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gin of the name of Myses or Moses for the sun: though nothing more than conjecture can be adduced pow or hereafter upon the subject. To a people again ignorant of the motions of the earth, the sun appears to set every evening in the waters and to come out of them every morning, so that nothing was more likely than the giving him a name that expressed bis coming out or being taken out of the waters.
If for the sake of some point to fix upon, we agree to say, that the first preachers of Christianism rendezvoused at $otioch about the year 100, we shall tben be able to trace its course with some precision.
The first scheme seems to have been an effort to convert the Jews scattered abroad to this version of Paganism, by assimilating the story of Jesus to their expected Messiab. The Epistle to the Hebrews was evidently written for tbat purpose, at Chap. vii. ver. 14, it is asserted, that Jesus sprung froin the tribe of Judab. The Epistle nominally addressed to the Romans, from the second to the fifteenth chapter, is wholly addressed to some Jew or Jews and not to any body of Romans, which stands as another proof, that Christianity had not then reached Rome. The first and last chapters of this Epistle bare no connection with or relation to the body of the Epistle, or treatise rather on the comparative merits of Judaism and Christianism. And were it not for an allusion to Spain in the fifteenth chapter, there is uo indication in the body of the work of its having been addressed to any persons near Rome. And that Paul on first setting out on his ministry from Antioch, baving avowedly reached no further than Corinth, should have an engagement in so remote a country as Spain, is very improbable. He talks of a walk into Spain as if it were but a day's journey! It is no where else stated in the New Testament that there was a church in Spain so early.
The bulk of the New Testament is an evideuce, that in the first effort to start the new religion of Christianism, there was no intention to deviate from the whole law and customs of the Jews; for, though Paul aster he bad quarrelled with all the other apostles, and set up a new Gospel of his own, bitterly in veigbed against circumcision, we read at Acts cbap. xvi. ver. 3, that be circumcised Timothy, whose father was a Grecian and mother a Jewess,“ because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that bis father was a Greek.” Here is clear case, that circumcision was at first considered an essential part of Christianity, as it is beginning to be among the followers of Jobannab Southcote at tbis time. And this will well account for the passing of the Jews and early Christians under the common name of Galileans.
Having bovered round the skirts of Antioch for a time, until he had quarrelled with all his fellows, Paul started away with bis new " Gospel of uncircumcision” to:vards Greece in Europe. He might further have had the sharpsightedness to see, that the " Gospel of circumcision" would not pro. duce any effect eitber upon the Jews or Gentiles. So having bad a smart quarrel with Peter at Antioch, see Galatians chap. ii. ver. ll, and also with Barnabas and Mark see Acts chap. xv. ver. 39, he left that neighbourhood and soon Asia altogether, under the common and convenient excuse, as we are told at Acts chap. xv. ver. 6, that he was “ forbidden by the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia :" and further at verse 9, that he had a vision in the night of a man who invited him to “come over into Macedonia.” In the onset of Christianity, every thing seems to have been undertaken under the direction of dreams: and such has been its soporific powers, tbat it has kept all Europe in a dream for near seventeen centuries. I shall be very happy, if I can but make noise enough to awake the people of England out of this long continued dream. I will at least make all the noise I can to rouse them: but if they will fall asleep again, the fault will not be mine.
Whilst we have Paul under weigh from Asia across the Mediterranean Sea to Europe, for be does not seem to have opened his commission (bis new fangled Gospel of uncircumcision) to the ships crew of this voyage, we will en. deavour to sketch bis portrait, to hang bis picture at the bead of this epitome of his labours : and be on your guard, Bailey, as to who and what you are about to see: for this chief of the Apostles, this great propagator of the greatest mischief that ever was propagated, was both a curious and a comical little character. I would not go to an Apocrypbal book for a description of him, did I pot find a corroboration of the sketch in the New Testament. Now then, Ecce Homo! Behold the man !
In the book of “ The Acts of Paul and Thecla” we are told that, “ A certain man nained Onesiphorus*, hearing tbat Paul was come to Iconium, .went out speedily to meet bim together with his wife Lectra, and his sons Simmia and Zeno, to invite himn to their house. For Titus had given
* See a corresponding mention of this Onesiphorus by Paul in the Second Epistle to Timothy chap. i. ver. 16.
them a description of Paul's personage, they as yet not knowing him in person, but only being acquainted with his character. They weut in the king's highway to Lystra, and stood there waiting for him, comparing all wbo passed by, with that description which Titus bad given them. At length they saw a man coming, of a low stature, bald on the head, crooked thighs, handsome legs*, hollow-eyed; bad a crooked nose; full of grace; for sometimes be appeared as a man, sometimes he had the countenance of an angel.” Tbis was Paul! This was the originator of that horrid Christianism, that damuable Gospel of Uncircumcision (see Galatians chap. ii. ver. 7.) which has both degraded, stupified, and desolated Europe to this day, Awake Europeans! Awake and read! Behold tbe picture of the author of your woes!
Almost every town furnishes an eccentric and a crippled shoe-maker that much resembles this portrait of Paul. In Ashburton, the town of my birth, there were two of the same stamp, Joseph Jeffery and Robert Nichols; but of the two, old Stoaf Jeffery (a familiur appellative to my ear!) must have carried the nighest resemblance to Paul. I know not if little Stoaf be living; but if living, it would be worth a trifle to exbibit him through Europe as a striking resemblance of Saint Paul the little great originator of Christianity in Europe. Stoaf was a Saint Paul in his way; for, I have known bim play many odd and novel pranks, and have participated in them. I hope be may be living to beat of the honour I have done him, by exbibtting him as a likevess of Saint Paul! Though, by the by, I never recollect seeing Stoaf at church or Meeting!
That this sketch from the" Acts of Paul and Thecla” is not a caricature of Saint Paul, we have proof in the Second Epistle to the Corinthians chap. x. It seems, that the Corinthians had been speaking to Titus of the defects of Paul's person as acknowledged at ver. 10, “ For his letters, say they are weighty and powerful; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contenuptible.” At the first verse it is also said: “Paul-who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold towards you.” Again at chap. xi. ver. 6, be says: “ Though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge; but we bave been thoroughly made manifest
* It is impossible that a man could at the same time have crooked thighs and handsome legs. The defects of the thighs arose from an infirmity that will not allow the idea of a straight or well shapen leg.
among you in all things.” And he repeatedly speaks of his defects, weaknesses, and infirmities, as if bis body were crippled and unsound. We are not told that Paul was a shoemaker, for high shoes with leather over the instep were not then known, sandals made of metal and wood as well as of leather were the ordinary wear. But we are told, that he was a Tent-maker, and that when at Corinth, he wrought with Aquila and Priscilla, a Jew and his wife, who were of the same craft. Tent-making must bave been of a kin with shoe-making, and the Limper who shall paint Paul from my sketch may draw him as a tailor to hide his crooked thighs, or as preaching upon a tub, as he pleases.
I cannot be persuaded that this Paul the tent-maker is the same person as the Saul of the first part of the Acts of the Apostles, who was brought up as a pbarisee at the feet of Gamaliel. It is quite clear to me, that the writer of the Acts of the Apostles has fabled the sketch of Saul's life, and subsequently, improperly jumbled Saul and Paul together as one person. Paul is Paulus a common Roman name. Saul is a Jewish name, at least, an Old Testament name, which bas no resemblance to any thing Roman. The Jews were particular in having public officers free from bodily defects, and would not have countenanced such a man as Paul as a commissioned accuser of the Christians, and the agent of a High Priest. There is a tradition that Paul turned Chris. tian out of spite because he could not marry the daughter of the High Priest, this for foregoing reasons I do not credit.
Having hung up the picture of Paul, we will now search the Scriptures for his character, as drawn of himself: and a very pretty character we shall find it: one well qualified to accomplish the evils wbich he has disseminated among mankind.
Epistle to the Romans (falsely so called.) Chap. ii. ver 4. Let God be true, but every man a liar.
7. For if tbe truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto bis glory, why yet am I also judged a signer ?
8. And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? wbose damnation is just.
9. What tben? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin.
Cbap. vi. ver. 17. But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin:
19. Ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity.
Chap. vii. ver. 5. For when we were in the flesb, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
8. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought ju me all manner of concupiscence.
15. For that which I do I allow not: for wbat I would that I do not; but what I hate, that do I...
16. If then I do that wbicb I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good.
17. Now then it is no more. I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
18. For I know that in me (that is in my flesh) dwelletb po good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.
19. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do.
20. Now if I do tbat I would not, it is no more I tbat do it, but sin that dwelletb in me.
21. I find then a law, thal, when I would do good, evil is present with me.
22. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
23. But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to be law of sin which is in my members.
24. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from tbe body of this death?
This and the 9th chapter is the Vicar of Cerne all over. Any thing, any vice, may be done and justified, so as it be dobe spiritually and not carpally! The only necessary excuse is to plead the working of the spirit! This sort of Cbristianity is the very perfection of hypocrisy: the bane of ali morality. And this was Paul's masterpiece: in this be was an adept. In this the Vicar of Cerne assures bimself of a fellowship with the Apostle !
In his first Epistle to the Corinthians, chap. x. ver. 23, he says, “ All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.” This corresponds with the extracts from the Epistle to the Romans above, and with his saying that he felt at liberty to become “all things to all men.” The contradictions in the several epistles about the propriety of marriage, to one forbidding it, to another encouraging it, show, that Paul had no stable doctrine in morals, and was quite willing to suit himself to all sorts of