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can be traced to him as their fountain. Finally, Regenerating grace sees the affections fo firmly on God, that the man is disposed, at God's command, to quit his hold of every thing else, in order to keep his. hold of Christ; to hate father and mother, in comparison with Christ, Luke xiv 20. It makes even lawful enjoyments like Jofeph's mantle, to hang loose about a mair; that he may quit them when he is in hazard to be ensnared by holding them. ' .
If the stream of our affections was never thus turned; we are, doubtless, going down the stream into le pit. If the luft of the eye, the luft of the flesh, and the pride of life, have the throne in our hearts, which should be possessed by the Father, Son, and holy Ghoit; if we never had so much love to God, as to ourselves; if fin has been somewhat bitter to us, but never so bitter as suffering, never so bitter as the pain of being weaned froin it: truly we are strangers to this saving change. For grace turns the affections upside-down, when. ever it comes into the heart."
Fourihly, The conscience is renewed. Now, that a new light is set , up in the soul in regeneration; conscience is enlightned, initructed, and informed That candle of the Lord, (Prov xx. 27.) is now snuffed and brightned ; so as it thines, and sends forth its light into the most retired corners of the heart; discovering lins which the soul was not aware of before : and, in a special manner, discovering the corruption or depravity of 'nature, that feed and spawn whence all actual lins proceed. This produces the new complaint, Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? That conscience, which lay sleeping in the man's bofoin before, is now awakened, and makes its voice to be heard through the whole soul : and therefore there is no more reit for him in the Iluggard's bed'; he must get up and be doing, arise, haste and escape for his life. It'; powerfully incites to obedience ; even in the most spiritual acts, which lay not within the view of the natural conscience; and powerfully restrains from sin, even from these fins which do not ly open to the obfervation of the world. It urgeth the sovereign authority of God, to, which the heart is now reconciled, and which it willingly acknoir. ledges ; and so it engageth the man to his duty, whatever be the hazard from the world; for it fills the heart fo with the fear of God, that the force of the fear of man is broken. This hath engaged many to put their life in their hand, and follow the cause of religion they once contemned, and resolutely walk in the path they formerly abhorred, Gal. i. 23. He which perfecuted us in times past, now preacheth the faith.
which once he destroyed. Guilt now makes the conscience to smart... į It hash bitter remorse for sins past, which fills the soul with anxiety,
forrow and self-loathing. And every new reflexion on these fins, is. apt to affect, and make its wounds bleed afresh with regret. It is, inade tender, in point of sin and duty, for the time to come ; being oncc burnt, it dreads the fire ; and fears. to break the hedge, where it was formerly kit by the serpent. Finally, The renewed conscience
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142. The Memory bettered by Grace. State III. drives the finner to Jesus Christ, as the only physician that can draw out the sting of guilt, and whose blood alone can purge the conscience trom dead works, Heb. ix. 14. refusing all ease offered to it from any other hand. And this is an evidence, that the conscience is not only fired, as it may be in an unregenerare state ; but oiled also with regenerating grace.
Fifthly, As the Memory wanted not its fare of depravity, it is also bettered by regenerating grace. The memory is weakned with re. fpect to those things that are not worth their room therein; and inen are taught to forget injuries, and drop their resentments ,Mat, V.44,45. Do good to them that kate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you,-That ye may be (i.e. appear to be) the children of your Father which is in heaven. It is strengthned for spiritual things. We have Solomon's receipt for an ill memory, Prov. iii. 1. My fon, faith he, forget not my law, But how thall it be kept in mind Let thine heart keep my commandments. Grace makes a heart-memory, even where there is no good head-memory, Pfal. cxix. 11. Thy word have I hid in mine heart. The heart truly touched with the powerful sweetness of truth, will help the memory to retain what is so relithed. 'Did divine. truths make deeper impressions on our hearts, they would thereby impress themselves with more force on our memories, Pfal.cxix. 93. I will never forget thy precepts, for with them thou hast quickned me. Grace sanctifies the memory. Many have large, but unsanctified memories; which serve only to gather knowledge, whereby to aggravate their condemnation; but the renewed memory serves to remem. ber bis commandments to do them, Psal. ciii. 18. It is a sacred store. house, from whence a Christian is furnished in his way to Zion: for faith and hope are often supplied out of it, in a dark hour. It is the store-house of former experiences; and these are the believer's way. marks, by noticing of which he comes to know where he is, even in a dark time, Pfal. xlii. 6. O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, &c. It also helps the soul to godly sorrow and self-loathing, presenting old guilt anew before the conscience; and making it bleed afrelh, tho' the fin be already pardoned, Psal. xxv. 7. Remember not the sins of my youth. And where unpardoned guilt is lying on the sleeping conscience, it is cften employed to bring in a word, which in a moment sets the whole foul astir : as when Peter remembered the words of Jesus,-be went cut and wept bitterly, Matth. xxvi. 75. The word of God laid up in a fanctified memory, serves a man to resist temptations, puts the sword in his hand against the spiritual enemies, and is a light to direct his steps in the way of religion and righteousness.
Sixthly, There is a change made on the Body, and the members thereof, in respect of their use: they are consecrated to the Lord. Even the Body ism-for the Lord, 1 Cor. vi. 13. It is the temple of the holy Ghost, ver. 19. The members thereof, that were formerly inftruments of unrighteousness unto fin, become instruments of righte
oufness unto God, Rom. vi. 13. Servants to righteousness unto holiness, ver. 19. The eye that conveyed sinful imaginations into the heart, is under, a covenant, Job xxxi. to do so no more; but to serve the soul in viewing the works, and reading the word of God. The ear that had often been death's porter to let in sin, is turned to be the gate of life, by which the word of life enters the foul. The tongue that set on fire the whole course of nature, is restored to the office it was designed for by the Creator; namely, to be an instrument of glorifying him, and setting forth his praise. In a word, the whole man is for God, in soul and body, which by this blessed change are made his. · Lastly, This gracious change thines forth in the conversation: Even the outward man is renewede A new heart makes.newness of life. When the King's daughter is all glorious within, her cloathing is, of wrought gold, Psal. xlv. 13. The single eye makes the whole body full of light, Matth. vi. 22. This change will appear in every part of one's conversation, particularly in these following things. "1. In the change of his company. Tho' sometime he despised the company of the saints, now they are the excellent in whom is all his delight, Psal. xvi. 3. I am a companion of all that fear thee, faith the royal Psalmist, Pfal. cxix. 63. A renewed man joins himself with the saints: for he and they are like minded, in that which is their main work and business; they have all one new nature; they are travelling to Immanuel's land, and converse together in the language of Canaan. In vain do men pretend to religion, while ungodly company is their ehoice; for a companions of fools fall be destroyed, Prov. xiii. 20. Religion' will make a man fhy of throwing himself into an ungodly family, or any unnecessary fainiliarity with wicked men; as one that is clean, will beware of going into an infected house.
2. In his relative capacity, he will be a new man. Grace makes men gracious in their several relations, and natively leads them to the conscientious performance of relative duties. It does not only make good men, and good women; but makes good subjects, good husbands, good wives, children, servants, and in a word, good relatives in the church, common-wealth, and family. It is a just exception made against the religion of many; namely, that they are bad relatives, they are ill husbands, wives, masters, servants, &c. How will we prove ourselves to be new creatures, if we be still just such as we were before, in our feveral relations, 2 Cor. v. 17. Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold all things are become new. Real godliness will gain a testimony to a man, from the consciences of his nearest relations, tho' they know more of his sinful infirmities, than others do; as we see in that case, 2 Kings iv. 2. Thy fervant, my husband, is dead, and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Lord.
3. In the way of his following his worldly business, there is a great change. It appears to be no more his all, as some time it was. Tho?
Saints apply themselves to worldly business, as well as others; yet their hearts are not swallowed up in it. It is evident they are carry. ing on a trade with heaven, as well as a trade with earth, Philip. iii 20. For our conversation is in heaven. And they go about their employ. ment in the world as a duty laid upon them by the Lord of all; doing their lawful business, as the will of God, Eph. vi. 7. working, because he has said; Thou shalt not steal.
4. They have a special concern for the advancement of the king, dom of Chriit in the world: they efpouse the interests of religion, and prefer Jerusalem above their chief joy, Psal, cxxxvii. 6. How privately foever they live, grace makes them of a public spirit, which will concern itfelt in the ark and work of God; in the gospel of God; and in the people of God; even thele of them whom they never saw in the face. As children of Goil, they naturally care for these things. They have a ne:v and unwonted concern for the spiritual good of others. And no foorrr do they taste of the power of grace themselves, but they are inclined to set up to be agents for Christ and holiness, in this world; as, appears in the case of the woman of Samaria, who, when Christ had manifested himself to her, went her way into the city, and faith unio the men, Come, fie a man which told me all things that ever I did! Is not this the Chrift? John iv. 28, 29. They have seen and felt the evil of lin, and therefore pity the world lying in wicked. ness. They would fain pluck the brands ont of the fire, remembring that they themselves were plucked out of it. They will labour fo commend religion to others, both by word and example, and rather deny themselves their liberty in indifferent things, than by the uni charitable use of it, destroy others, 1 Cor. viii. 13 Wherefore, if miat make my brother 10 offind, I will eat no flesh wi.ile the world standeth, left I make my brother to offend
5. In their ule of lawful comforts, there is a great change They rest not in them, as their end; but use them, as means to help them in their way. They draw their satisfaction from the higher springs, even while the lower springs are running. Thus Hannah having obtained a son, rejoiced not so much in the gift, as in the giver, 1 Sam. ii. i And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the Lord. Yea, when the comforts of life are gone, they can subsist without them, and rejoice in the Lord, altho' the fig-tree do not h!ofom, Hab. iii. 17, 18. Grace teacherh to use the conveniences of a present life paflingly; and to thew a holy moderation in all things. The heart, which formerly immersed itself in these things without fear, is now Thy of being over-much pleased with them; and being apprehensive of danger, uses them warily: as the dogs of Es pe run while they lap their water out of the river Nile, for fear of the crocodiles that are in it.
Lastly, This change thines forth in the man's performance of re. ligious duties. He who lived in the neglect of them, will do so no more, if once the grace of God enter into his heart. If a man be new-born, he will deure the sincere milk of the word, i Pet. ii. 2.
Whenever the prayerless person gets the Spirit of grace, he will be in hiin a Spirit of supplication, Zech. xii. 10. It is as natural for one that is born again to fall a-praying, as for the new-born babe to fall a-crying, Acts ix. II. Behold, he prayeth. His heart will be a temple for God, and his house a church. His devotion, which before was
superficial and formal, is now spiritual and lively, forasmuch as heart ; and tongue are touched with a live.coal from heaven; and he rests
not in the mere performing of duties, as careful only to get his talk done; but in every duty seeking communion with God in Christ, justly considering them as means appointed of God for that end, and reckoning hiinfelf disappointed if he miss of it. Thus far of the nature of regeneration.
The Resemblance betwixt natural and spiritual generation.. . II. I come to thew why this change is called regeneration, a being born again. It is so called, because of the resemblance betwixt 'natu. ral and spiritual generation, which lies in the following particulars.
Fi.lt, Natural generation is a inysterious thing: and so is spiritual generation, John ïïi. 8. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the found thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: So is every one that is born of the Spirit. The work of the Spirit is felt, but his way of working is a mystery we cannot comprehend. A new light is let into the mind, and the will is renewed; but how that light is conveyed thither, how the will is fettered with cords of love, and how the rebel is made a willing captive, we can no more tell, than we can tell, how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child, Eccles. xi. 5. As a man hears the sound of the wind, and finds it stirring ; but knows not where it begins, and where it ends; so is every one that is born of the Spirit : he finds the change that is made upon him, but how it is produced, he knoweth not. One thing he may know, that whereas he was blind, now he seeth: but the feed of grace doth spring and grow up, he knoweth not how, Mark iv. 26,27,
Secondly, In both, the creature comes to a being, it had not before. The child is not, till he be generate; and a man has 110 gracious being, no being in grace, till he be regenerate. Regeneration is not lo much the curing of a sick man, as the quickning of a dead man, Eph.. ii. 1, 5. Man in his depraved state is a mere non-entity in grace: and is brought into a new being, by the power of him, who calleth things that be not, as though they were; being created in Jesus Christ unto good works, Eph. ii. 10. Therefore our Lord Jesus, to give ground of hope to the Laodiceans, in their wretched and miserable state, proposeth himself as the beginning of the creation of God, Rev. iii. 14. Namely, the active beginning of it; for all things were made by him at first, John i. 3. From whence they might gather, that seeing he made th-3 when they were nothing, he could make them over again, when worse than nothing; the same hand that made them his creatures, could make chem new creatures.