« הקודםהמשך »
sumed grandeur and artifice; and comfort is to be afforded against its terrors. For this reason, the papal horn is again produced to view, under the symbol of the great harlot, the corrupt Babylon* With this branch of Antichrist, the battles of the Church are principally to be fought. As in the Apocalypse, so in the Prophecies of Daniel, the blow of the stone strikes this part of the beast; the toes and legs of the image; the Western, the European Roman empire; that blow, which is to break the whole of Antichrist to pieces; when the stone itself will become a great mountain, a kingdom of everlasting righteousness, and fill the whole earth .
Ver. 18. The number of the beast.] I have not been able to devise any plausible interpretation of this number. The verse which contains it being wanting in some of the MSS., I bad entertained some suspicion, that it did not belong to the true text; but it appears upon enquiry to be genuine. The early comment of Irenæus upon it, appealing to ancient MSS. for the genuine reading, (ad fin. lib. v.) stamps it with great authority. And I do not find that any of the commentators since his time have produced any more probable conjectures than that of this Father. The word Lateinos was first produced by him: and modern commentators adhere to it I. Others compute the number of the beast from the time of the vision, seen by Saint John in Patmos; and thus bring the 666 years to the year of our Lord 756, or 758, when the Pope obtained his temporal power. I confess myself far from satisfied with any of the methods hitherto produced for solving this difficulty.
* Ch. xvii.
+ Dan. vi. See Bishop Newton, &c. on this passage,
i Kai sidov, xai
1 And I looked, and lo! ιδε το αρνίον έση
the Lamb, standing xos ini toogos
on the mountain Sion, Σιών, και μετ' αυτό
and with him an bun. ( Enalov
dred and forty-four Τεσσαρακοντα τέσσαρες χι
thousand, having his λιάδες, έχεσαι το
name, and the name όνομα αυτά, και το
of his Father, written όνομα τα σαθρός
upon their foreheads. avtš yergapuivos 2 And I heard a voice
επί των μελώπων from heaven, as a voice 4 αυτών. Και ήκεσα of many waters, and as Owrite is to sgavā,
a voice of loud thunως φωνήν υδάτων der ; and the voice πολλών, και ως φωνής
which I heard as of βρονης μεγάλης και harpers playing on η φωνή ήν ήκεσα ως 3 their harps. And they κιθαρωδών κιθαριζόν sing, as it were, a new
των εν ταϊς κιθάραις song, before the throne, 3 αυτών. Και άδοσιν
and before the four as a dnu naume ivw living-creatures, and πιον το θρόνα, και
the elders; and no one ενώπιον των τεσσά was able to learn the εων ζώων, και των
song, except the hun
1 And I looked, and lo,
a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's
name written in their 2 forebeads. And I heard
a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, aud
as the voice of a great tbun. der : and I heard the voice of harpers harp
ing with their barps : 3 And they sung as it
were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders; and no man could learn that song,
but the bun. dred and forty and four thousand, which were
dred and forty-four idris noivado fabrir thousand, the redeem
in won, i unai ed from the earth. ixziùs trocápzxovla 4 These are they who τίσσαρις χιλιάδες, , have not been defiled
οι ήγορασμένοι από with women, for they 4 this yns. On Toitia
are virgins ; these are σιν, οι μιλα γυναι they who follow the κών κιμολύνθησαν: Lamb whithersoever παρθένοι γάς είσιν he goeth; these were τοί εισιν οι ακολο
redcemed from among θελες το αρνίν όπε men, a first-fruit unto ay máy gros niyo God and to the Lamb; ράσθησαν από τον
5 And in their mouth ανθρώπων, απαρχή
was found no guile, το Θεό και το αρνίν for they are spotless. 5 Και εν τω σόμαλι αυτών έχ ευρέθη
e os αμωμοι
redeemed from the 4 earth. These are they
which were not dehled with women; for the are virgins: these are they which follow the Lamb whithersperer he goeth: these were redeemed from among men, being the first
fruits unto God, and 5 to the Lamb. And in
their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault beforo the throne of God.
Ver. 1-4. The Lamb-on mount Sion, and with him,-&c.] The seventh Trumpet had already sounded, and a general view of its blissful effects, in restoring the kingdom to the Messiah and his followers, had been afforded *. The conflict is now to be expected. But before the battle takes place, the battlearray is to be viewed. The enemies of Christ and of his Church, the dragon, the beast, the false prophet
, have been exhibited in the two last chapters. But “ when the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spi“rit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him, s and the Redeemer shall come to Zion t.” During the alarming progress of the antichristian powers, the Christian forces are not idle and unemployed. The vision proceeds to exhibit their efforts to check, Ch. xi. 15.
+ Isaiah, lix. 19. 20.
and at length finally subdue, the enemies of the Church. The Lamb
appears upon Mount Sion, upon the place of true religious service t; the site of the heavenly Jerusalem ; the seat of the throne of the Messiah I. He comes attended by his Church; by the hundred-and-forty-four thousand, who had been sealed as “ Israelites indeed g.” He comes in the likeness of his suffering state, leading his followers to conquer by suffering ll, not yet by his vengeance.
This then appears to be the true, persecuted, and suffering Christian Church, which throughout the reign of the dragon, beast, and false prophet, refuses to worship the image, and receive the mark of the beast. These are marked holy unto God ; the precious price of Redemption has not been paid for them in vain 1. And “there is joy in heaven," on beholdiog their array. The voice of Deity from the throne, awful and sublime **, acknowledges them ; the heavenly chorus breaks forth into songs of praise and exultation. They sing “a new song tt,” the song of the Lamb, a song mysterious, unfit for impure and worldly ears II ; in which those only can be initiated who are pure and faithful : and the delights of the heavenly harmony are unutterable; none know“eth, but he that receiveth it Ø§.”
Ver. 4, 5. These are they, who &c.] Here follows a description of that pure Church, which alone
* See note, ch. v. 6.
+ See note, ch. viii: 8. Psalm ii. 6. Heb. xii. 22. Isaiah ii. 23, &c. ; xi. 9, 10; lvi. 7. Ezek. xvii. 22, &c.; xx. 40, Micah iv. 1, 2. Luke iii. 5, 6.
See notes, cb. vii. || Note, ch. ii. 7. f 1 Cor. vi, 20. ** See notes, ch. i. 14. vi. 1. See note, ch. ii. 17.; iii. 12.
#1 itt, Bayor. 66 Rev. ii. 17.
Christ acknowledges for his own, during the usurpation of Autichrist. 'H yun signifies generally a married woman; the crime committed with such is adultery ; which may be taken, in a literal sense, to represent in general all the defilements of the flesh; or in a metaphorical sense, a woman is a Church, or congregation of religious persons *; which, keeping itselt
pure from idolatry, is styled a Virgin; but, defiled with such abomination, is denominated Harlot or Adulteress.
They called,” says Hegisippus, " the “ Church a Virgin, when it was not corrupted by « vain doctrines t." Every part of this description may be found applied in other places of Scripture :1. by Saint Peter; "they have escaped the corrup" tion that is in the world through lust I:” 2. by our Lord; “ follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth," that is, “take up their cross and follow him 0 :"3. by Saint Paul; are redeemed, "bought with a price 13" 4. by Saint James; "a kind of first fruits of God's "crcatures:” Lastly, “ speaking no deceit,” “ blame. "less before God **" And this description agrees nearly with that of the Prophet Zephaniah : “I will
leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor “people, and they shall trust in the name of the · Lord; the remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity,
nor speak lies, neither shall a deceitful tongue be " found in their mouth. They shall feed and lie “ down, and none shall make them afraid tt.
* See note, ch. ii. 20. + Euseb. Hist. Eccl. lib. iv. * 2 Pet. i. 4.
Matt. x. 38. lll i Cor. vi. 20.
James i. 18. ** 1 Pet. ii. 22.; iii. 10. 2 Pet. iii. 4. Phil. ii. 15. Luke i. 6. ++ Zeph, iii. 12, 13.