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same.

LONDON SATURDAY, JULY 5, 1862.

observed in the choice of their members. They

had a president, a secretary, an examiner, and
CONTENTS- No. 27.

two stewards. When there was a call of serjeants,
NOTES :- Society of Sea-Serjeants, 1 - Sensation History
Theroigne de Méricourt, 2 - Lowndes's Bibliographer's tend in their coifs and proper habit of the order,

that is, on their first admission, they were to at-
Manual : Notes on the New Edition, No. I., 3.
MINOR NOTES :- Leicester Town Library - John M'Ure

unless the president should dispense with the
alias Campbell - Battle at Cropredy Bridge - Dover Far-

A silver star, with the figure of a dolphin
thing, 5.

in the centre, was to be worn as a characterist
QUERIES: - Pope's Epitaph on the Digbys, 6- Belzebub's

Letter, 16. - De Coster, the Waterloo Guide, 7 - Alan de badge on the coat by every member during the
Galloway - Andrew Bates - Birds'-eggs - Berningh and week of meeting. And, " that there might be no
Ter Hoeven Families - Rowland Blakiston—"Catalonia,"
a Poem --- Coins, &c.- Epithalamium on Her Majesty's suspicion of their want of gallantry, they came to
Marriage - Gold Thread Work-Hampshire Registers a resolution, in the year 1749, to elect a lady
Heraldic Query - London Churches antè 1666 -- Old Bona
Fide - Old Sarum -- Philpot the Martyr- Queen Mary patroness- an unmarried lady of the town or
and Calais - Quotations Wanted - Did the Romans wear neighbourhood of their meeting "; and “that, as
Pockets - Short-hand - Sicilian Order - Tennyson : Ca-

soon as elected, the secretary was to wait on her
melot - Sir Martin Wright-Zurich Association for Micro-
scopical Science, 7.

with the badge of the Society; and that the mem-
QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:-"The Rival Friends "-"To bers, chaplain, and probationers, are allowed each

cotton to”—“The Marrow Controversy" - The Address of them to introduce a lady to attend the lady
to the Mummy, 9.

patroness to dine with the Society one day in the
REPLIES:- Coverdale's Bible, 10- Mr. Justice Heath, 11

week. That every member heard to curse or
Philips' (not Phillips's) "Cerealia," 12 - "A Hundred
Sonnets, " &c. - Quotation, References, &c. - Dr. Joseph swear, during the meeting in the public room, in-
Browne -" Ranæ Canoræ" - Sark - Lae-chow Islands - curred a penalty; as did every person who should
The Blanshards - Blake Family - Jacob and James-The
Reynoldses — Aërolites - Hooker's " Ecclesistical Polity presume to play at dice in the public room, the
- Hunter's Moon - The Rev. Jas. Gray – Shortened Pro- | heavy forfeiture of five guineas." The examina-
verbs - Gossamer - Nevison the Freebooter – Relative

tion of a candidate for admission to the Society
Value of Money - Board of Trade - Parodies on Gray's
" Eleky". Whig Superstition Singular Custom at was as follows:
Grantham (f), &c., 13.

« Τι εστί το όνομά σου και
Notes on Books, &c.

“ Do you bear true allegiance to His Majesty ?

“Are you a member of the Church of England as by
Notes.

law established ?

“ Will you be faithful to your friends in prosperity,
THE SOCIETY OF SEA SERJEANTS.

and cherish them in adversity ?

“ Do you desire to be admitted a member of this
This was the style and title of an association of Society?
gentlemen belonging to the four maritime coun- “Will you faithfully observe the rules and orders that
ties of South Wales. The Society was a secret

have been read to you?
one, having a peculiar form of initiation ; and the

“ Will you, upon the honour of a gentleman, keep the
members of it were all men of family and fortune. into it?"

secrets of the Society, and the form of your admission
They held an annual meeting at a seaport town,
or one which was within the reach of the tidal

From the period of the revival of the Society
influence. The ostensible (and I believe the real) Colonel William Barlow was the first; at his

until its dissolution, there were three presidents :
object of the gathering was the promotion of in-
nocent recreation and social intercourse ; but death, Richard Gwynne, Esq., of Taliaris, was
there were not wanting detractors, who attributed

elected president; and the first meeting under his
periodical assemblage of gentleman of station auspices was held at Tenby, on the 2nd of June,
influence in secret conclave to motives of a

1733. Mr. Gwynne died in 1752; and at a meet-
Ferent character. They were secretly and ing of the Society, held at Swansea on the 13th of
cused of disaffection to the

government,

June in the same year, Sir John Philipps, Bart., of
Aafficking with the exiled royal family. Picton Castle, was elected in his stead. In the year

ccusation, however, was always strongly 1754, when Sir John Philipps was candidate for
ala ndignantly repudiated by the sea-serjeants the city of Bristol, his being at that time presi-
themselves. The origin of the Society appears to

dent of the Society of Sea-serjeants was made
have been forgotten, as authentic record only the subject of various invectives, and tortured
traces it back to the year 1726; at which time it every way to prejudice him with the citizens ;
was revived. The rules and regulations then which drew forth the following answer from the
drawn up limited the number of members to honourable baronet :-
twenty-five. Gentlemen wishing to become mem- “I acknowledge that I am of that ancient Society,
bers were obliged to continue probationers one which is composed of gentlemen of the first rank and
year at least before they could be admitted, in fortune in Wales: gentlemen who are as good and as
case of a vacancy, to the participation of the full

well affected subjects as any in His Majesty's whole

dominions, and whose delight it always will be to see a
cegree of serjeant; such was the caution they great Prince, and a free and Aourishing people, mutually

0

66

striving to render each other happy. The intent, indeed, the

meeting, 21. 8s.; Ditto, for Richard, who was elected of our annual meeting (which is always at some seaport a Probationer, 21. 8s.; Ditto, for Mr Martin, and fortown, whence we are called sea-serjeants,) is to spend a feiture, 31. 98.; Breakfasts at ye Long Room, 3s. 6d.; week together in innocent mirth and recreation, as other hostler, 1s. 22nd. Returned to Picton." gentlemen in England do at a horse race; and for no “ 1761, June 18th. Went with my son to yo meeting of disloyal purpose whatsoever that I know of, and I defy ye Sea Serjeants at Cardigan; lodg'd at Revd Mr Davies's ; any person to charge us with anything of that nature.” din'd and supp'd at Black Lyon. Yo 19th Dr Philipps In order that a comparative estimate may be preach'd before the

Society. Ve 201. Rode to Blaenpant,

breakfasted with Dr Philipps, and returned, 28.; Miss formed of the difference between the price of Anna Louisa Lloyd, of Bronwydd, was elected Lady luxuries in those days and at the present time, I Patroness. Y 21•. Rode towards Cardigan Bar to see subjoin a bill of one day of their festive week: 'em fish for Salmon. Ye 22nd. Went up the River as far

as Kilgerran. Ye 23rd. Lady Patroness and the Ladies " THE SOCIETY OF SEA-SERJEANTS.

dined with us in the Town Hall, and at night there was “ Wednesday, July 31, 1745. a Ball there. Yo 24th. They breakfasted with us, and “ At Carmarthen.

then went up the River as far as Kilgerran; in ye Even“ Breakfast.

£ s. d. ing went on board Mr Vaughan's yacht. Ye 25th. Horse Tea and Coffee

0 5 6

bill, and for Post Chaise boys, 12. 78. 9d; hostler, 48.; Cards, three packs

0 4 6

Lodging for self and Son, 11. 11s. 6d. ; maid, 7s. 6d.; bar

ber, 6s.; Thos. Davies and David Thomas's board wages, 0 10 0

11. 18.; Mr Geo. Bowen's son's nurse, 2s. 6d. ; poor, 1s. ; “ Dinner.

Expense of the meeting, 21. 14s.; Ditto for my son, 21. 148. ; Thirty-one Gentlemen

3 17 6

Ditto for Mr Martin, and Fine, 31. 15s.; Ditto for Mr Red Port, twelve bottles

1 40

John Pugh Pryse, 31. 15s.; Lent James Philipps, Esqre, White Wine, two bottles

4 0

3.1 38.; breakfasts, 2s. ; Returned to Picton." Rhenish, six pints

0 60

“ 1762, July 31*. Went to the Meeting of the SeaAle, forty-two quarts

0 14 0

Serjeants at Haverford; lodg'd at Mr John Phillips's. Cyder, twenty-five quarts

0 84

Augt 2. Gave two Serjeants and Cover, 78. 6d. ; Poor, 1s. Punch

0 2 6

Ye 3d. My daughter Katharine was elected Lady PaTobacco

0 2 6

troness; and on the 5th, she, and 18 other Ladies, din'd

with the Society; danced at ye Ball at Long Room at “ Music.

night, and breakfasted with Them there ye 6th. Ye 7th. Four men's dinners, 2s.; ale, 1s. 4d.

0 34 Bill for Horses at the Angel, 8s. 8d.; Barbers, 6s. 6d.; Coffee, in the afternoon

0 2 0 Mr John Phillips's servts, 7s.6d; hostler, 1s.; Breakfasts Supper.

at Long Room, 3s. 6d.; Tho. Daries's board wages,

108. 6d. ; Expense of the meeting, 31. 2s.; Dittore Seventeen Gentlemen

0 17 0

Son, 31. 2s.; Ditto for Mr Will. Vaughan apa in feite , Ale, twenty quarts

0 68

41. 38.; Ditto for Mr Sparks Martin and Fare, 41. Cyder, six quarts

0 2 0

Recd for Mr Hitchins, 51. 58., and for Mistyilliams, **). 2. Punch

0 5 0

for Star for Lady Patroness, 11. is, and it dvertizing Tobacco, Raleigh Mansell, Esq.

0 02

ye Meeting, 198. Gd." Ale to the boatmen

0 08 Ale to the Music, at the bumper

0 1 0

I
possess no farther ;

aunt of the Sciey of Sea-Serjeants, so that it 19 obable at his 9 6 8"

was their last year o meeting. The Ripia Flor What the bumper was, I am not prepared to Sir John Philipps dient on the 22nd of!!!. say. It surely could not have been to “The King 1764, and there is no reord of any nre havin, over the Water"! Fenton, in his History of Pem- been elected as preciler i in his stead. Sir kichar brokeshire, says that the Society was dissolved in Philipps, Baron Milfori, oi the kingdom of Iran, the year 1760. This could not have been the was the last surviving member of the sucitis: case, as the following extracts from the Diary of and he died at Pic on Castle cat'?3th of Sir John Philipps will serve to show :

1823, in the eighty. third year of him “ July 11th, 1760. Mr Tho. Bowen, for two stars, one

JOHN PAVIN TU
for Lady Patroness, and one for Richard," 11. 1s. Yo 12th. Haverfordwest.
In ye evening went with Richard to ye meeting of the
Sea Serjeants at the Long Room at Haverfordwest ;
Ringers, 1l. 1s.; lay at Mr John Phillips's. Ye 13th. Dr

SENSATION HIST

TURF
James Philipps preached before us at St Mary's. Ye 15th.
Rode to Hubberstone, and went with ye Gentlemen of yo

MERI CAT
Society on board Sr Tho. Stepney's yacht; din'd on
board, sailed to Harbour's Mouth, and back to Langwm

The French Revolution they şu li Pool, where my barge met us, and took us to Haverford. rivalled field for the class of historians who love Yø 17. Lady Patroness (Miss Jenny Philipps), and 20 to indulge in this kind of narration, that it is no other Ladies, din'd with ye Society at Long Room; when wonder if scrupulous adhesion to fact is almost was a Ball at night, and I danc'd with Lady Patroness wholly abandoned by them as unromantic. Any Ye 18th, ye Ladies breakfasted with us there. Ye 19th. Mr John Phillips's Maid, 58.; his Man, 2s. 6d. ; barber,

one well acquainted with the recent performances 58.; Taylor's man, 2s. 6d. ; Gloves, 28. 10d. ; Expense of of distinguished writers in this line must be aware * Sir John Philipps's son, afterwards Lord Milford.

* Dr. Johnson's blind friend.

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of what the public in general bave hardly yet Lastly, a writer in the last number of Fraser's learnt-their utter worthlessness on matters of Magazine, more excusable, repeats the same story detail. Truth on these can only be attained by in as picturesque English as he can muster, doubta search among original authorities. If a story, less reposing implicit faith in such a current of or a received saying, illustrates a "principle," authorities. He should not, however, have vendown it goes without inquiry. If it is simply tured on an additional touch of colouring by mak“telling” and picturesque, down it goes equally; ing the mob pull Théroigne out of her carriageinquiry, which might perchance rub the gloss off in the Tuileries Gardens ! And yet the whole it, being in this case sedulously avoided, unless story is worth absolutely nothing. when a rival is to be criticised. The merest fic- As to the flagellation, it rests solely on a careless tions pass therefore from, hand to hand, and are rumour among the “faits divers” of a newspaper reproduced by one great man after another, until of the day, Prudhomme's Révolutions de Paris. one almost fancies that they must become facts at As to the consequent insanity, simply on the nolast by dint of repetition. Such instances as the torious fact, that the unhappy woman was some “ Last Supper of the Girondists,” the last word time afterwards mad. of Louis XVI., the sinking of the Vengeur, the But it did so happen that at the time of the heroism of Loirerolles, and many more will occur catastrophe in question, there was a worthy Gerto every one. I am about to adduce on the pre- man patriot in Paris, George Forster, whose sent occasion an example from a trifling subject genuine correspondence is as refreshing to the enough -- the misadventures of that pretty Re- soul, amidst high-seasoned dishings-up of the publican horse-breaker, Théroigne de Méricourt, events of the Revolution, as a slice of roast mutton which, fury as she was, have somehow or other encountered in a dinner of réchauffés. On the interested serious-minded historians, so as to be 22nd July, 1793, Forster dined in company with described by one after another with characteristic Miss Théroigne; that is, two months after her comments.

biographers have consigned her to a mad-house, I begin with our own distinguished “sensa- and had the courage to tell his wife of it; and this tion" writer, Mr. Carlyle. He recounts how she is what he has to say of her :was set upon in May, 1793, by angry patriotic “She talked much about the Revolution: her opinions women in the garden of the Tuileries :

were without exception strikingly accurate and to the “The demoiselle, keeping her carriage, is for liberty point. The ministry at Vienna she judged with a knowindeed, as she has full well shown: but then for liberty ledge of facts which nothing but peculiar readiness of with respectability. Whereupon these serpent-haired ex- observation could bave given .. Six or seven weeks treme she-patriots do now fasten upon, batter her, shame- ago the furies who sit in the tribunes of the Convention fully fustigate her, in their shameful way; almost fling dragged her out into the garden of the Tuileries, beat her her into the garden ponds, had not help intervened.” about the head with stones, and would have drowned her Whereupon, he adds, the ill-used woman soon

in the bassin if help had not fortunately arrived. But lost the little wits she possessed.

since that time she has frightful headaches, and looks

wretchedly ill .... She has a strong thirst for instrucM. Michelet next takes up the tale, and, like a tion; says she wishes to go into the country, and there veteran squire of dames as he is, recounts it with study to supply the deficiencies of her education. She the strongest expressions of sympathy.

wishes for the company of a well-informed man, who can And M. Louis Blanc, that austerest of correc

read and write well; and is ready to give him his board

and 2000 livres a year.” tors, who follows M. Michelet step by step, his critical ferula in hand, in order to chastise the A few months later she was no doubt mad in slightest slip from fact into romance, he too re

earnest, whether the “ headaches” were the compeats the story in the same reckless way as his mencement of her illness or no, as appears from a predecessors. He“ turns sick" (le caur se soulève letter which she addressed to Saint-Just from a de dégoût), over Théroigne's horrible humiliation, maison-de-santé. And that is the grain of truth "qui la rendit folle.”

at the bottom of a bushel of romance. Next come Messieurs Edmond and Jules de

JEAN LE TROUVEUR. Gencourt, who have not disdained to include poor Théroigne among their “Portraits intimes du 18me Siècle," with a great array of original au

LOWNDES'S BIBLIOGRAPHER'S MANUAL. thorities, but who merely repeat the old story, with a "sensation" paragraph as usual :

NOTES ON THE New Editiox. “Peu de jours avant le 31 Mai, Théroigne était aux

No. I. Tuileries. Un peuple de femmes criait, “A bas les Brissotins!' Brissot passe. Les sans-jupons l'entourent de A., B., The Haven of Hope, containing Godly hurlemens. Théroigne s'élance pour le défendre. “Ah! tu Prayers and Meditations, Lond. 1585. 16o. es Brissotine!' crient les femmes. •Tu vas payer pour Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. tous!' et Théroigne est fouettée. L'on ne revit plus Théroigne. Elle était sortie folle des mains des flagel- Abbot, Jesus prefigured, a Poem. 1623. 4o. leuses. Un hôpital avait refermé ses portes sur elle.” The Christian name of the author was John.

Abell (Thomas), Invicta Veritas : An answer Armstrong (Archibald), Banquet of Jests.

that by no manner of law it may be lawful Myles Davies (Athenæ Britannicæ, Part in.) speaks of for the King to be divorced. Luneberg, an edition, 1630." The edition of 1639 was in Harl. Col1532. 4°.

lection, Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth.

Arthur of Little Britain, History of. Academiarum quæ aliquando fuere, et hodie sunt

A damaged copy of edition by T. East (n. d.), sold at in Europa, Catalogus. Londini, 1590. 4o.

Sotheby's, in 1856, for 17s. Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth.

Articles : A Collection of Certain Slanderous ArAdy (Thomas), A Perfect Discovery of Witches.

ticles given out by the Bishops against the

faithful Christians whom they detain in prison, Lond. 1661. 4o.

n. p. 1590. 4. Omitted. A copy in the Bodleian.

Omitted. In Lambeth Library there are four copies. Æsop's Fables, translated by R. Henryson.

Articles devised by the King to staOf this version there appears, from the Catalogue of Sion College Library, to be a copy of an edition 1577 in

blysh Christian Quietnes and Unitie. Lond. that collection.

1536. 4o. Alba, Duke of, An Answer to a Letter lately sent

Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. to him by those of Amsterdam, translated by Ascham (R.), Apologia pro Cænâ Dominicâ. T. W. Lond., n. d. 12o.

Lond. 1577. 8°. Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth.

From the press of H. Middleton. In Lambeth Library

is a copy of the same date which, from the Catalogue, Albion's Queene, The Famous Historie of. Lon

seems to have been printed by F. Coldock. don, 1601. 4o. See Farmer's Catalogue, No. 5877.

Astræa, or the Grove of Beatitudes. Lond.

1665. 12o. Alcilia, Philoparthen's Loving Folly. Lond. 1613.

I believe Astræa to be an error for Ashraa, 12o. This volume is a 4to. Mr. Corser has a copy, formerly

Atcheleys (Thomas), History of Violenta and Di

daco. 1576. Bright's. It wants three leaves.

The author's name is Achelley, or Atchelley; but not Aleyn (C.), The Batailles of Crescey and Poitiers. Atchtleys. In the Return from Parnassus, 1606, he is Lond. 1631. 8°.

called Atchlow. The poem is a translation from Bandello. First Edition. There are two copies in the Museum. A copy is in the Malone Collection. Only one or two others are known.

The Key of Knowledge. Lond. Almansir, or Rhodomontados of the Most Hor- (1572), 12°

rible, Terrible, and Invincible Captain, Sir Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. This piece is in Frederick Fight-All. Engl. and Fr. Lond. prose. 1672. 8o.

Avale (Lemeke), Commemoration of Bastarde Omitted. Nassau, No. 30, 12' 38.

Edmonde Bonner. 1569. Alynton (Robert), Libellus Sophistarum.

Avale is an assumed name. The tract was not imAn edition by W. de Worde, 1530, 4to, is in the Pepy- probably written by one T. W., whoever he was, the sian Library at Cambridge.

author of The Recantation of Pasquin of Rome, 1570. Angel (Chr.), De Antichristo.

Aumale (Duke of), A True Discourse of His The full title of this book is : Labor Christophori Angeli

Discomfiture in Picardie by the Duke of Græci de Apostasiâ Ecclesiæ, et de Humano Peccato, Sci- Longueville. Lond. 1589. 40. licet ANTICHRISTO; et de Numeris Danielis et Apocalyp- Omitted. A copy is at Lambeth. seos : Londini, 1624, 4o. Dedicated to both Universities. Aratus, Phænomena (latino versu), per NICOLAUM

Austin (Samuel), Urania, or the Heavenly Muse. ALENUM ANGLUM. Parisiis, 1561. 4o.

Lond. 1629. 8°. Omitted. Some original) poems by Allen accompany

Naps Upon Parnassus. Lond. 1658. 8o. the volume. Bright had a copy, dated 1562.

These two works are quoted as if by one person : edition 1561, sold among Mitford's books in 1860. An- whereas the former was written against Samuel Austin other in Thorpe's Cat. for 1851 (poor), 10s. 6d.

the Elder, and the latter was written by several persons Aristophanes : Acharnians, Knights

, Birds, and against his son, Samuel Austin the Younger! Frogs, translated by J. H. Frere. 1839-40. Austin (Wm.), Certaine Devoute Meditations. 4o. (A Malta-printed book.)

Lond. 1635. Folio. Omitted.

Atlas Under Olympus; a Poem. Lond. Armin (Robert), Nest of Ninnies. Lond. 1608. 4o.

1664. 8°. A copy was in the Harleian Collection. Mr. Daniel

The Anatomy of the Pestilence; a Poem. of Canonbury, who is the fortunate possessor of both

Lond. 1666. 8°. volumes, informs me that this tract is nothing more than

Steps of Abuse. Daie. 1550. an abridgment of Foole upon Foole, Lond. 1605, 4o.

Hæc Homo. Lond. 1637. 12o.

A copy of

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