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country. No “fable," however “cunningly devised,” no myth or legend coming into existence at a later age, could have adapted itself so precisely to the topographical details of the scene. The main design of the present volume has been to trace these coincidences, and thus to elucidate and confirm the Biblical narrative. Whilst he has availed himself of all the help he depended upon them, but endeavoured, by a personal and careful inspection of the sites, to arrive at an independent and accurate conclusion.

could gain from the writings of former travellers, he has in no case

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In the Illustrations, which form so large a part of the present volume, fidelity rather than artistic effect has been aimed at. Many, of the engravings are from drawings made on the spot, but a greater number are from photographs. Those of Messrs. Bergheim and Nicodemus of Jerusalem, and Madame Bonfils of Beyrout, have been largely used for this purpose; and the writer desires to express his gratitude for the liberality with which the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund have placed their admirable series at his disposal.

The maps are enlarged by permission of Messrs. W. and A. Keith Johnston, from their Royal Atlas Map of Syria, which for correctness and fulness of detail is worthy of the high reputation they have long enjoyed as chartographers.

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£ist of Ilustrations.

Range of Hermon, near Banias - - Village of Siloam, and Valley of the Kedron

SOUTHERN PALESTINE, OR JUDAEA.

JAFFA TO HEBRON.

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BETHLEHEM TO THE DEAD SEA.

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JERICHO AND THE JORDAN TO JERUSALEM.

Head-Piece–In the Jordan Valley . -
Initial—Er Riha, near Jericho . - - -
Plain of the Jordan, near Jericho
Arabs in Plain of Jericho . - -
Banks of the Jordan . - - - - -
The Jordan, from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead

JERUSALEM.

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- - - - - - - Frontispiece.

- - - - - - . Preface.

Wady es-Sumt and Kulonia . - - • Ange 25

Southern Wall of the Temple Area Showing the
Spring of “Robinson's Arch” -
Tomb of Rachel . - - - -
Solomon's Pools . - - - - -
Ruins of Tekoa, on the way down to Hebron .
Hebron, from the North-East .
Hebron, and Mosque over the Cave of
Pool of Hebron . - - - -
Entrance to the Mosque - -
Roof of the Mosque over Machpelah.
Arrangement of Tombs in Cave of Machpelah
Abraham's Oak, near Hebron . - -

Machpelah

Church of the Nativity .

Convent of Mar Saba . - - - -

Wilderness of Judaea .

Northern Shore of the Dead Sea . - -

Southern End of the Dead Sea.

The Dead Sea - - - - - -

Approach to Engedi .

Makaur, the site of Ancient Machaerus. -

The Dead Sea, near Masada . - -

Map of the Dead Sea . - - - - -

The Well of Bethlehem .

Site of Ancient Jericho . - - - - -
Elisha's Fountain, near Jericho . -

Bathing-Place of Pilgrims on the Jordan .

Ruined Aqueduct near Jericho . -
Bethany - - - - - - -
Church on the Summit of the Mount of Olives
St. Stephen's Gate - - - - -

Interior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre . - - -
The Place of Scourging . - -
Cave under the Church

Via Dolorosa .

The Mosque of Omar

The Golden Gate . - - - - -
Projecting Stones of Robinson's Arch . -
Wailing-Place of the Jews - - - -
Jewish Almshouses - - - - - -

Pool of Bethesda . - - - -

27 29 31 32

33 35 36 37 38 39 4o

los Io: 1os 106 Io9 111

113 115 116

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Substructions under the Temple Area
Temple Area and Mount of Olives
Tunnel and Shaft of the Palestine Exploration

Fund outside the Temple Wal
Garden of Gethsemane .

Map of the District .
Head-Piece -
Initial—Mosque of David .

Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, from Scopus

Ramah

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Valley of Shechem, with Ebal and Gerizim

Jacob's Well . -

Nablus

Evening on a Houseto

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The Hill of Samaria .
An Arab Story-Teller .
Ruins of the City of Samaria

Ruins of Caesarea . -
Jenin, the ancient En-gannim

Map of the District . -
Head-Piece—Willage of Nazareth .
Initial—Fountain of Mary at Nazareth .

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Initial—Town and La

JERUSALEM.–Continued.

North Shore of the Lake, near Tell Hum -
The Town of Tiberias . -
Magdala .

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- Aage 117 | Mount of Corruption . page 124 - 118 Tomb of Zacharias • 125 | Aceldama . - 126 12o Tomb of Helena . - 127 - - • I21 The Valley of the Kedron 128 -e-oeCENTRAL PALESTINE, OR SAMARIA. JERUSALEM TO SHILOH. - 13o Anathoth . - - - - - I34 - - • 131 Ruins of Bethel . . . . . . 137 - - - 131 Stone Circle near Bethel . - - - - 139 • 132 Ruined Synagogue at Shiloh - - • I41 - - - 133 The Site of Shiloh . - - - 142 SHECHEM, EBAL, AND GERIZIM. - I43 Ruins on the Summit of Gerizim . - . 151 - • 143 Cylinder inclosing the Samaritan Pentateuch • I 54 I44 Translation of Inscriptions . - - - - 154 - - - - I45 Copy of a portion of the Samaritan Pentateuch - 155 - - - - 146 In a Bazaar - - - - - - - 158 - - . 148 Gate at Nablus . - - - - • 159 NABLUS TO THE PLAIN OF ESDRAELON. - - - - - 16o Head-Dress of Egyptian Fellaheen - - . 17o h of St. John in Samaria 16o Plain of Esdraelon, with the Ruins of Jezreel . 171 - - - - 162 Mouth of the River Kishon . - - - . 172 - 164 Sketch Plan of the Esdraelon Plain and surrounding - 165 district from El-Muhrakah . - - - 174 - 166 || Monastery on Mount Carmel - - - 176 168 Promontory of Carmel, from the Sea . - - 178 -o-o-eNoRTHERN PALESTINE OR GALLEE. SOUTHERN GALILEE AND NAZARETH. - - - - 18o Nazareth . - - - - - - - 187 . 181 Cliff behind the Maronite Convent at Nazareth . 189 181 Church of the Annunciation, Nazareth • - 191 - - - - - 183 Fountain at Cana . - - - - - • 194 - 185 THE LAKE OF GENNESARETH. - - - - - - 195 Northern End of the Sea of Galilee . 2O2 ke of Tiberias . - • 195 Hills over Gennesareth . - - - - 2O3 196 Ruins of Et-Tabigah . - - - - - 2O6 - - - • 199 Ruins of Tell Hum . - - - - . 207 - - - 2OI The Lake of Gennesareth from near Khan Minyeh 208 GENNESARETH TO THE SOURCES OF THE JORDAN. - - 209 The Mouth of the Jordan, Lake Hūleh - 213 - . 209 Lake Hūleh, or the Waters of Merom - 214 - - - 21e Hermon, from the Northern Shore of Lake Hūleh 215 he waters of Hermon, from near Tell-el-Kadi - - - 216 - - aii The Source of the Jordan at Banias . - . 218

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