« הקודםהמשך »
Holy Ghost; teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. And, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world ; Amen.” (Matt. xxviii. 18-20.)
“ Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you; as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you: and when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said, Receive ye the Holy Ghost : Whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained.” (John xx. 21.)
Even of the seventy it is said, “He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me.” (Luke x. 16.) And to the twelve, “ He that receiveth you, re
• ceiveth me,” &c. (Matt. x. 40.)
“Delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, to whom now I send thee, to open their eyes." (Acts xxvi. 17.)
“ For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received,” &c. (1 Cor. xv. 3.)
) “ For I received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you.” (1 Cor. xi. 23.)
"Let a man so account of us as of the ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.” (1 Cor. iv. 1, 2.)
" But I certify you, brethren, that the Gospel which was preached of me, is not after man; for I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the Revelation of Jesus Christ.” (Gal. i. 11, 12.)
“Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me-Feed my Lambs." (John xxi. 15-17.)
“I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven." (Matt. xvi. 19.)
“ As thou hast sent me into the world.” (John xvii. 18; see John xiii. 16. 20.)
“Shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, that he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell.” (Acts i. 24, 25.)
Paul, an apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father.” (Gal. i. 1.)
“ After he through the Holy Ghost, had given command
ment to the apostles whom he had chosen ; to whom also he presented himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” (Acts ii. 2.)
They continued stedfast in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship,” &c. (Acts ii. 42.)
“ He gave some apostles, some prophets," &c. (Eph. iv.
First apostles, secondarily prophets," &c." are all apostles ?" &c. (1 Cor. xii. 28, 29.)
Being built upon the foundation of the apostles," &c. (Ephes. ii. 20.)
" That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandments of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour.” (2 Peter iii. 2.)
“ Send men to Joppa, and call for Simon, &c. and he shall tell thee,” &c. (Acts X. 5.)
They that will not take all this plain evidence of Scripture for a proof of this first proposition, I suppose would not be ever the more moved by it, if I should be so needlessly tedious, as to stay to fetch arguments from each text.
2. The apostles exercised such power as the proposition mentions, and God set to it the seal of miracles. Therefore such a power or office was given them by Christ.
The consequence is undeniable. The antecedent of this enthymeme is so plainly expressed in Scripture, that I am loath to take up much of my own or the reader's time, in proving so known a thing.
They founded the churches; they delivered them the doctrine and commands of Christ; they settled the churches, as to officers, orders, and discipline, according to Christ's commands and the Spirit's determinations : Thus they ordained the new office of deacons, and deaconesses or widows; and they ordained them elders in every church, or city, and they determined of church-controversies: and gave the church decrees, and delivered the will of Christ about the sacrament, church-assemblies, prophecyings, &c. (Acts ii.; xiv. 23; vi. 3, 4, &c.; 1 Tim. iii.; Titus i.; Acts xv.; 1 Cor. xi.; xiv., &c.)
. & 3. That all Christians (save heretics) did acknowledge their power, and acquiesce in their decrees and conduct, being a matter of fact needs no other proof, than the
common history of former ages, and practice of this. Which are so well known, that I will not injure the reader by proving it.
PROP. 2. Christ promised his Spirit to his Apostles, to enable
them to do, what he had commissioned them to do, by leading them into all truth, and bringing his words and deeds to their
remembrance, and by guiding them as his Church's Guides. In the Old Testament it is prophesied and promised, “ And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.” (Jer. iii. 15.)
See all the texts that promise the pouring out of the Spirit, Isa. xliv. 3 ; Ezek. xxxvi. 27; xxxvii. 14 ; xxxix. 29; Joel ii. 28, 29; which were principally fulfilled on the apostles.
“And behold I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.” (Luke xxiv. 49.)
“ But when the Advocate is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, he shall testify of me: and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.” (John xv. 26, 27.)
“ It is expedient for you, that I go away ; for if I go not away; the Advocate will not come unto you: but if I depart, I will send him unto you I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth. For he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak; and he shall shew you things to come. He shall glorify me; for he shall receive of mine. Therefore said I that he shall take of mine, and shew it unto you.” (John xvi. 7. 12–15.)
“ I have given to them the words which thou gavest me, and they have received them. Sanctify them through thy truth; thy word is truth. As thou hast sent me into the world, so have I sent them also into the world; and for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.” (John xvii. 8. 17, 18.)
Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you alway even unto the end of the world.” (Matt. xxviii. 20.)
“ And being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me, both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost parts of the earth.” (Acts i. 4. 8.)
By these texts it is most evident, that Christ promiseth the apostles an extraordinary Spirit, or measure of the Spirit, so to enable them to deliver his commands, and execute their commission, as that he will own what they do by the guidance thereof; and the churches may rest upon it as the
; infallible Revelation of the Will of God.
Prop. 3. Christ performed all these Promises to his Apostles,
and gave them his Spirit to enable them for all their Commismissioned Work.
This is proved both from the fidelity of Christ, and from the express assertions of the Scripture. “He is faithful that hath promised.” (Heb. x. 23.) • God that cannot lie, hath promised.” (Titus i. 2.) "As God is true” (2 Cor. i. 18.) ) “How long, O Lord, holy and true--" (Rev. vi. 10.)." He
“ was called Faithful and True-"(Rev. xix. 11.) “Let God be true, and every man a liar” (Rom. iii. 4.) " He that believeth not God, hath made him a liar.” (1 John v. 10.)
“ He breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost.” (John xx. 22.)
Acts ii. containeth the narrative of the coming down of the Holy Ghost upon them, at large.
“It seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us.-” (Acts xv, 28.)
“ God also bearing them witness, both with signs and
wonders, and with divers mighty works, and distributions of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will." (Heb. ii. 4.)
“ The things which are now reported unto you, by them that have preached the Gospel unto you, by the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven- (1 Peter i. 12.)
“ Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God, so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the Gospel of Christ.” (Rom. xv. 19.)
Read all the texts in Acts and elsewhere, that speak of all the apostles' miracles, and their giving of the Holy Ghost, &c; and 1 Cor. vii. 40; Acts iv. 8.31; v. 3; vi. 3; vii. 51. 55; viii. 15. 17-19; ix. 17; x. 44, 45. 47; xi. 15, 16. 24; xiii. 2. 4. 9. 52; xvi. 6; Rom. v. 5; ix. 1; 1 Cor. ii. 13; 2 Tim. i. 1. 14; 1 Cor. xii; Ephes. iv. 7, 8, &c.; and iii. 5. But this proposition is confessed by all Christians.
PROP. 4. The Apostles did actually separate and appoint the
First Day of the Week for Holy Worship, especially in Church
Assemblies. HERE the reader must remember, that it is mere matter of fact, that is to be proved in the proof of this proposition ; and that all till this, is clearly and undeniably proved; so that the whole controversy resteth upon the proof of the fact, That indeed the apostles did set apart this day for ordinary (public) worship.
And in order to the fuller proof of this, I have these subordinate propositions to prove.
Prop. 1. ' Matter of past fact is to be known to us by history,' (written, verbal or practical.)
This is evident in the nature of the thing. History is the narration of facts that are past. We speak not of the fact of mere natural agents, but of moral human facts. It may be known without history what eclipses there have been of the sun ; what changes of the moon, &c; but not what in particular morals have been done by man.
The necessity of other distinct ways of knowledge, are easily disproved. 1. It need not be known by Divine supernatural revelation. Otherwise no men could know what