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fathers ate [manna,] and died. He that eateth of this 59 bread, shall live for ever.” He said these things in a *

synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum. 60 Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard

him, said, “ This is hard doctrine : who can understand 61 it ?” But when Jesus knew in himself that his disciples

murmured at this, he said unto them, “ Do ye revolt 62 at this t? What then if ye shall see the Son of man 63 going up where he was before ? It is the spirit that

giveth life; the flesh profiteth nothing || : the words

which I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life. 64 But there are some of you that believe not.” (For Jesus

knew from the beginning who they were that believed 65 not, and who was to deliver him up.) Then he said,

“ For this cause I said unto you, that none can come un

to me, unless it be given unto him by my Father." 66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and 67 walked no more with him. Jesus therefore said to the 68 twelve, “Will ye also depart ?" Simon Peter answered

him, “ Master, to whom shall we go? thou hast the 69 words of everlasting life : and we believe, and know, 70 that thou art the Holy One of God.” Jesus answered

• The synagogue, N. + " Doth this cause you to offend ?" N. See Wakefield.

This text is generally understood of a local ascent to a place from whence there had been a previous local descent. But this interpretation is not necessary, nor does it well suit the connexion. To ascend where he was before is, as, all interpreters agree, to ascend to heaven. But this phrase, as applied to the Son of man, means nothing more than “searching into the truths of God;" a sense in which Dr. Doddridge says that the phrase “ascending into heaven” is plainly used in many other places, and which indeed no one disputes. See ch. iii. 13, with Raphelius's and Doddridge's notes. The proper meaning therefore of this passage seems to be this: Do ye revolt at what I have now said ? What then would you do if I should advance still further into the subject of my mission; and reveal truths which would be still more remote from your apprehension, and more offensive to your prejudices ? See ch. xvi. 12.

I These words are a caution to his hearers not to understand his expressions literally but figuratively, q.d. The spiritual and figurative sense of my words is the only useful sense. If it were possible for you literally to feed upon my flesh, it would do you no good. I am not speaking of a natural life, supported by eating my flesh, but of a spiritual life, supported by my doctrine. See Bishop Pearce.

that thou art the Christ, the son of the living God, R. T.

them, “ Have not I chosen you twelve ? and yet one of 71 you is a false accuser*.” Now he spake of Judas Is

cariot, the son of Simon : for he was about to deliver Ch.him up, [being] one of the twelve. And after these $11.things Jesus walked in Galilee : for he would not walk

in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him. 2 Now the feast of the Jews, called the feast of taberna3 cles, was near. His brethren therefore said unto him,

“ Depart hence, and go into Judea ; that thy disciples 4 also may see the works which thou dost. For no man

doth any thing in secret, and yet he himself seeketh to be known publicly. If thou do these things, show thy5 self to the world.” (For neither did his brethren believe 6 in him.) [Then] Jesus saith unto them, “ My time is 7 not yet come : but your time is always ready. The world

cannot hate you ; but me it hateth, because I testify of it 8 that its works are evil. Go ye up to this feast : I go not

up now to this feast ; for my time is not yet fully come.” 9 When he had said these words unto them, he still remain10 ed in Galilee. But when his brethren had gone up, then

he also went up to the feast ; not openly, but as it were 11 in secret. Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and 12 said, “ Where is he?” And there was much murmuring

among the multitudes concerning him: and some said,

“ He is a good man :” others said, “ No: but he de13 ceiveth the people.” However, no man spake openly of

him, for fear of the Jews. 14 But when it was now about the midst of the feast, Je15 sus went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews

wondered, saying, “How hath this man learning, hav16 ing never been taught ?” Jesus answered them and said, 17 “My doctrine is not mine, but his who sent me. If any

man desire to do his will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it be from God, or whether I speak of 18 myself. Whoever speaketh of himself, seeketh his own

* in the original, a "* devil.”

glory: but whoever seeketh his glory who sent him, he 19 is true, and unrighteousness is not in him. Did not Mo

ses give you the law; and yet none of you keepeth the 20 law? Why seek ye to kill me?” The multitude answered

and said, “ Thou hast a demon: Who seeketh to kill 21 thee?” Jesus answered and said unto them, “I have 22 done one work, and ye all wonder at it.* Moses gave

you circumcision ; (not that it is from Moses, but from

the fatherst; and ye on the sabbath circumcise a man. 23 If a man on the sabbath receive circumcision, that the

law of Moses may not be broken; are ye angry with me,

because I made a man altogether well on the sabbath? 24 Judge not according to appearance ; but judge righteous 25 judgement.” Then some inhabitants of Jerusalem said, 26 “ Is not this he whom they seek to kill ? but, lo, he speak

eth boldly; and nothing is said unto him. Do the rulers 27 know indeed that this is the Christf? However, we know

whence this man is : but, when Christ cometh, none 28 knoweth whence he istt.”. Then Jesus cried out in the

temple, as he taught, saying, “Do ye both know me, and know whence I am || ? and yet I am not come of my

self, but he who sent me is true, whom ye know not. 29 But I know him: for I am from him, and he hath sent 30 me.” Then the Jews sought to apprehend him : yet no

man laid hands on him, because his hour was not yet 31 come. But many of the multitude believed in him, and

* Or, wonder. Concerning this matter, Moses, etc. Compare the Greek with Mark ri. 6: Rev xvii. 7: supposing the stop placed after doce T8T0.

+ These words have the appearance of a marginal annotation inserted in the text. N. # The very Christ, R. T.

tf It was a tradition of the Jews, that after the Messiah was born, he would be conveyed away and miraculously concealed, till Elias came to reveal and anoint him. See Whithy in loc. This tradition seems to be alluded to, Matt. xii. 38; xvi. 1; Mark vi. 11; Luke xi. 16; Matt. xxiv. 3. 30.

| Ye both know me, and ye know whence I am. N. See Doddridge, Campbell, Wakefield:

said, “ When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles

than [these] which this man hath done ?" 32 The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring such

things about him ; and the Pharisees and the chief-priests 33 sent officers to apprehend him. Jesus therefore said,

“ Yet a little time longer I shall be with you ; and then I 34 shall go to him who sent me. Ye will seek me, and will

not find me; and where I shall be, thither ye cannot 35 come.” The Jews therefore said among themselves,

“ Whither will this man go, that we shall not find him ?

will he go to the dispersed Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What words are these which he said, “ Ye will seek me,

and will not find me : and where I shall be, thither ye

cannot come ?"" 37 Now on the last day, which is the great day, of the

feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “ If any man 38 thirst, let him come to me, and drink. He who believe

eth in me, as the scripture hath said, from his belly shall 39 flow rivers of living water.” (Now he spake this of the

spirit, which those who believe in him were to receive :

for the Choly] spirit was not yet given, because Jesus 40 was not yet glorified.) Many of the multitude therefore,

when they heard these words, said, “ In truth this is a 41 prophet.” Others said, “ This is the Christ.” But others 42 said, “ Doth the Christ come out of Galilee? Hath not

the scripture said, that the Christ cometh of the offspring

of David, and from the town of Bethlehem, where David 43 was?” So there was a division among the multitude be44 cause of him. And some of them desired to apprehend

him: but none laid hands on him. 45 Then the officers came to the chief-priests and Phari

sees; who said unto them, “ Why have ye not brought 46 him ?" The officers answered, “ Never man spake like 47 this (man.)” Then the Pharisees answered them, “ Are 48 ye also deceived ? Hath any one of the rulers or of the 49 Pharisees believed in bim? but this multitude, who

VIII.

50 know not the law, are accursed.” Nicodemus saith unto

them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of 51 them, “ Doth our law judge any man, unless it first hear 52 him, and know what he doeth ?" They answered and

said unto him, “ Art thou also of Galilee ? Search and

see, that a prophet is not to arise from Galilee.” 53 *[Then every man went to his own house : but Jesus CH. went to the mount of Olives. And early in the morning he

came again into the temple, and all the people came to him ; 3 and he sat down and taught them. And the scribes and the

Pharisees bring to him a woman taken in adultery : and when 4 they had set her in the midst, they say unto him, " Teach

ert, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. 5 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be 6 stoned : what then sayest thou ?" Now they said this, try

ing him ; that they might have whereof to accuse him. But

Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground. 7 But when they continued asking him, he raised himself up,

and said unto them, “ Let him that is without sin among 8 you, first cast a stone at her.” And he again stooped 9 down, and wrote on the ground. But they, having heard

this, and being convicted by their conscience, went out one

by one, having begun at the elder, to the last : and Jesus 10 was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. Now

when Jesus raised himself up, and saw none but the woman,

he said unto her, “ Woman, where are those thine accusers? 11 hath no man condemned thee?” And she said, “ No man,

Sir." And Jesus said unto her, “ Neither do I condemn

thee : go, and sin no more.”] 12 Then Jesus spake again unto them, saying, “I am the

* This paragraph concerning the woman taken in adultery is wanting in the Alexandrian (see Woide's Preface), Vatican, Ephrem, and other manuscripts of great autho rity, and in the oldest copies of the Syriac version; and is not cited by Origen, Chrt. sostom, and other ancient ecclesiastical writers. It is found in the Cambridge manuscript, though with some variations from the received text. See Griesbach, who keeps it in his text; but with great hesitation,

† Master, N.

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