ways industrious steps offend;
90 To trust thy busy steps in thinner shoes. . The rushing flood from sloping pavements pours, But when the swinging signs your ears offendi And blackens the canals with dirty showers. With creaking noise, then rainy floods impend; } Let others Naples' smoother streets rehearse, Soon stall the kennels swell with rapid streams, And with proud Roman structures grace their verse, And rush in muddy torrents to the 'Thames. 160... Where frequent murders wake the night with The bookseller, whose shop's an open square, groans,
Foresees the tempest, and with carly care And blood in purple torrents dyes the stones. Of learning strips the rails; the rowing crew, ... Nor shall the Muse through narrow Venice stray, 'To tempt a fare, clothe all their tilts in blue; Where gondolas their painted ours display. On hosier's poles depending stockings tyd, O happy streets ! to rumbling wheels unknown, Flag with the slacken'd gale from side to side; No carts, no coaches, shake the floating town! 100 | Church-inonuments foretel the changing air, Thus was of old Britannia's city bles',
Then Niobe dissolves into a 'tear,
(sounds Ere pride and luxury her sons possessd;
and sweats with sacred grief; you'll hear the Coaches and chariots yet unfashion'd lay,
Of whistling winds, ere kennels break their bounds; Nor late-invented chairs perplex'd the way: Ungrateful odours cominon-shores diffuse, 171 Then the proud lady tripp'd along the town, And dropping vaults distil unwholesome dews, And tuck'd-up petticoats secur'd her gown; Ere the tiles rattle with the sinoking shower, Her rosy cheek with distant visits glow'd,
And spouts on heedless men their turrents pour. And exercise unartful charms bestow'd :
All superstition from thy breast repel: But since in braided gold her foot is bound, Let credulous boys and prattling nurses tell, And a long training mantua sweeps the ground, How, if the festival of Paul be clear, Her shoe disdains the street; the lazy fair, 111 Plenty from liberal horn shall strew the year; With narrow step, affects a limping air.
When the dark skies dissolve in snow or rain, Now gaudy pride corrupts the lavish age,
The labouring hind shall yoke the steer in vain; And the streets flame with glaring equipage; But, if the threatening winds in tempests roar, 181 The tricking gamester insolently rides,
Then War shall bathe her wasteful sword in gore. With Loves and Graces on his chariot sides; How, if on Swithin's feast the welkin lours, In saucy state the griping broker sits,
And every pentnouse streams with basty showers, And laughs at honesty and trudging wits.
Twice twenty days shall clouds their fleeces drain, For you, o honest men ! these useful lays
And wash the pavements with incessant rain. The Muse prepares; I seek no other praise. 120 | Let not such vulgar tales delas. thy mind;
When sleep is tirs disturb'd by morning cries, Nor Paul nor Swithin rule the clou is and wind.
Others you'll see, when all the town's atloat, Surpris'u in dreary fogs, or driving rain.
Wrapt in th' embraces of a kersey coat, When suffocating mists obscure the morn, Lüt thy worst wig, long us'd to storins, be worn; · Haud equidem credo, quia sit divinitus illis,
Ingenium, aut rerum fato prudentia major. "A chocolate house in St. James's street, T
Virg. Georg. i
Or double-bottom'd frieze; their guarded feet | With headless nails he now surrounds her shoes, Defy die muddy dangers of the street;
To save her steps from rains and piercing dews, While you, with hat unloop'd, the fury dread She lik'd his soothing tales, his presents wore, Of spouts bigh streaming, and with cautious tread And granted kisses, but would grant no more. Shun every dashing pool, or idly stop,
Yet Winter chill'd her feet, with cold she pines, To seek the kind protection of a shop
| And on her cheek the fading rose declines; But business summons; now with hasty scud No more her huinid eyes their lustre boast, You jostle for the wall; the spatter'd mud 200 And in hoarse sounds her melting voice is lost, 270 Hides all thy hose behind ; in vain you scower, Thus Vulcan saw, and in his heavenly thought Thy wig, alas! uncurl'd, admits the shower. A new machine mechanic fancy wrought, So fierce Alecto's snaky tresses fell,
Above the mire her shelter'd steps to raise, When Orphens charm'd the rigorous powers of Hell; And bear her safely through the wintery ways. Or thus hung Glaucus' beard, with briny dew Straight the new engine on his anvil glows, Clotted and straight, when first his amorous view And the pale virgin on the patten rose. Surpris'd the bathing fair; the frighted maid No more her lungs are shook with dropping sheums, Now stands a rock, transform'd by Circe's aid. And on her cheek reviving beauty blooins.
Good housewives all the winter's rage despise, The god obtain'd his suji: though fattery fail, Defended by the riding-hood's disguise ; 210 Prescuts with female virtue inust prevail. 280 Or, underneath th' umbrella's oily shed,
The patten now supports each frugal dame,
OF WALKING THE STREETS BY DAY.
The proper inplements for wintery ways; Where Lincoln wide extends her fenny soil, Has taught the walker, with judicious eyes, A goodly yeoman liv'd, grown white with toil; 'To read the various warnings of the skies: One only daughter bless'd his nuptial bed,
Now venture, Muse, from home to range the town, Who from her infant hand the poultry fed : And for the public safety risk thy own. Martha (her careful mother's name) she bore, For ease and for dispatch, the morning's best; But now her careful mother was no more.
No tides of passengers the streets molest. Whilst on her father's knee the damsel play'd, You'll see a draggled damsel here and there, Patty he fondly call'd the smiling maid; 230 From Billingsgate her fishy traffic bear; 1 10 As years increas'd, her ruddy beauty grew,
On doors the sallow inilk-maid chalks her gains; And Patty's fame o'er all the village few. | Ah ! how unlike the milk-maid of the plains!
Soon as the grey-ey'd morning streaks the skies, Before proud gates attending asses bray, . And in the doubtful day the woodcock fies, | Or arrogate with solemn pace the way ; Her cleanly pail the pretty housewife bears, These grave physicians with their milky cheer And singing to the distant field repairs;
The love-sick maid and dwindling beau repair; And, when the plains with evening dews are spread, Here rows of drummers stand in martial file, The milky burthen smokes upon her head,
And with their vellum thunder shake the pile, Deep through a miry lane she pick'd her way, To greet the new.made bride. Are sounds like these Above her ancle rose the chalky clay.
240 The proper prelude to a state of peace? 20 Vulcan by chance the bloomy maiden spies, Now Industry awakes her busy sons; With innocence and beauty in her eyes :
Full-charg'd with news the breathless hawker runs : He saw, he lov'd; for yet he ne'er had known Shops open, coaches roll, carts shake the ground, Sweet innocence and beauty meet in one.
And all the streets with passing cries resound. Ah, Mulciber! recal thy nuptial vows,
If cloth'd in black you tread the busy town, Think on the graces of thy Paphian spouse; 'Or if distinguish d by the reverend grown, Think how her eyes dart inexhausted charms, Three trades avoid : oft in the mingling press And canst thou leave her bed for Patty's arms? The barber's apron soils the sable dress;
The Lemnian power forsakes the realms above, Shun the perfumer's touch with cautious eye, His bosom glowing with terrestrial love: 250 Nor let the baker's step advance too nigh. 30 Farin the lane a lonely hut he fo'ind;
Ye walkers too, that youthful colours wear, No.tenant ventur'd on th' unwholesome ground. Ihree sullying trades avoid with equal care: Here smokes his forge, he bares his sinewy arm, The little chimney-sweeper skulks along, And early strokes the sounding anvil warm : And marks with sooty stains the heedless throng; Around his shop the steely sparkles flew,
When small-coal murmurs in the hoarser throat, As for the steed he shap'd the bending shoe. From smutty dangers guard thy threaten'd coat;
When blue-ey'd Patty near his window came, The dustman's cart offends thy clothes and eyes, His anvil rests, his forge forgets to flame,
| When through the street a cloud of ashes flies: To hear his soothing tales, she feigns delays; But, whether black or lighter dyes are word, What woman can resist the force of praise ? 260 The chandler's basket, on his shoulder borne, 40 At first she coyly every kiss withstood,
With tallow spots thy coat; resign the way, and all ber cheek was flush'd with modest blood; To shup the surly butcher's greasy tray,
Butchers, whose hands are dy'd with blood's foul To seek amours; the vice the monarch lor'd 109
And ev'u the proudest goddess, now and then, The wall surrender to the hooded maid;
| Would lodge a night among the sons of men; Nor let thy sturdy elbow's hasty rage
To vulgar deities descends the fashion, Jostle the feeble steps of trembling age :
Fach like her betters, had her earthly passion. And when the porter bends beneath his load, [49 Then Cloacina' (goddess of the tide, And pants for breath, clear thou the crowded road. Whose sable streams beneath the city glide) But, above all, the groping blind direct ; . Indulg'd the modish flame; the town she rov'd, And from the pressing throng the lame protect, A mortal scavenger she saw, she lov'd;
You'll sometimes meet a fop, of nicest tread, The muddy spots that dry'd upon his face, Whose mantling peruke veils his empty head; Like female patches, heighten'd every grace: 120 At every step he dreads the wall to lose,
She gaz'd; she sigh’d; (for love can beauties spy And risks, to save a coach, his red-heeld shoes; In what seem faults to every common eye.) Him, like the miller, pass with cautiou by,
Now had the watchman walk'd his second round, Test from his shoulder clouds of powder fly. When Cloacina hears the rumbling sound. But, when the bully, with assuming pace,
Of her brown lover's cart (for well she knows Cocks his broad hat, edg'd round with tarnish'd That pleasing thunder): swift the goddess rose,
And through the streets pursu'd the distant noise, Yield not the way, defy his strutting pride,
Her bosom panting with expected joys. And thrust him to the muddy kennel's side ; | With the night-wandering harlot's airs she past, He never turns again, nor dares oppose,
| Brush'd near his side, and wanton glances cast;130 But mutters coward curses as he goes,
In the black form of cinder-wench she came, If drawn by business to a street unknown, | When love, the hour, the place, had banish’dshame; Let the sworn porter point thee through the town ; To the dark alley arm in arm they move: Be sure observe the signs, for signs remain,
O may no link-boy interrupt their love! Like faithful landmarks, to the walking train. When the pale Moon had nine times fill'd her Seek not from 'prentices to learn the way,
Where fam'd St. Giles's ancient limits spread, No cheerful gossip wish'd the mother joy,
Alone, beneath a bulk, she dropt the boy. 140 Here to seven strects seven dials count the day, The child, through various risks in years imAnd from each other catch the circling ray.
Knew all the prayers and whines to touch the Enters the narrow alley's doubtful maze, 80
heart. Tries every winding court and street in vain,
Oh happy unown'd youths! your limbs can bear. And doubles o'er his weary steps again.
The scorching dog-star, and the winter's air ; Thus bardy Theseus with intrepid feet
While the rich infant, nurs'd with care and pain, Travers'd the dangerous labyrinth of Crete;
Thirsts with each heat, and coughs with every rain ! But still the wandering passes forc'd his stay,
The goddess long had mark'd the child's distress, Till Ariadne's clue unwinds the way. .
And long had sought his sufferings to redress. 150 But do not thou, like that bold chief, confide. She prays the gods to take the fondling's part, Thy venturous footsteps to a female guide :
To teach his hands some beneficial art She'll lead thee with delusive smiles along,
Practis'd in streets: the gods her suit allow'd,
When waggish boys the stunted beesom ply, To cleanse the miry feet, and o'er the shoes
With nimble skill, the glossy black renew. Ere thou hast held their hands; some heedless Each power contributes to relieve the poor : flirt
With the strong bristles of the mighty boar Will overspread thy calves with spattering dirt. Diana forins his brush ; the god of day Where porters' hogsheads roll from carts aslope, A tripod gives, amid the crowded way 160 Or brewers down steep cellars stretch the rope, To raise the dirty foot, and ease his toil; Where counted billets are by carmen tost, Kind Neptune fills his vase with fetid oil Stay thy rash step, and walk without the post. Prest from th’enorinous whale; the god of fire, What though the gathering mire thy feet be From whose dominions smoky clonds aspire, , smear,
Among these generous presents joins his part, The voice of Industry is always near.
| And aids with soot the new japanning art. Hark! the boy calls thee to his destin'd stand, Pleas'd she receives the gifts ; she downward glides, And the shoe shines beneath his oily hand. Lights in Fleet-ditch, and shoots beneath the tides. Here let the Muse, fatigued amid the throng, Adorn her precepts with digressive song;
' Cloacina was a goddess, whose image Tatius Of shirtless youths the secret rise to trace,
(a king of the Sabines) found in the common And show the parent of the sable race.
shore ; and, not knowing what goddess it was, he Like mortal man, great Jove (grown fond of called it Cloacina, from the place in which it was change)
found, and paid to it divine honours. Lactant. l. Of old was wont this nether world to range, I 20. Minuc. Fel. Oct. p. 232.