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23 ten may be fulfilled. But alas for them that are with
child, and for them that give suck in those days ! for
there will be great distress in the land, and anger upon 24 this people. And they will fall by the edge of the sword,
and will be led away captive into all nations : and Jeru
salem will be trodden down by the gentiles, until the 25 times of the gentiles be fulfilled. And there will be signs
in the sun and moon and stars ; and upon the earth dis
tress of nations, with perplexity ; the sea and the waves 26 roaring* ; men's hearts failing them for fear and expecta
tion of those things which are coming on the earth ; for 27 the powers of heaven will be shaken. And then they
will see the Son of man coming on a cloud with great
power and glory. 38 “ And when these things begin to be accomplished,
look up and raise your heads : for your redemption draw. 29 eth near.” And he spake to them a parable : “ Behold 30 the fig-tree, and all the trees : when they now shoot forth,
ye see them, and know of your ownselves that now the 31 summer is near. So likewise, when ye see these things
accomplishing, know ye that the kingdom of God is 32 near. Verily I say unto you, This generation will not 33 pass away till all be accomplished. Heaven and earth will pass away ; but my words cannot pass away.
“ But take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be oppressed by excess, and drunkenness, and the
anxious cares of this life ; and that day come upon you 35 unawares. For as a snare it will come upon all those 36 who dwell on the face of the whole land.
therefore and pray continually, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things, which will soon come to
pass ; and to stand before the Son of man." 37 And in the day-time he was teaching in the temple ;
and at night he went out of the city, and abode in the
* Or, through perplexity at the roaring sea and warrs.
38 mount which is called the mount of Olives. And early
in the morning all the people came to him in the temple,
to hear him. Ch. XXII. Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called
the passover, drew near. And the chief-priests and the scribes sought how they might safely destroy him : for
they feared the people. 3 Then Satan* entered into Judas surnamed Iscariot, 4 who was of the number of the twelve. And he went
and communed with the chief-priests and the captains
of the temple, how he might deliver Jesus up unto them. 5 And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money. 6 And he promised ; and sought for a convenient oppor
tunity to deliver Jesus up unto them, apart from the multitude.
Then came the day of unleavened bread, on which the 8 passover was to be killed. And Jesus sent Peter and
John, saying, “ Go and prepare for us the passover, that 9 we may eat it.” And they said unto him, “ Where wilt 10 thou that we prepare it ?” And he said unto them,
“ Behold, when ye are entered into the city, a man will
meet you, carrying a pitcher of water ; follow him into 11 the house where he goeth in. And ye shall say to the
owner of the house, ' The Teacher † saith unto thee,
Where is the guest-chamber, in which I may eat the pass12 over with my disciples?' And he will show you a large 13 upper room furnished : there make ready." And they
went, and found as he said unto them : and they made
ready the passover. 14 And when the hour was come, he placed himself at 15 table, together with the twelve apostlest. And he said
Satan, i. e. an evil disposition, a covetous spirit ; by which he expected to de fraud the priests and enemies of Jesus of a sum of money, by delivering his master into their hands ; who, he thought, no doubt, would easily escape from them. See the note on Luke xii. 16. + See Newcome's margin.
Gr. he reclined, and the twelve apostles with him.
unto them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this passover 16 with you before I suffer : for I say unto you, I shall
not any more eat of it, until it be fulfilled in the king
dom of God.” 17 And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and said, " Take 18 this, and divide it among yourselves : for I say unto you,
I shall not drink of the produce of the vine, until the
kingdom of God come.” 19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and
gave it to them, saying, “ This is my body which is given 20 for you : do this in remembrance of me*.” In Jike man
ner he took the cup also, when he had supped ; saying, " This cup is the new covenant, through my blood which
is poured outt for you. 21 “ Yet, behold, the hand of him who delivereth me up 22 is with me on the table. And the Son of man departeth
indeed, as it hath been determined; but alas for that man 23 by whom he is delivered up!” Then they began to in
quire among themselves, which of them was about to do
this thing. 24 Now there had been a contention also among them, 25 which of them should be accounted the greatest. And
he said unto them, “ The kings of the gentiles use do
minion over them; and they that exercise authority upon 26 them are called benefactors. But ye ought not to act thust:
but he that is greatest|| among you, let him be as the 27 younger ; and he that is chief, as he that serveth. For
which is greater; he that is at table, or he that serveth ?
is not he that is at table ? But I am among you as he that 28 serveth. Now ye are they that have continued with me 29 in my trials. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as 30 my Father hath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and
drink at my table in my kingdom; and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
+ Shed. M
* Or, as a memorial of me, Pearce. In commemoration, Campbell, Or, do not ye act thus,
Or, the elder.
31 And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan 32 hath sought you*, that he may sift you like wheatt: but I
have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not utterly : and 35 when thou hast returned, strengthen thy brethren." And
Peter said unto him, “ Master, I am ready to go with 34 thee, both into prison and to death." And he said, “I
say unto thee, Peter, the cock will not crowf this day,
before thou have thrice denied that thou knowest me." 35 And he said unto them, “When I sent you without
purse, and bag, and sandals, wanted ye any thing?" 36 And they said, “Nothing." Then he said unto them,
“But now he that hath a purse, let him take it ; and in
like manner his bag: and he that hath no sword, let him 37 sell his mantle, and bu For I say unto you, that
this which is written must still be accomplished in me
And he was reckoned among the transgressors :' for the 38 things concerning me will soon have an end.” And they
said, “ Master, behold, here are two swords.” And he
said unto them, “ It is enough.” 39 And he came out, and went, as his custom was, to the
mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. 40 And when he was at the place, he said unto them, “Pray 41 that ye enter not into temptation.” And he was with
drawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, 42 and prayed, saying, “ Father, O that thou wouldest take
away this cup from me! nevertheless, not my will,
* An allusion to the history of Job, c. i. 9-12.
+ agitate you violently by severe trials. N. As the account in Job is to be nnder* stool allegorically, and not literally; so likewise is this.
fi.e." the trumpet of the third watch will not sound," etc. It is well known that no cocks were allowed to remain in Jerusalem during the passorer feast. The Romans, who had a strong guard in the castle of Antonia, which overlooked the temple, di vided the night into four watches, beginning at six, nine, twelve, and three. Mark xiii. 35, alludes to this division of time. The two last watches were both called cockcrowings. The Romans relieved guard at each watch by sound of trumpet: the trumpet of the third watch was called the first, and that of the fourth the second cock. And when it is said the cock crew, the meaning is, that the trumpet of the third watch sounded; which always happened at midnight, See Theological Repository, vol. vi. p. 105.
43 but thine, be done." And there appeared to him an angel 44 from heaven, strengthening him. And, being in an agony,
he prayed more earnestly; and his sweat was as it were
great drops of blood falling down to the ground*. 45 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to 46 his disciples, he found them asleep from sorrow; and said
unto them, “ Why sleep ye? rise and pray, that ye enter 47 not into temptation." And while he was yet speaking,
behold a multitude ; and he that was called Judas, one
of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto 48 Jesus, to kiss him. And Jesus said unto him, “ Judas,
deliverest thou up the Son of man with a kiss ?” 49 And when those that were about Jesus saw what would
follow, they said unto him, “ Master, shall we smite with 50 the sword ?” And one of them smote the servant of the 51 high-priest, and cut off his right ear. Then Jesus spake
and said, “ Suffer me thus far.” And he touched his ear,
and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to the chief-priests, and captains of
the temple, and the elders, who came to him, ye
come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs ? 53 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye did not
stretch forth your hands against me : but this is your
hour, and the power of darkness.” 54 Then they took him, and led him away, and brought
[him) into the high-priest's house. And Peter followed 55 at a distance. And when they had kindled a fire in the
midst of the hall, and had sitten down together, Peter sat 56 down among them. And a certain maid-servant saw him
as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, 57 and said, “ This man also was with him.” But he deni58 ed him, saying, “ Woman, I know him not.” And after
a short time another saw him, and said, “ Thou also art 59 one of them.” And Peter said, “ Man, I am not.” And
These verses are wanting in the Vatican, the Alexandrian, and other manuscripts ;* and are marked as doubtful in some in which they are inserted.