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house runneth round about him. It is evident that the mind is brought clean out of frame by excessive drinking, so that whofoever is deceived by wine or jirong drink, Prov. xx. hecometh, as Solomon faith, a mocker, or madman, so that he can never he wise. If any man think that he may drink much wine, and yet be well in his wits, he may as well suppose, as Seneca faith, that when he hath drunken poison, he shall not die. For wheresoever excessive drinking is, there must needs follow perturbation of mind; and where the belly is stufsed with dainty fare, there the mind is oppresled with slothful sluggishness. A full belly AdSrro- maketh a gross understanding, laith St. Bernard, and rem. Scr. nmch meat maketh a weary mind. But alas, now-aa+" days, men pass little either for body or mind; so they have worldly wealth and riches abundant to fatisfy their unmeasurable lusts, they care not what they do. They are not ashamed to shew their drunken faces, and to play the madman openly. They think themselves in good case, and that all is well with them, if they be not pinched by lack and poverty. Lest any of us therefore might take occasion to natter himself in this beastly kind of excess, by the abundance of riches, let us call to miiid what Solomon writeth in the twenty-sirst of his Proverbs, Pror. xxi. He that lovetb wine and sat sore, shall never he rich, faith he. And in the twenty-third chapter he maketh a veheProv. xxiii. ment exhortation on this wise: Keep not company zintb drunkards and gluttons, for the glutton and drunkard shall come to poverty.
He that draweth his patrimony through his throat, and eateth and drinketh more in one hour, or in one day, than he is able to earn in a whole week, must needs be an unthrift, and come to beggary. But some will fay, what need any to sind fault with this? He hurteth no man but himself, he is no man's foe but his own. Indeed I know this is commonly spoken in desence of these beastly belly-gods: but it is easy to see how hurtful they are, not only to themselves, but also to the commonwealth, by their example. Every one that meeteth them is troubled with brawling and contentious language, and ofttimes raging in beastly lusts, Like bigb-sed horses, they neigh on their neighhours wives, as Jeremy faith, and defile their children and daughters. Their example is evil to them among whom they dwell; they are an occasion of offence to many ; and whilst they waste their substance in banquetting, their own household is not provided of things neceffary, their wives and their children are evilly treat
ei, they have not wherewith to relieve their poor neighhours in time of neceffity, as they might have, if they lived soberly. They are unprositable. to the commonwealth: for a drunkard is neither (it to rule, nor to be ruled. They are a slander to the church or congregation of Christ, and therefore St. Paul doth excommunicate i Cor. T. them among whoremongers, idolaters, covetous persons, and extortioners, forbidding Christians to eat with any such. Let us therefore, good people, eschew, every one of us, all intemperancy, let us love sobriety and moderate diet, oft give ourselves to abstinency and fasiing, whereby the mind of man is more lifted up to God, more ready to all godly exercises, as prayer, hearing and reading God's word, to his spiritual comfort. Finally, whosoever regardeth the health and fasety of his own body, or wisheth always to be well in his wits, or desireth quietness of mina, and abhorreth fury and madness, he that would be rich, and escape poverty, he that is willing to live without the hurt of his neighbour, a prositable member of the commonwealth, a Christian without slander of Christ and his church, let him avoid all riotous and excessive banquetting, let him learn to keep such measure as behoveth him that proseffeth true godliness, let him follow St. Paul's rule, and so eat and drink to the glory and praile of God, who hath created all things to be soberly used with thanksgiving, to whom be all honour and glory for ever. Amen.
Excess of Apparel.
WHEREAS ye have heretofore been excited and stirred to use temperance of meats and drinks, and to avoid the excess thereof, many ways hurtful to the state of the commonwealth, and so odious before Almighty God, being the author avA giver of such creatures, to comfort and slablish our frail nature with thanks unto him, and not by abusing of them to provoke his liberality to severe punishing of that disorder. In Hke miinner it is convenient, that ye be admonished os another foul and chargeable excess: I mem of apparel, at these days so gorgeous, that neither Almighty Cod by his word can stay our proud curiosity in the lame, neither yet godly and necefffary laws, made by our princes, and oft repeated with the penalties, can bridle this detestable abuse, whereby both God is openly contemned, and the prince's laws manisestly disobeyed, to the great peril of the realm. Wherefore, that sobricty also in this excels may be espied among us, I shall declare unto you, both the moderate use of apparel, approved by God in his holy word, aud also the abuses thereof, which he forbiddeth and difalloweth, as it may appear by the inconveniences which daily increase, by the just judgment of God, where that measure is not kept, which he himself hath appointed. Is we consider the end and purpose whereunto Almighty God hath ordained his creatures, we shall easily perceive that he alloweth us apparel, not only for necessities lake, but also for an honest comeliness. Even as in herbs, trees, and sundry fruits, we have not only divers neceffary uses, but also the pleasant sight and sweet smell, to delight us withal, wherein we may behold the singular love of God towards mankind, in that lie hath provided both to relieve our necessities, and also to refresh our senses with an honest and moderate recreation. Therefore David, in the hundred and fourth Pfalm, Psai. c;r. consessing God's careful providence, sheweth that God not only provideth things neceffary for men, as herbs and other meats, but also such things as may rejoice and comfort, as wine to make glad the heart, oils and ointments to make the face to shine. So that they are altogether past the limits of humanity, who, yielding only to necessity, forbid the lawful fruition of God's benesits. With whose traditions we may not be led, if we give ear to St. Paul, writing to the Colossians, willing them not to hearken Cotoss. !i. unto such men as shall fay, Touch not, tajie not, handle not; luperstitiousty bereaving them of the fruition of God's creatures. And no lels truly ought we to beware, lest, under pretence of Christian liberty, we take licence to do what we list, advancing ourselves in sumptuous apparel, and despising others, preparing ourselves in sine bravery, to wanton, lewd, and unchaste behaviour. To the avoiding whereof, it behoveth us to be mindful of four leffons, 4 Lessons. taught in holy Scripture, whereby we shall learn to temper ourselves, and to reslrain our immoderate affections, to that measure which God hath appointed. The sirst is, I. that we make not provision for the slesh, to accomplish Rom. xiii. the lusts thereof, witii costly apparel* as that harlot did, of whom Solomon speaketh, Prov erbs vii. which persumedProv. vii. her hed, and decked it with cojlly ornaments of Egjpt, to the fulfilling of her lewd lull: but rather ought we by moderate temperance to cut off all occasions, whereby the slelli might get the victory. The second is written by St. 2. Paul, in the seventh chapter of his sirst Epistle to the Co- i Cor. vii. rinthians, where he teacheth us to use this world as though we used it not: whereby he ciitteth away not only all ambition, pride, and vain pomp in apparel; but also all inordinate care and affection, which withdraweth us from the contemplation of heavenly things, and consideration of our duty towards God. They that are much occupied in caring for things pertaining to the body, are most commonly negligent and careless in matters concerning the soul. Therefore our Saviour Christ willeth us not to Mau. vi. take thought what iveshall eat, or what we shall drink, or wherewith we shall he slothed; but rather to feck the kingdom us God, and the righteousness thereof. Whereby we may learn to beware, led we use thole things to our hindrance, which God hath ordained for our comfort and furtherance towards his kingdom. The third is, that we 3'
take in good part our estate and condition, and content ourselves with that which God scndeth, whether it be much or little. He that is ashamed of base and simple attire, will be proud of gorgeous apparel, if he may get
Ptul. iv it. We must learn therefore of the Apostle St. Paul both to use plentv, and also to suffer penury, remembering that we must yield accounts of those things which we have received unto him who abhorreth all excess, pride, ostentation, and vanity, who also utterly condemneth and difallowcth whatsoever draweth us from our duty towards God, or diminisheth our charity towards our neighbours and children, whom we ought to love as ourselves. The 4- fourth and last rule is, that every man behold and consider his own vocation, in' as much as God hath appointed every man his degree and ossice, within the limits whereof it bchoveth him to keep himself. Therefore all may not look to wear like apparel, but every one according to his degree, as God hath placed him. Which, if it were observed, many one doubtless should be compelled to wear a ruffet-coat, which now rusMeth in silks and velvets, spending more by the year in sumptuous apparel, than their fathers received for the whole revenue of their lands. But alas, now-a-days, how many may we hehold occupied wholly in pampering the rlesh, taking no care at . all, but only how to deck themselves, setting their affection altogether on worldly bravery, abusing God's goodness when he scndeth plenty, to latisfy their wanton lusts, having no regard to the degree wherein God hath
Deut. xx\x.placed them. The Israelites were contented with such apparel as God gave them, although it were base and simple. And God so bleffed them, that their shoes and clothes lasted them forty years; yea, and those clothes, which their fathers had worn, their children were contented to use afterwards. But we are never contented, and therefore we prosper not; so that most commonly he that rufHeth in his fables, in his sine furred gown, corked slippers, trim buskins, and warm mittens, is more ready to chill for cold, than the poor labouring man, which can abide in the sield all the day long, when the north wind blows, with a sew beggarly clouts about him. We are loth to wear such as our fathers have left us; we think not that sussicient or good enough for us. We must have one gown for the day, another for the night; one long, another Ihort; one for winter, another for summer; one through furred, another but faced; one for the workingday, another for the holy-day; one of this colour^ another