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AN

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY,

ANCIENT AND MODERN;

IN WHICH

The Rise, Progress, and Variations of Church-Power, are considered in their Connexion with the State of Learning and Philosophy, and the

Political History of Europe during that Period ;

BY THE LATE LEARNED

otramo fonema JOHN LAURENCE MOSHEIM, D.D.

CHANCELLOR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF GÖTTINGEN;

TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINAL LATIN,

AND ILLUSTRATED WITH NOTES, CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES, AND AN APPENDIX,

BY ARCHIBALD MACLAINE, D.D.

A NEW EDITION IN SIX VOLUMES,
CONTINUED TO THE PRESENT TIME

BY CHARLES COOTE, LL.D.

AND FURNISHED WITH

A DISSERTATION ON THE STATE OF THE

PRIMITIVE CHURCH,

BY THE RIGHT REV.
DR. GEORGE GLEIG OF STIRLING.

VOL. V.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR T. CADELL; C. AND J. RIVINGTON; J. CUTHELL; J. NUNN; LONGMAN AND CO.; JEFFERY

AND SON; STEWART AND CO. ; 8. BAGSTER; R. H. EVANS; J. RICHARDSON; R. SCHOLEY; HATCHARD AND SON; J. BOHN; BALDWIN AND CO.; J. AND W. T. CLARKE; SAUNDERS AND CO.; J. DUNCAN: W, BOONE, HAMILTON AND CO.; SIMPKIN AND MARSHALL; HARDING AND LEPARD; G. B. WHITTAKER: R. HUNTER; J. BUMPUS; W. MASON; J. NISBET; J. DOWDING; T. BUMPUS; SMITH, ELDER, AND CO. :

IGG; J. COLLINGWOOD: C. TAYLOR, AND J. PARKER, AT OXFORD.

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I. THE arduous attempts of the pontiffs, in the CENT. XVII. preceding century, to advance the glory and majesty 'The college of the see of Rome, by extending the limits of the de propa

ganda fide, Christian church, and spreading the Gospel among founded at distant nations, met with great opposition; and, as Rome. they were neither well conducted nor properly supported, their fruits were neither abundant nor permanent. But in this century the same attempts were renewed with vigor, and crowned with such 'success, as contributed not a little to give a new, degree of stability to the tottering grandeur of the papacy, They were begun by Gregory XV., who, by the advice of his confessor Narni, founded at Rome, in 1622, the famous Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, and enriched it with ample revenues. This congregation, which consists of thirteen cardinals, two priests, one monk, and a secretary a, is designed to propagate and inaintain the religion of Rome in all parts of the world. Its riches and possessions were so prodigiously augmented by the muni

. a Such is the number appropriated to this Congregation by Gregory's original Bull. See Bullarium Roman. tom. iii.-Cerri mentions the same number, in his Etat Present de l'Eglise Romaine. But a different account is given by Aymon, in his Tableau de la Cour de Rome, part iii. chap. iii. p. 279, for he makes this Congregation to consist of eighteen cardinals, one of the pope's secretaries, one apostolical proto-notary, one referendary, and one of the assessors or secretaries of the inquisition.

VOL. V.

B

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