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Selections from

OBSERVATIONS ON MODERN GARDENING

by

Thomas Whately

London

1801

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INTRODUCTION

I. Gardeninc, in the perfection to which it has been lately brought in England, is ontitled to a place of considerable ranl: aniont the liboral arts. It is es superior to landslip painting, as a I'oulity to a represontation: it is an exertion of fucy, a cubject for tusto; and heing released now from the resunints of i'?["llarity, and enlaiced beyond the purposes of conestic convenience, the cost beautiful, the Lost simple, the rost noble scenes oi natulo 4o ull within its province: for it is no longer confined to the corts ITO!I which it borro':S its none, but romulates also the disposition and e. bellishnients of a park, a for, or a riding; and the businxs of a cardoner is to slcct and to apply whatover is croat, el cant or characteristic in any 1 them; to discover and to shen all the advantaces of the place upon which ho is employed; to supply its defects, to correct its faults, and to improve its hearties. For these operations, the objects of nature are still his only materials. His first ongiry, therefore, must be into the mans hy which thioso errects IE attained in nature, which he is to produce; and into those properties in the chects of rature, which should deterine hili in the choice and arrancezent 0.2 then.

rature, always simple, crploys but four materials in the corosition of her sconos, proind, wood, water, and locks. he cultivation of nature has introduced a lifth species, the buil?incs requisite for the accommodation of rion. ach of those grain ac uit of varioties in their fievre, dironsions, colour, en situation, Lycry landskip 13 composed of these parts only; evory howity in a landskip iconis on the application of t?oir several varietios.

OT GROUND

IT. The shape of cround must be either a convex, & concave, or a plane; in ters loss technical called a swell, a hollor, ani a levol. Ry combinations of these are formed all the iiremilaritis of which Cround is capable; and the beauty of it depends on the decrco3 ani te proportions in which they are blended.

Both the convex and the concave are foriis in thonselv 0%. ONO variety than a rlene: eitirer of them ray therefore be ac itt?? 105 greater extent t'? an can :o allorethe ot'or; but lotels aro therefore titally inatissit19. The proference in 'ustly shyn 1) the in the old cardens, where they prevailed allost in exclusion of every other form, has raised a nealce grainst t'ien. It is frecuently reckoned an excellonca in aring One Tone, that every tho 12 st part of it is unoven; but thon it "ants one or the three coat For!..4,105 of cround, which may 30:10ti ros be inter: ixel with the other two. Contle conouve declivity falls and spre casily na ?lat; the channels betwen sevgral shells doc onerato into ero cuttors, 11 sole

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