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OBSERVATIUNS ON MODERN GARDENING

by

Thomas Whately

London
1801

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INTRODUCTION

I. Gardenine, in the perfection to which it has been lately broucht in England, is entitled to a place of considerable rank anong the liberal arts. It is as superior to landskip painting, as a reality to a representation: it is an exertion of fancy, a subject for taste; and being relaased now from the restraints of regularity, and enlarged beyond the purposes of domestic convenience, the most beautiful, the most simple, the most noble scenes of nature are all within its province: for it is no longer confined to the sopts frol which it boITOS its name, but regulates also the disposition and eubellishments of a park, a farin, or a riding; and the busin : Of a carriener is to Soloct and to apply whatever is great, el fünt or characteristic in any I them; to discover and to shew all the advantares of the place upon which he is eriployed; to supply its deicots, to correct its faults, and to improve its beauties. For thes. On ration13, the objects of nature are still his only materials. His first encriry, therefore, must be into the means by which those eitects are attained in nature, which he is to produce; and into those pt0rties lil the objects of nature, which should deterire him in the choice and arran errent of then.

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Nature, always simple, employs but four materials in the co! position of her scenes, round, wood, wator, and loc's. The cultivation or nature has introduced a fifth species, the builóins requisite for the accomodation of men, ach of those grain acrit of varietis in their fisure, dimensions, colour, ani situation. "Svory landskip is composed of these parts only; ev iry boauty in a landskip depon's 01 the application of their several varieties.

OF GROUND.

II. The shape of round must be either a convex, & corcave, or a plane; in terris less technical called a swell, a hollow, and a level. By combinations of these are forned all the irregrilarities of which cround is capable; and the beauty of it depends on the degrees ani the proportions in which they are blended.

Both the convex and the concave are fortis in themselves oi .. OTO variety than a plane: either of th:eri nay therefore be adiitted to a greater extent than can e allored to the ot' r; but letels are not therefore totally inad issible. e prefere ve unustly shown to them in the old cardens, where they prevailed al .ost in exclusion of every other form, has raised a prejudice arainst then. It is freqpertly reckoned an excellence in a piece on 22 nound, that every the least part of it is uneven; but then it Ens one on tince heat varisiics of cround, which may so..timos bo intcr iixed wit' the other two. . gentle concave declivity falls and spreads easil; ul a ilat; the channels between several swells sexenerate into :ere cutters, il 8OLIO

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