The Book of Lord Shang: A Classic of the Chinese School of Law
The Book of Lord Shang is considered a classic of the School of Law, one of the six great Chinese schools of thought. It is attributed to Kung-san Yang, chief minister of the State of Ch'in on the western borders of China. He proved an able, ruthless statesman, abolishing communal land ownership in favor of individual ownership (to break the nobles, not help the peasants). His principle was to "punish severely the light crimes." For the first time, laws were made explicit, widely publicized and impartially enforced. This merciless code was well established before its author, the Lord of Shang, was murdered.
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