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porcelain, rice, ginger, amber, pepper, cinnamon, a great variety of me dicinal drugs, and sugar*.
Government.] The Great Mogul is an absolute monarch; but there are fome princes in his dominions, called Rajahs, who maintain their inde. pendency. The other kings and princes of India are likewife abfolute, but some of them tributary, the weaker to the more powerful.
Religion.] The Moors or Moguls, who are a Mixture of Tartars, Perfians, Arabs, &c. are Mahometans; but the natives of India, who are by far the most numerous, are chiefly Pagans, worshipping idols of various shapes; many chriftians are settled on the coast.
Charafer.] In genera! the Indians are ingenious in arts, civil to stran. gers, and pretty just in their dealings; some are of a swarthy complexion, others are black as jet. They marry very young, the males before 14. females at 10 or 11. A man is in the decline of life at 30, and the beauty of the woman is on the decay at 18; at 25 they have all the marks of old age.
Hirory. ] The first conqueror of the whole of this country was Jen. ghis Khan, a Tartarian prince, who died A. D. 1226. In 1399, Timur Bek, by conqueft, became Great Mogul. The Dynasty continued in his family till the conquest of Tamerlane in the 15th century, whofe defcende „ents have possessed the throne from that time; but Kouli Khan, the fa. mous Sophi of Persia, considerably diminished the power of the Moguls, carried away immense treasures from Delhi; and since that event many of the Rajahs and Nabobs, have made themselves independent.
* For the Constitution, Government, and the rising Advantages of the Eat Indies 10 Great Britain we muf beg leave to refer our Readers to a uw Work, intituled, A Sketch of the late Arrapgements, and a Review of the rising Resources of Bengal; by Thomas Law, Esq. late a Member of the Council of Revenue in Fort William. Printed for J. Stockdale. 1792.
Air, Soil and Productions.] The air of Egypt is for the most part very hot and unwholesome; but the soil is exceedingly fruitful, occasioned by the annual overflowing of the Nile, which leaves a fattening Nime behind it. Those parts not overflowed by the Nile are uncultivated, sandy and barren. Egypt produces corn, rice, sugar, flax, linen, falt, sal ammoniac, balsam, and various forts of fruits and drugs.
Religion and Government.] Egypt is governed by a Bashaw sent from Conftantinople, being a province of the Turkish empire. The Turks and Arabs are Mahometans. Mahometanism is the established religion of Egypt; but there are many Christians called Copts, and the Jews are very numerous.
Égype is famous for its pyramids, those ftupendous works of folly. The Egyptians were the only people who were acquainted with the art of embalming or preserving dead bodies from putrefaction. Here is the river Nile celebrated for its fertilizing inundacions, and for the fubtle, voracious crocodiles which inhabit its shores. This was the theatre of those remarkable tranfactions, which make up the beautiful and affecting hilory of Joseph. Here Pharaoh exhibited scenes of cruelty, tyranny, and oppreffion towards the Israelites, in the course of their 400 year bondage to the Egyptians. Here too Mofes was born, and was preserved in the little ark, among the flags on the banks of the Nile. Here, through the inftrumentality of this great man, the Egyptians were aflicted with many grievous plagues, which induced them at last to let Israel go. Here Mofes, with his rod, divided the Red fea, and Israel pafled it on dry land ; which the Egyptians attempting to do, were overwhelmed by the returning of the waters. To this scene, succeeded the Israelites memorable 40 years march throngh the deferts of Arabia, before they reached the land of Canaan.
B A R BA RY.
PARBARY (including Bildulgerid) is bounded fouth, by Zaara ,
O east, by Egypt; north, by the Mediterranean; weft, by the Arlantic Ocean ; lengih 2300 miles, breadth 700.
Air, Soil and Productions.] The states, under the Roman empire, were juftly denominated the garden of the world. The air is temperate, and generally healthful. The soil is rich, producing plenty of corn, fruits and pasture. But some parts are sandy and barren, and others are overrun with woods and mountains.
Character. The Moors, who are the original inhabitants of Barbary, dwell chiefly in Morocco, and are said to be a covetous, inhospitable, treacherous people. The Arabs, who are dispersed all over this country, follow their conimon trade of robbing travellers.
The women of Tunis are excesively handsome, and very delicate. They improve the beauty of their eyes, by the use of the powder of lead: ore, supposed to be the same pigment that Jezebel made use of (II Kings ix. 30.; to paint her face; the words in the original fignifying, that the fet of her eyes with the powder of lead-orc.