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The Second Part of the Sermon of Good Works.

OF three things which were in the former Sermon especially noted of lively faith, to be declared unto you, the lirft was, that faith is never idle, without good works when occasion serveth: the second, that good works acceptable to God cannot be done without faith. Now whai to go forward to the third part, that is, what manner ofwo'^ ii,eT works tbev be which spring out of true faith, and lead )rc-iha' ..

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iaithiul men unto everlasting lire. Ims cannot be known0f saiih. so well as by our Saviour Christ himself, who was astted of a certain great man the fame question ; lVbat uorhs shallluM. xix. do, laid a Prince, to come to everlajting life? To whom Jesus answered, If thou wilt come to everJajliiig lise, keep the commandments. But the Prince, not fatissied herewith, asked farther, Which commandments? The Scribes and Pharisees had made so many of their own laws and traditions, to bring men to heaven, besides God's commandments, that this man was in doubt whether he should come to heaven by those laws and traditions, or by the Law of God; and therefore he asked Christ, which commandments he meant. Whereunto Christ made him a plain answer, rehearsing the commandments of God, faying, Thou fbalt not kill, Thou Man. xix. fialt not commit adultery, Thou /bait notjleal,Thoushalt not hearfalse witness, Honour tby father and thy mother, and, Ijove tby neighhour as tbyself By which words Christ declared, n,e w0iks that the laws of God be the very way that doth lead to ihai iead io everlasting lise, and not the traditions and laws of men. |^'no{be So that this is to be taken for a most true leffon taught by God's comChrist's own mouth, that the works of the morul com- mandmandments of God be the very true works of faith, which menislead to the bleffed lise to come. But the blindness and malice of man, even from the beginning, hath ever been ready to fall from God's commandments: as Adam the Man from sirst man, having but one commandment, that he should his first saii_ not eat of the fruit forbidden; notwithstanding God's com- '^.'om mandinent, he gave credit unto the woman, seduced bymanj.com" the fubtile persuasion of the serpent, and so followed his menis haih own will, and left God's commandment. And ever sinceev"been that time, all that cameos him have been so blinded^ do through original sin, that they have been ever ready toanddoihdefall from God and his Law, ana to invent a new way unto viie works falvation by works of their own device; so much, that al- sanJas,°^n most all the world, forfaking the true honour of the only pkasc God

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eternal living God, wandered about their own fantasie?, The devices worshipping some the sun, the moon, the stars; some Ju— m^niie" P'ter' Juno' Diana? Saturnus, Apollo, Neptunus, Ceres, Geniites. Bacchus, and other dead men and women: some, there— Thedevices with not fatissied, worshipping divers kinds of beasts, birds, *nJ "'"Ik". f°w^, an<l serpents; every country, town, and house, Israeiiies. *n a manner being divided, and setting up images of such Kxod.*xxii. things as they liked, and worshipping the fame. Such was the rudeness of the people after they sell to their own fantasies, and left the eternal living God and his commandments, that they devised innumerable images and gods. In which error and blindness they did remain, until such time as Almighty God, pitying the blindness of man, sent his true Prophet Moles into the world, to reprove and rebuke this extreme madness, and to teach the people to know the only living God, and his true honour and worship. But the corrupt inclination of man was so much given to follow his own fantasy, and, as you would fay, to favour his own bird that he brought up himself, that all the admonitions, exhortations, benesits, and threatenings of God could not keep him from such his inventions. For notwithstanding all the benesits of God shewed unto the people of Israel, yet when Moses went up into the mountain to speak with Almighty God, he had tarried there but a sew days, when the people began to invent newgods: and, as it came into their heads, they made a calf of gold, and kneeled down and worshipped it. And after that they followed the Moabites, and worshipped Beelphegor, the Moabites God. Read the book of Judges, the book of the Kings, and the Prophets; and there you shall sind how unsteadfast the people were, how full ol' inventions, and more ready to run after their own fantasies, than God's molt holy commandments. There shall you read of Baal, Moloch, Chamos, Melchom, Baalpeor, Astaroth, Bell, the Dragon, Priapus, the brazen Serpent, the twelve Signs, and many others, unto whose images the people, with great devotion, invented pilgrimages, precious decking and censing them, kneeling down and ofsering to them, thinking that an high merit before God, and to be esteemed above the precepts and commandments of God. And where, at that time, God commanded no facrisice to be made but in Jerufalem only, they did clean contrary, making altars and facrisices every where, in hills, in woods, and in houses, not regarding God's commandments, but esteeming their own fantasies and devotions to be better than they. And the error hereof


wa fo spread abroad, that not only the unlearned people, but also the priests and teachers of the people, partly by sain-glory and covetousness were corrupted, and partly by ignorance blindly deceived with the fame abominations: lo much, that King Achab having but only Helias a true teacher and minister of God, there were four hundred and sifty priests that persuaded him to honour Baal, and to do sacrisice in the woods or groves. And so continued that horrible error, until the three noble kings, as Jol'aphat, Ezechias, and Josias, God's chosen ministers, destroyed the fame clearly, and brought again the people from such their seigned inventions, unto the very commandments of God: for the which thing their immortal reward and glory doth and shall remain with God for ever. And beside the forefaid inventions, the inclination Retigion? of man to have his own holy devotions devised new sects tnd sects and religions, called Pharilees, Sadducees, and Scribes, * TM"s ihe with many holy and godly traditions and ordinances, (as it seemed by the outward appearance and goodly glistering of the works) but in very deed all tending to idolatry, superstition, and hypocrisy; their hearts within being full of malice, pride, covetousness, and all wickedness. Against which sects and their pretended holiness Christ cried out more vehemently than he did against any other persons, faying, and often rehearsing thele words, Woe he to you, Mau. Scrihes and Pharisees, ye bypocrites! for you make clean the vessel without, but within ye he full of ravine and filtbinej's: Thou blind Pharisee and bypocrite !frjl make the inward part clean. For notwithstanding all the goodly traditions and outward (hews of good works devised of their own imagination, whereby they appeared to the world most reli

Sious and holy of all men; yet Christ, who law their earts, knew that they were inwardly, in the sight of God, most unholy, most abominable, and farthest from God of all men. Therefore faid he unto them, Hypocrites, the Prophet Ifaiah spake full truly of you, when he laid, This people honour me with their lips, but their heart is far Mau. xv. from me. They worship me in vain that teach doflrines andtiai- xix• eommandments of men: for you leave the commandments of God to keep your own traditions.

And though Christ faid, They worship God in vain that teach doQrines and commandments of men ; yet he meant not Man's taws thereby to overthrow all men's commandments; for he himsclf was ever obedient to the princes and their laws, bui made for good order and governance of the people: but noi as God's he reproved the laws aud traditions made by the Scribestaws


and Pharisees, which were not made only for good order of the people, (as the civil laws were) but they were set up so high, that they were made to be right and pure worshipping of God, as they had been equal with God's laws, or above them: for many of God's laws could not be kept, but were fain to give place unto them. This arrogancy God detested, that man should so advance his laws to make them equal with God's laws, wherein the true honouring and right worshipping of God standeth, and to make his laws for them to be left off. God hath appointed his laws, whereby his pleasure is to be honoured. His pleafure is also, that all men's laws, not being contrary unto his laws, shall be obeyed and kept, as good and neceffary for every commonweal, but not as things wherein

Erincipally his honour resteth: and all civil and man's iws either be, or should be made, to bring men the better to keep God's laws, that consequently, or followingly, God should be the better honoured by them. Howbeit, the Scribes and Pharisees were not content that their laws should be no higher esteemed than other positive and civil laws; nor would they haye them called by the name of other temporal laws; but called them holy and IJoly tiadi- godly traditions, and would have them esteemed, not only '^"snTM"^ for a right and true worshipping of God, as God's laws be God's iaws. indeed, but also for the most high honouring of God, to the which the commandments of God should give place. And for this cause did Christ so vehemently speak against them, faying, Your traditions, which men esteem so nigh, HolinrCsof be abomination before God: for commonly of such tradiTM"'*de" tions, followeth the transgreffion or breaking of God's commonty commandments, and a more devotion in keeping of such occasion things, and a greater conscience in breaking of them, than offend °d n of the commandments of God. As the Scribes and PhaMiu. risees so superstitiously and scrupulously kept. the fabbath, that they were offended with Christ because he healed sick men; and with his Apostles, because they, being sore a hungry, gathered the ears of corn to eat upon that day; and because his disciples washed not their hands so often as the traditions required, the Scribes and Pharisees quarJlau. xv. relied with Christ, faying, Wby do tby disciples break the traditions o f the seigniors? But Christ laid to their charge, that they, for to keep their own traditions, did teach men to break the very commandments of God : for they taught the people such a devotion, that they offered their goods into the treasure-house of the Temple, under the pretence of God's honour, leaving their fathers and mothers, to


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xrfcom they were chiesly bound, unholpen; and so they brake the commandments of God, to keep their own traditions. They esteemed more an oath made by the gold or oblation in the Temple, than an oath made in the name of God hiijaself, or of the Temple. They were more studious to pay their tithes of small things, than to do the greater things commanded of God, as works of mercy, or to do justice, or to deal sincerely, uprightly, and faithfully with God and man: Theje, faith Christ, ought to he dve, Mau. xxiiTx end the other mt lest undone. And, to be short, they . jre of so blind judgment, that they stumbled at a straw, and leaped over a block ; they would, as it were, nicely take a fly out of their cup, and drink down a whole camel; and therefore Christ called them blind guides, warning his disciples from time to time to eschew their doctrine. For although they leeined to the world to be most persect men, both in living and teaching, yet was their lile but hypocrisy, and their doctrine but sour leaven, mingled with superstition, idolatry, and overthwart judgment, letting up the traditions and ordinances of man, instead of God's commandments.

The Third Fart of the Sermon of Good Works.

THAT all men might rightly jude;e of good works, it hath been declared in the second part of this Sermon, what kind of good works they be that God would have his people to walk in, namely, such as he hath commanded in his holy Scripture, and not such works as men have studied out of their own brain, of a blind zeal and devotion, without the word of God : and by mistaking the nature of good works, man hath most highly displeased God, and hath gone from his will and commandments. So that thus you have heard how much the world, from the beginning until Christ's time, was ever ready to fall from the commandments of God, and to seek other means to honour and serve him, after a devotion found out of their own heads ; and how they did set up their own traditions as high or above God's commandments; which hath happened also in our times (the more it is to be lamented) no less than it did among the Jews. and that by the corruption, or at least by the negligence of them that chiesly ought to have preserved the pure and heavenly doctrine left by Christ. What man, having any judgment


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