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OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM, AND PROFESSOR OF CHINESE AT

KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION
APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING

CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

LONDON.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE,
NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE, CHARING CROSS;

4, ROYAL EXCHANGE; AND 48, PICCADILLY.

NEW YORK : POTT, YOUNG, & co.

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WYMAN AND SONS, PRINTERS, GREAT QUEEN STREET,

LINCOLN'S-INN FIELDS, W.C.

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PREFACE,

The present volume contains a new survey of wide subjects for inquiry. The number of native authors whose writings it would be necessary to master in the preparation of a work de novo on Confucianism and Taouism is so great that it renders the accomplishment of such a task by any one author next to impossible. It has been necessary therefore for me to take advantage of the labours of preceding European workers in the separate fields, as well as of Chinese writers not previously consulted. In the first category I have to acknowledge the very material assistance I have derived from Legge's “Chinese Classics," Faber's “Systematic Digest of the Doctrines of Confucius," translated from the German by P. G. Von Moellendorf; Johnson's “ Oriental Religious China”; Watters' “Lao-tzu”; “The Speculations of the old Philosopher,' Lau-tsze,” by Chalmers; Julien's “Le Livre de la Voie et de la Vertu”; and “Le Livre des Récompenses et des Peines," by the same Author.

References to the native works above alluded to will be found in the foot-notes.

ROBERT K. DOUGLAS.

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