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thither. You have heard with what constant faith we should clothe and deck ourselves, that we might be sit and decent partakers of that celestial food.
Now followeth the third thing neceffary in him that would not eat of this bread, nor drink of this cup unworthily, which is, newness of lise, and godliness of conversation. For newness of lise, as fruits of faith are required in the partakers of this table. We may learn by eating of the typical Lamb, whereunto no man was admitted, but he that was a Jew, that was circumcised, that was before fanctisied. Yea, St. Paul testisied!, that i Cor. x. although the people were partakers of the Sacraments under Moses, yet for that some of them were still wor» shippers of images, whoremongers, tempters of Christ, murmurers, and coveting after evil things, God overthrew those in the wilderness, and that for our example; that is, that we Christians should take heed we resort unto our Sacraments with holiness of lise, not trusting in the outward receiving of them, and insected with corrupt and uncharitable manners. For this sentence of God must always be justisied: J -will have mercy, and not sacrifice. Wherefore, faith Basil, it behoveth him that comethDeBap. to the Body and Blood of Christ, in commemoration ofiib' e'3' him that died and rose again, not only to be pure from all silthiness of the slesh and spirit, lest he eat and drink his own condemnation, but also to shew out evidently a memory of him that died and rose again for us, in this point, that ye be mortisied to sin and the world, to live now to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. So then we must shew outward testimony, in following the signisication of Christ's death ; amongst the which this is not esteemed least, to render thanks to Almighty God for all his benesits, briesly comprised in the death, passion, and resurrection of his dearly beloved Son. The which thing, hecause we ought chiesly at this table to solemnize, the godly Fathers named it Eucharijlia, that is, thanksgiving: as if they mould have faid, Now above all other times ye ought to laud and praise God. Now may you behold the matter, the cause, the beginning, and the end of all thanksgiving. Now if you slack, ye shew yourselves most unthankful, and that no other-benesit can ever stir you to thank God, who so little regard here so many, io wonderful, and so prositable benesits. Seeing then that the name and thing itself doth monish us ot'thanks, let us, as St. Paul faith, offer always to God the hoji or ya-Heb.xiif. crifice of praise by Cbrijl, that is} the fruit of the lift which
Psaim I. confess bis name. For as David singeth, He that offereth to God thanks and praise, honouretb him. But how sew bo there of thankful persons, in comparison to the unthank
Luke xrit. fiil•! Lo, ten lepers in the Gospel were healed, and but one only returned to give thanks for his health. Yea, happy it were, if among forty communicants we could see two unseignedly give thanks. So unkind we be, so oblivious we be, so proud beggars we be, that partly we care not for our own commodity, partly we know not our duty to God, and chiesly we will not consess all that we receive. Yea, and if we be forced by God's power to do it, yet we handle it so coldly, so drily, that our lips praise him, but our hearts dispraise him; our tongues bless him, but our lise curseth him; our words worship him, but our works dishonour him. O let us therefore learn to give God here thanks aright, and so to agnize his exceeding graces poured upon us, that they being shut up in the treasure-house of our heart, may in due time and season in our lise and . converfation appear to the glorifying of his holy name.
Furthermore, for newness of lise, it is to be noted that St. Paul writeth, That we heing many, are one bread and one hody i for all he partakers of one bread: declaring thereby not only our communion with Christ, but that Unity also, wherein they that eat at this table should be knit together. For by diffension, vain-glory, ambition, strise, envying, contempt, hatred, or malice, they should not he diffevered; but so joined by the bond ot love in one mystical body, as the corns of that bread in one loaf. In respect of which straight knot of charity, the true Christians in the primitive church called this supper, Love. As if they should fay, none ought to fit down there that were out of love and charity, who bare grudge and vengeance in his heart, who also did not protess his kind affection by some charitable relief for some part of the congregation. And this was their practice. O heavenly banquet then lo used! O godly guests, who so esteemed this seast!
But O wretched creatures that we be at these days, who be without reconciliation of our brethren whom we have offended, without fatisfying them whom we have caused to fall, without any kind of thought or compassion toward them whom we might easily relieve, without any conscience of slander, disdain, mi (report, division, rancour, or inward bitterneis. Yea, being accum
Cen.ir. bered with the cloaked hatred of Cain, with the long
coloured toloured malice of Efau, with the diffembled falsehood ofGen- xxviiJoab; dare ye prefume to come up to these facred. and1 Sara"'"' searful mysteries? O man, whither rustiest thou unadvisedly? It is a table of peace, and thou art ready to sight. It is a table of singleness, and thou art imagining mischief. It is a table of quietness, and thou art given to debate. It is a table of pity, and thou art unmerciful. Dost thou neither sear God, the maker of this seast; nor reverence his Christ, the resection and meat; nor regardest his spouse, his well-beloved guest; nor weighest thine own conscience, which is sometime thine inward accuser? Wherefore, O man, tender thine own falvation, examine and try thy good-will and love towards the children of God, the members of Christ, the heirs of the heavenly heritage; yea, towards the image of God, the excellent creature thine own soul. If thou have offended, now be reconciled: if thou have caused any to stumble in the way of God, now let them up again. If thou have disquieted thy brother, now pacify him. If thou have wronged him, now relieve him. If thou have defrauded him, now restore to him. If thou have nourished spite, now embrace friendship.. If thou have fostered hatred and malice, now openly shew thy love and charity, yea be prest and ready to procure thy neighbour's health of soul, wealth, commodity, and pleasures, as thine own. Deserve not the heavy and dreadful burthen of God's displeasure for thine evil will towards thy neighbour, so unreverently to approach to this table of the Lord. Last of all, as there is here theChrysost. mystery of peace, and the Sacrament of Christian society, ^""h"1. whereby we understand what sincere love ought to benui.'^0" betwixt the true communicants; so here be the tokens of purenefs and innocency of lise, whereby we may perceive that we ought to purge our own soul from all uncleannefs, iniquity, and wickedness, lest, when we receive the mystical bread, as Origen faith, we eat it in an unclean in Levii. place, that is, in a soul dessiled and polluted with sin. In caP- *x'"• Moses's law, the man that did cat of thesacrijice of tbunkjgw- Lut^ ^'j irig, with his uncleanness upon him,should he dejlroyed from Homit. '4. his people. And shall we think that the wicked and sinful person shall be excufable at the table of the Lord? We both read in St. Paul, that the church of Corinth was ' Cor. *i. scourged of the Lord, for mifusing the Lord's Supper; andj"^ we may plainly see Christ's church these many years mi-' serably vexed and oppreffed, for the horrible profanation <*i the lame. Wherefore let us all, univerfal and singular,
behold our own manners and lives, to amend them. Yea, now at least let us call ourselves to an account, that it may grieve us of our former evil converfation, that we may hate sin, that we may sorrow and mourn for our ofsences, that we may with tears pour them out before God, that we may with hire trust desire and crave the falve of his mercy, bought and purchased with the blood of his dearly beloved Son Jesus Christ, to heal our deadly Chrysoft. wounds withal. For surely, if we do not with earnest reAm°Ho Pentance cleanse the silthy stomach of our soul, it must oii.'6." needS come to pass, that as wholesome meat received into a raw stomach corrupteth and marreth all, and is the cause of further sickness; so (hall we eat this wholesome bread and drink this cup to our eternal destruction. Thus we, and no other, must thoroughly examine, and not lightly look over ourselves, not other men; our own conscience, not other men's lives: which we ought to do uprightly, AdPoput. truly, and with just correction. O, laith Chrysostom, let Ani Ho- no Judas resort to this table, let no covetous person ap6' proach. If any be a disciple, let him be present. For Maub.xxvi. Christ faith, Iritb my disciples I make my pafjover. Why cried the deacon in the primitive church, If any be holy, let him draw near? Why did they celebrate these mysteries, the choir-door being shut? Why were the public penitents and learners in religion commanded at this time to avoid? Was it not because this table received no unholy, unclean, or sinful guests? Wherefore if servants dare not to presume to an earthly master's table, whom they have offended, let us take heed we come not with our sins unexamined into this pres ence of our Lord and Judge. If they be worthy blame which kiss the prince's hand with a silthy and unclean month, shalt thou be blameless, which with a stinking foul, full of covetousness, fornication, drunkenness, pride, full of wretched cogitations and thoughts, dost breathe out iniquity and uncleannefs on the bread and cup of the Lord? Epitoj. Thus have you heard, how you (hould come reverendy and decently to the table of the Lord, having the knowledge out of his word, of the thing itself, and the fruits thereof, bringing a true and constant faith, the root and well-spring of all newness of lite, as well in praising God and loving our neighbour, as purging our own conscience from likhiness. So that neither the ignorance of the thing ffiall cause us to contemn it, nor unfaithfulness make us void of fruit, nor sin and iniquity procure us God's plagues: but shall by faith, in knowledge and
amendment amendment of lise in faith be here so united to Christ our head in his mysteries, to our comfort, that after we shall have full fruition of him indeed, to our everlasting joy and eternal lise : to the which he bring us that died for us, and redeemed us, Jesus Christ the righteous; to whom with the Father and the Holy Ghost, one true and eternal God, be all praise, honour, and dominion, for ever. Amen.