תמונות בעמוד

The Hangbird Water Pheasant

Yellow Titmoufe

Bahama do.
Little white Heron Water Pelican

Hooded do.
Heath-cock Pigeon of Passage

Yellow Rump
Humming bird White crowned Pigeon Towhe Bird
Purple Jackdaw, or Parrot of Paradise Red 'Thrush

Crow Blackbird Paroquet of Carolina Fox coloured Thiruth
King Bird

Little 7 bruih
King-fifher Rice-bird

Tropic Bird
Red bird

Turtle of Carolina

Summer Red-bird Water-wagtail
Large Lark

Blue Linnet Soree


Wakon Bird
Red Start

Purple Martin

Red winged Starling Large white-bellied
Nightingale Swallow

Chimney do,

Large red crefted do.

Gold-winged do.
Little Sparrow

Red-bellied do
Bahama do.

Hairy do.
Scrcetch Owl Stork

Red-hexed do,
American Partridge, Turkey

Yellow-bellied do.
or Quail
Wild Turkey

Smallek-fpotted do.
Pheatant, or Moun-Tyrant

tain Partridge Creited Titmoule Catesby observes, that the birds of America generally exceed those of Europe in the beauty of their plumage, but are much inferior to them in the melody of their notes.

The WATER PELICAN inhabits the Millimipi. Its pouch holds a peck.

The LARK is a lofty bird, and foars as high as anr of the inhabitants of the airy region . Hence the old proverb, - When she sky ialls we fall catch larks.'

The WHIP-POOR-will is remarkable for the plaintsre melody of its notes. It acquires its name from the noise it makes, which so th- people of the States founds Whip-foot-will, tv the Jedins luck-a-wifi. A ftriking proof how differently the same sounds impress different persons !

The Loom is a water fowl, of the fame ipecies of the Denchick. It is an exceedingly nimble bird, and to expert at diving, that it is with grcar difficulty killed.

The PARTRIDGE. In some paris of the country there are three or four different kinds of Pariridges, all of them larger than the Partridges of Eutope. What is called the Quail in New-England, is denominated Pariridge in the southern states, where the true cartridge is not to be found,

The WAKON-BIRD, which probably is of the same species with the Bird of Paradise, receives its name from the ideas the Indians have of its Superior excellence; the Wakon-bird being in their language the bird of the Great Spirit. It is nearly the line of the swallow, of a brown colour, Maded about the nock with a bright green. The wings use of a darker


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brown than the body. Its tail is composed of four or five feathers, which are three times as long as its body, and which are beautifully shaded with green and purple. It carries this fine length of plumage in the same manner as the peacock does his, but it is not known whether like him it ever railes it to an erect position,

The Whetsaw is of the cuckow kind, being, like that, a solitary bird, and scarcely ever seen. In the summer months it is heard in the groves, where it makes a noise like the tiling of a faw, from which circumftance it has received its name.

The HUMMING-BIRD is the smallest of all the feathered inhabitants of the air. Its plumage surpasses description. On its head is a small tuft of jetty black; its breast is red; its belly white; its back, wings and tail of the finest pale green : small specks of gold are scattered over it with inexprelible grace: and to crown the whole, an almost imperceptible down fotiens the several colours, and produces the most pleafing (hades. Of the Snakes which infest the United States, are the following, viz. The Rattle Snake

Corn do.
Small Rattle Snake Hognofe do.
Yellow Rattle Snake House do.
Water Viper

Greer do.
Black Viper

Wampum do.
Brown Viper

Glass do.
Copper-bellied Snake Bead do.
Blueith-green Snake Wallor-House Adder
Black Snake

Striped or Garter Snake
Ribbon do.

Water Snake
Spotted Ribbon do. Hifing do.
Chain do.

Thorn-tail'd do.
Joint do.

Speckled do.
Green-spotted do. Ring do.
Coachwhip do.

Two-headed do. The THORN-TAIL Snake is of a middle size, and of a very venomous nature. It receives its name from a thorn, like a dart, in its tail, with which it inflicts its wounds.

The Joint SNAKE is a great curiosity. Its fir is as hard as parchmeni, and as smooth as glats. It is beautifully itreaked with black and white. It is fo ltitit

, and lias fo few joints, and those to unyielding, that it can hardly bend itself into the form of a hoop. When it is struck, it breaks like a pipe item; and you may, with a whip, break it from the tail to the howels into pieces not an inch long, and not produce the lealt tincture of blood. It is not venomous.

The Two-HEADED SNAKE. Whether this be a distinct species of snakes intended to propagate its kind, or whether it be a montreus production, is uncestain. The only ones I have h nown or heard of in this country, are, one isken near Champlain in 1762, and one preserved in the Museum of Yale College, in New Haven. The soakes are not so numerous nor so venomous in the northern as in uthern Itates. In the latter, however, the inhabitants are furnished


Sheep Tick

Black Warp

with a much greater variety of plants and herbs, which afford immediate relief to persons bitten by these venomous creatures. It is an observation worthy of perpetual and grateful remembrance, that wherever venomous animals are found, the God of nature has kindly provided sufficient antidotes against their poison.

Of the astonishing variety of Insects found in America, we will mention The Glow Worm

Earth Worm Louse

Leg or Guinea do. Wood Louse

Naked Snail Forty Legs, or Centipes Bee
Shell Snail Caterpillar

Humble Bee
Tobacco Worm Adder Bolt
Wood Worm Cicada, or Locust

Yellow Wasp
Silk Worın Man-gazer

Wall Louse, or Bug Cock Roche

Sow Bug

Sand Fly
Horn Bus


Fire-Fly, or Bug Spider
To these may be added die infect, which of late years has proved so de-
structive to the wheat in many parts of the middle and New-England
States, commonly, but erroneoully, called the Hellian Fly.

The ALLIGATOR is a species of the crocodile, and in appearance one of the ugliest creatures in the world. They are amphibious, and live in and about creeks, swamps, and ponds of ftagnant water. They are very fond of the flesh of dogs and hogs, which they voraciously devour when they have opportunity. They are aifo very fond of fill, and devour vast quantities of thea. When tired with filling, they leave the water to bak themselves in the fun, and then appear more like logs of half rotten wood thrown athore by the current, than living creatures; but upon perceiving any rellel or person near them, they immediately throw themselves into the water.

Some are of lo monstrous a fize as to exceed five yards in length. During the time they lie balking on the shore, they keep thcir huge mouths wide open till filled with musketoes, flies, and other infects, when they suddenly ihut cheir jaws and swallow their prey.

The alligator is an oviparous creature. The female makes a large hole in the sand near the brink of a river, and there deposits her eggs, which are as white as those of a hen, but much larger and more folid. She generally lays about an hundred, continuing in the same place till they are ail deposited, which is a day or two. She then covers them with the sand, and the better to conceal them, rolls herself not only over her precious depositum, but to a considerable distance. After this precaution, the returns to the water, and tarties until natural instinct informs her that it is time to deliver her young from their confinement; she then goes to the spot, attended by the male, and tearing up the sand, begins to break the eggs ; but so carefully that scarce a fingle one is injured, and a whole fwarm of little alligators is seen crawling about. The female then takes them on


Cend others in their stead for the remainder of the year. No state was to be represented in Congress by less than two, or more than seven membess; and no person could be delegate for more than three years, in any term of fix years; nor was any person, being a delegate, capable of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or any other for his benefit, hould receive any falary, fees, or emolument of any kind, In determining questions in Congress, each date was to have one vote, Every state was bound to abide by the determinations of Congress in all questions which were submitted to them by the confederation. The articles of confederation were to be invariably observed by every state, and the union to be : perpetual; nor was any alteration at any time hereafter to be made in any. of the articles, unless such alterations be agreed to in Congress, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every state. The articles of confederation were ratified by Congress, July 9, 1778.

These articles of confederation, after eleven years experience, being found inadequate to the purposes of a fæderal government, for reasons hereafter mentioned, delegates were chosen in each of the United States, to meet and fix upon the necessary amendments. They accordingly met in convention at Philadelphia, in the summer of 1987, and agreed to propose the following constitution for the confideration of their conAtituents; We ,

fect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Conftitution for the United States of America,

A RT I Ç L E I, Seat, 1. ALL legislative powers herein granted hall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Seat. 2. The House of Representatives fhall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several itates, and the electors in each state hall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the molt numerous branch of the state legislature,

No person shall be a representative who thall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that date in which he shall be chosen,

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several kates which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, asid excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons, The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the firit meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every sublequent term of ten years, in fuch manner as they shall by law direct. The pumber of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative ; and until such enuperacion shall be made, the itate of New Hampthire fhall be entitled ta


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choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Inand and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York fix, New-Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland fix, Virginia ten, North-Carolina five, South-Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the Executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers; and shall have the fole power of impeachment.

Se&t. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third

may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.

The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the senate, but Mall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall exercise the office of president of the United States.

The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice shall preside : And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust, or profit under the United States ; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment according to law.

Seet. 4. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, Mall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter fuch regulations, except as to the places of choofing senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Seft. 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum do business ; but a smaller nu may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent


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