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he had stooped down, he beholdeth the linen bands lying by themselves*, and went home wondering at that which
was come to pass. 13 And, behold, two of the disciples went on that day to a
town called Emmaus ; which is distant from Jerusalem 14 about sixty furlongs. And they conversed together of all 15 these things which had happened. And it came to pass
that, while they conversed and reasoned, Jesus himself 16 drew near, and went with them. But their eyes were 17 holden t, that they might not know him. And he said
unto them, “what words are these which ye use one to 18 another as ye walk, and are of a sad countenance ?” And
one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answered and said unto him, “ Art thou the only sojourner in Jerusa
lem, that hast not known the things which are come 19 to pass there in these days ?” And he said unto them,
“ What things?” And they said unto him, “ Those con
cerning Jesus of Nazareth, that was a prophet mighty in 20 deed and word before God and all the people : and how
the chief.priests and our rulers delivered him up to be 21 condemned to death, and crucified him. But we trusted
that it was he who was about to redeem Israel. And be
sides all this, to-day is the third day since these things 22 were done. Moreover, some women also of our com
pany have amazed us ; who were early at the sepulchre, 23 and, when they found not his body, came, saying that
they had even seen a vision of angels, who said that he is 24 alive. And some of those who consort with us went to
the sepulchre, and found it so as the women had said 25 but him they saw not.” Then he said unto them, “ ()
unwise, and slow of heart to believe all which the pro
• Or, only the linen bands lying.
† They did not attentively view him; his dress was unusual ; they thought his appearance an impossibility; and the divine power may have restrained them from so beholding him as to know him. See Kypke. N.
Or, that this man was about to redeem.
26 phets have spoken! Ought not the Christ to have suffered 27 these things, and to enter into his glory?" * Then he
began and explained to them from Moses and all the
prophets, in all the scriptures, the things concerning 28 himself. And they drew near to the town whither they
were going ; and he made a show that he was going 29 further. But they constrained him ; saying, “ Abide with
us : for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." 30 And he went in to abide with them. And it came to pass
as he was at meat with them, that he took bread, and 31 blessed, and brake it, and gave it to them. And their
eyes were opened, and they knew him : and he ceased to 32 be seen by them. Then they said one to another, “ Did
not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us on
the way, and while he explained to us the scriptures ?” 33 And they rose up that very hour, and returned to Je
rusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and 34 those who consorted with them ; saying, “ The Lord is 35 risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.” And they
told the things which had happened on the way; and that
Jesus was known by them in the breaking of bread. 36 And while they were thus speaking, Jesus himself stood
in the midst of them, and saith to them, “ Peace be unto 37 you.” But they were terrified and affrighted, and sup38 posed that they beheld a spirit. And he said unto them,
6 Why are ye troubled ? and why do thoughts arise in 39 your hearts ? see my hands and my feet, that it is I my
self: handle me, and see me : for a spirit hath not flesh 40 and bones, as ye behold that I have.” And when he had 41 thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet. And
while they still believed not through joy, and wondered, 42 he said unto them, “ Have ye here any food ?” And they 44 And he said unto them, “ These are the words which
gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of a honey45 comb. And he took and ate of them in their presence.
* Or, Then he began from Moses, and went through all the prophets, and etc.
I spake unto you, while I was yet with you ; That all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of
Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concern45 ing me.” Then he opened their mind, that they might 46 understand the scriptures; and said unto them, “ Thus it
is written, and thus the Christ ought to suffer, and to rise 47 again from the dead the third day : and repentance and
remission of sins ought to be preached in his name among 48 all the nations, having begun from Jerusalem. And ye 49 are witnesses of these things.. And, behold, I will send
upon you the promise made by my Father : but stay ye* in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power
from on high." 50 And he led them out to Bethany ; and lifted up his 51 hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass that, while
he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried 52 up into heaven. And they did him obeisance, and re53 turned to Jerusalem with great joy : and were continually
in the temple, praising and blessing God. +
• So W. dwell, N. † The postscripts to Luke's history are various and uncertain. In some it is said, that the gospel according to Luke was written in Greek, and published at Alexandria ; others say at Rome, and others, more probably, in Achaia and Bæotia. It is added, is some copies, that it was written at the suggestion of the blessed Paul, fifteen years after the ascension of Christ.
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO
THE Word* was in the beginningt, and the Word was 2 with Godt, and the Word was a god it. This Word was 3 in the beginning with God ll. All things were done by
* The.Word.) " Jesus is so called, because God revealed himself, or lis word, by him." Newcome. The same title is given to Christ, Luke i. 2. For the same reason be is called the Word of life, 1 Johın i. 1. which passage is so clear and useful a comment upon the proem to the gospel, that it may be proper to cite the whole of it. " That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the Word of life ; for the Life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show unto you, that eternal Life which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us; that which we have seen and heard, declare we unto you.” By a similar metonymy Christ is called the Life, the Light, the way, the Truth, and the Resurrection. See Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.
† in the beginning. ] Or, from the first, i. e. from the commencement of the gospel dispensation, or of the ministry of Christ. This is the usual sense of the word in the writings of this evangelist. John vi. 64, Jesus knew from the beginning, or from the first; ch. xv. 27, ye have been with me from the beginning. See ch. svi. 14 ; ü. 24; iii, 11 ; also 1 John i. 1; ii. 7, 8; 2 John 6, 7. Nor is this sense of the word un common in other passages of the New Testament. 2 Thess. ii, 13; Phil. iv. 15; Luke i, 2.
I the Worl was with God.] He withdrew from the world to commune with God, and to receive divine instructions and qualifications previously to his public ministry. As Moses was with God in the mount, Exod. xxxiv. 28, so was Christ in the wilderness, or clsewhere, to be instructed and disciplined for his high and important office. See Cappe, ibid. p. 22.
#t and the Word was a god. ] “ was God," Newcome. Jesus received a commission as a prophet of the Most High, and was invested with extraordinary miraculous powers. Bui, in the Jewish phraseology, they were called gods to whom the word of God came. Jolun x. 35. So Moses is declared to be a god to Pharoah. Exod. vii. 1. Some translate the passage, God was the Word. q. d. it was not so properly he that spake to men, as God that spake to them by him. Cappe, ibid. See John x. 30, compared with xvii. 8, 11, 16 ; iii. 34 ; v. 23 ; xii. 44. Crellius conjectured that the true reading was 0£8, the Word was God's, q. d. the first teacher of the gospel derived his commission fiom God. But this conjecture, however plausible, rests upon no authority.
I was in the beginning with Garl.] Before he entereil upon his ministry he was fully in structed, by intercourse with God, in the nature and extent of his commission.
him; and without him was not any thing done that 4 hath been done. By him was lifet ; and the life was the s light of men. · And the light shone in darkness; and the
darkness overspread it nott. 6 There was a man sent from Godll, whose name was 7 John. This man came for a testimony, to testify of the 8 Light ; so that through him all might believe. He was 9 not that Light, but was sent to testify of that Light. That
was the true Light, which having come into the world is 10 enlightening every man ||II. He was in the world, and the
world was enlightened by him, and yet the world knew
• All things were done by him.) " All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.” Newcome : who explains it of the creation of the visible material world by Christ, as the agent and instrument of God. See his notes en ver. 3 and 10. But this is a sense which the word EYEVETO will not admit. rivomedi Beun upwards of seven hundred times in the New Testament, but never in the sense of crente. It signifies in this gospel, (where it occurs fifty-three times.) to be, to come, to become, to come to pass : also, to be done or transacted, chap. x. 7 ; xix. 36. It has the latter sense, Matt. v. 18 ; vi. 8 ; xxi. 42 ; xxvi. 6. All things in the christian dispensation were done by Christ, i. e. by his authority, and according to his direction ; and in the ministry committed to his apostles, nothing has been done without his warrant. See John xv. 4, 5, " Without me ye can do nothing." Compare ver. 7, 10, 16; John xvii. 8; Col. i. 16, 17. Cappe, ibid.
† By him was life.] " In him was life," Newcome. Christ was the revealer of life. *With bim were the words of eternal life ;" John vi. 68 ; 1 John v. 11. Hence he is sallal" the Word of Life," 1 John i. 1. " This Life," (i. e. Jesus, who is now called the Life, as he was before called the Word.) " was the light of men," the great instructer of mankind.
| the darkness overspread it net.] See ch. xii. 35. " Its lustre was not impaired by the darkness which surrounded it," Newcome. Or, " the darkness admitted it not." See ver. 10-12; ch. iii. 19.
| a man sent from God.] This illustrates ver. 1, 2. To be sent from God implies that he had been first with God. Cappe, ibid. p. 23.
fi thich coming into the world is enlightening every man.] " which enlighteneth Every man coming into the world," Newcome : but in his notes he gives the former interpretation; and refers to ch. iii. 19 ; xij. 46. This light is enlightening every man, not every individual, but every one who is willing to improve it : or rather is diffusing light without distinction, both over the Jewish and the Heathen world. Matt. sxvü. 19; John xii. 32; Col. i. 23 ; Rom. ü. 10; 1 Tim. ii. 4. Cappe, ibid. p. 48.
He was in the world.] He appeared in public as the prophet and messenger of God. John svïi. 18 ; xvii. 37.
*+ and the world was enlightened by him.] • xotuos di'auty eyeVeTo. The common version, adopted by Abp. Newcome, is, " the world was made by him," mean. ing that “the visible material world was created by him.” But this, as was observed before in the note on verse 3, is inadmissible, as the word fyEVETo never boars that