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to allow; or whether all their services be not so many sacrileges hastening their own destruction, and that of their people !

Thus, by this famous Canon of Intention, found in the Council of Florence, and in that of Trent,-by this conspicuous child of the Infallibility, is the entire Papal Church, Clergy, People, with all the high pretensions of the Papacy, precipitated into instant ruin, and swallowed up as in a moment. Thus corruption terminates in its own ruin !!

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As the necessity of Baptism is generally admitted by all Christian Societies, one alone excepted, we need say but little on the subject. It is considered as “absolutely necessary to salvation," and provided the due matter and form be used, and it be administered “with proper intention," it is held to be valid, and in all cases of necessity, lawful, even “ though administered by heretics.” (Conc. Trid. Sess. VII. Can. de Baptismo.)

The opus operatum of Baptism, is deemed, by the Roman Church, so essential to salvation, that “without Baptism the atonement of the Cross cannot be applied to us ; that Christ will not redeem us unless we are washed in the waters of Baptism, and that no man can be justified by faith only, without Baptism.” (See Maguire's Discussion with Pope, p. 151.)

OBSERVATIONS.

“ Christ ordained no other element to be used in baptism, but only water; whereunto when the word is joined, it is made, as St. Augustine saith, a full and perfect sacrament; they being wiser in their own con

ceit than Christ, think it is not well, nor orderly done, unless they use conjuration, unless they hallow the water, unless there be oil, salt, spittle, tapers, and such other dumb ceremonies, serving no use; contrary to the plain rule of St. Paul, who willeth all things to be done in the Church to edification.” (Hom. for Whitsunday.)

OF CONFIRMATION.

Of this sacrament the Council of Trent only asserts, that it is truly such; that the Bishops only are its ordinary Ministers ; (Sess. VII. Can. de Confir.) Confirmation is administered by imposition of hands, and anointing the forehead with chrism, (a mixture of oil of olives and balm, solemnly blessed by a Bishop,) in the form of a cross, whilst the administrator uses these words: “I sign thee with the sign of the cross, I confirm thee with the chrism of salvation, in the name of the Father," &c. &c. Everyone who is confirmed has a male or female sponsor, who contracts the same spiritual affinity and obligation as those of baptism.

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OBSERVATIONS.

Alexander Hales, an eminent writer of the thirteenth century, says, " the sacrament of Confirmation, as it is a sacrament, was not ordained either by Christ, or by the Apostles, but afterwards was ordained by the Council of Melda.” Confirmation is, at most, an apostolical ceremony, retained and practised in the Church of England, as such; and is properly an acknowledgment, ratification, and confirmation of the Christian obligation entered into at Baptism ; and not a new stipulation.

OF THE EUCHARIST, OR MASS.

I PROFESS likewise, that in the Mass there is offered to God a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead : and that in the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist there is truly, really, and substantially, the body and blood, together with the soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that there is made a conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the blood; which conversion the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation. (1.) I also confess, that under either kind alone Christ is received whole and entire, and a true sacrament.” (Pius's Creed.) 6 Whosoever shall say, that in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist, the substance of bread and wine remains together with the substance of the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and shall deny that wonderful and singular change of the whole substance of the bread into the body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the blood, the species of bread and wine still remaining, which change the Catholic Church very fitly calls Transubstantiation, let him be accursed.” (Con. Trid. Sess. XIII. Can. 2.)

It is, moreover, decreed, “ that after the consecration of the bread and wine, the true God and man is truly, really, and substantially contained under the appearance of the sensible

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