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T R E A T I S E,
S H E W ING
THE NATURE AND BENEFIT
o F
That important Science,
, A N D

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Printed for C. DILLY ; F. and C. RIvi NGTon; J. MAT-
Thews; and J. Scatcher D.

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over some with a too superficial notice, that ! own I found myself much disappointed in what I expected from him ; and was convinced that something more correót, nervous, and methodical, was wanting on this subječ. * I am far from having the vanity to think that this, which I now offer to the public, is entirely flee from those faults which I have remarked in that pious and excellent at thor ; and am sensible that, if I do not fall under a much heavier censure myself, it must be cowing to the great candour of my reader ; which he will be convinced I have folne title to, if he but duly confider the nature and extent of the subječt. For it is almost impossible to let the thoughts run freely upon so copious and comprehenfive a theme, in order to do justice to it, without taking too large a scope in some particulars that have a close connexion with it; as I fear I have done (Part I. chap. xiv.) concerning the knowledge, guard, and government of the thoughts. r But there is a great difference between a short, occasional, and useful digression, and a wide rambling from the subject, by following the impulse of a luxuriant fancy. A judicious taste can hardly excuse the latter,

though it may be content the author should

gather gather a few flowers out of the common road, provided he soon returns into it again. This brings to my mind another thing, for which I am sure I have great reason to crave the reader's indulgence; and that is, the free use I have made of some of the ancient heathen writers in my marginal quotations ; which l own, looks like an oftentation of reading, that I always abhorred. But it was conversing with those authors that first turned my thoughts to this subjećt. And the good sensel met with in most of their aphorisms and sentiments, gave me an esteem for them ; and made it difficult for me to resist the temptation of transcribing several of them, which I thought pertinent to the matter in hand. But, after all, I am ashamed to see what an old-fashioned figure they make in the margin. However, if the reader thinks they will too much interrupt the course of the subject, he may entirely omit them; tho' by that means he will perhaps lose the benefit of

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forme of the finest sentiments in the book. I remember a modern writer, I have very lately read, is grievously offended with Mr. Addison for so much as mentioning the name of Plato, and presuming, in one of his Spectators, to deliver his notions of humour in a kind of allegory, after the mana 3 Ilêt

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