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periments will support the principle, if they are made on lantations not very small, nor too close to the eye: the several parts ney then be shortened or lengthoned, and the variety of the outline inproved by a judicious arrancement of Ercons.

XVI. Other effects arising from nixtures of (rcons will occasion -ally present themselves in the disposition of wood, which is the next consideration. Tood, as a {eneral terni, comprehenås all trees and shrubs in whatever disposition; but it is specifically appliud in a 1101e limited sonso, and in that sonce I shall now use it.

very plantation must be uitler a wood, a crove, a clump, or a starte tree.

A wood is composod both of trees and underwood, covering a considerable space. A Clove consists of troes without underwood; a clup differs froin eithor only in extent; it may be either close or open; when close, it is souietimos called a thiolet; when open, a troupe of trees; but both are equally clumps, whatever be the shape or situation.

XVII. One of the noblest objects in nature is the surface of a large thick wood, commanded from an eminence, or soen from below hancinc on the side of a hill. The latter is cenerally the more interosting object: its aspirine situation gives it an air of creatness; its termination is commonly the horizon: and indeed if it is deprived of that splendid boundayr, if the brow appears above it, (unless some very peculia effect characterises that brow), it 103 08 much of its racnificence; it is inferior to a wood which covers a less hill from the top to the bottom; for a whole space filled is seldom little: but a wood col. anded from an erinence is Eenerally no more than a part of the scene below; and its boundary is often inadequate to its creatness. To continue it, therefore, till it win.ls out of sicht, or loses itself in the horizon, is generally desireable; but then the varieties of its surface crow confused as it retires; while those of a hancing wood are all distinct; the furthest parts are held up to the oye; and nuno are at a distance, tiouch tho whole be extensive.

The varieties of a surface are eseential to the boarity of it; a continued smooth-shaven level of foliace is neither acrocable nor natural; the different Erowths of trees comuconly break it in reality, and their shadows still more in appearance. These shades cre 30 many tints, which undulating about the surface, are its croatest elibellish ont; and such tints may be produced with noro effect, and 1.010 curtainty, by a judicious wixture of treens; at the same time an acditional variety may be introduced, by croupinc and contrastine trees very different in shape from each other: and whethor variety in tho creens or in the fons be the desien, the exocution is often casy, and seldom to a certain decree impossible. In raisinr a young wood it may be perfect; in old woods there are many spots which may be either thinnod or thickened; and there the characteristic distinctions should deter ine what to plant, or which to leave; at the least will ofton point out those wich, as blenishes, ought to be tako i away; and the roloval of two or three trees will sometimos accomplish the desin, The number of beautiful forlis,

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