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periments will support the principle, if they are nade on plantations not very sinall, nor too close to the eye: the several parts nay then be shortened or lengthened, and the variety of the outline improved by a judicious arrangement of cruens.
CVI. Other effects arising from mixtures of (reens will occasion -ally present themselves in the disposition of wood, which is the next consideration, vood, as a teneral term, comprehends all trees and shrubs in whatever disposition; but it is specifically applied in a nore limited sense, and in that sense I shall now use it,
Every plantation must be piter a wood, a crove, a cl'imp, or a stände tree.
A wood is composed both of trees and underwood, covering a considerable space. A prove consists of trees without underwood; a clwp differs from either only in extent; it may be either close or open; when close, it is sometimes called a thic.cet; when open, a troupe of trees; but both are equally clumps, whatever be the shape or situation.
XVII. One of the noblest objects in nature is the surface of a large thick wood, commanded from an eminence, or seen from below hancing on the side of a hill. The latter is generally the more interesting object: its aspiring situation gives it an air of creatness; its ternination is commonly the horizon: and indeed if it is deprived of that splendid boundayr, if the brow appears above it, (unless some very pecilia effect characterises that brow), it loses much of its cagnificence; it is inferior to a wood which covers a less hill from the top to the bottom; for a whole space filled is seldom little: but a wood co...anded from an eninence is cenerally no more than a part of the scene below; and its boundary is often inadequate to its greatness. To continue it, therefore, till it winds out of sicht, or loses itself in the horizon, is generally desireable; but then the varieties of its surface crow confused as it retires; while those of a hancing wood are all distinct; the furthest parts are held up to the eye; and none are at a distance, through the whole be extensive.
The varieties of a surface are eseential to the boality of it; a continued smooth-shaven level of foliage is neither agreeable nor natural; the different growths of trees commonly break it in reality, and their shadows still nore in appearance. These shades are 30 nany tints, which undulating about the surface, are its createst eubellish nent; and such tints may be produced with more effect, and more certainty, by a judicious mixture of treens; at the sale time an additional variety ay be introduced, by crouping and contrasting trees very different in shape from each other: and whether variety in the creens or in the forms bo the design, the execution is often easy, and seldom to a certain degree impossible. In raising a young wood it may be perfect; in old woods there are many spots which may be either thinned or thickened; and there the characteristic distinctions should deter ine what to plant, or which to leave; at the least will often point out those wich, as blemishes, ought to be taken away; and the removal of two or three trees will sometimes accomplish the desi_n.
The number of beautiful foriis,