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TS a tract of country, 7 or 800 miles long, and 2 or 300 broad, at tho I fouthern extremity of the American continent.
Climate, Soil, and Prodnētions. This country is full of high mountains, which are covered with snow most of the year. The forms of wind, rain, and snow here are terrible. The foil is very barren and has never been cultivated,
Inhabitants, Character, &c.] The natives live in thatched huts, and wear no cloaths, notwithftanding the rigour of the climate. They live chiefly on fish and game, and what the earth spontaneously, produces,
They are of a tawny complexion, have black hair, and are a gigantic, brare, hardy, active race. Their arms are bows and arrows headed with Aints. We know nothing of their government or religion.
History.] Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of Spain, firft discovered this country; at least he was the first that failed through the straits called by his name. Magellan passed these straits in the year 1519. The continent is often called Terra Magellanica; and the largeft of the neighbouring illes, from a volcano in it, is called Terra del Fuego, the most southerly point of which is called Cape Horn.
Upon the first discovery of the Straits of Magellan, the Spaniards built forts and fent fome colonies thither; but most of the people perished with cold and hunger; fince which time no settlements have been attempted here by any Europeans.
West India Islands. These belong to Great Britain, Spain, France,
Holland and Denmark.
TO GREAT BRITAIN belong, Bermudas, the Bahama islands, Ja
1 maica, Barbadoes, Antigua, St. Christopher's, Grenada, and the Grenadines, Nevis, Montserrat, Barbuda, Dominica, St. Vincent, Anguilla,—to which we may add their northern islands, Newfoundland, Cape Breton, and St. John's. Jamaica, the largest of the Weft India iflands, is computed to produce annually 70,000 tons of sugar, upwards of 4,000,000 gallons of rum, besides coffee, cocoa, indigo, and pepper.
To Spain belong, the island of Cuba, one half of St. Domingo, Porto Rico, Trinidad, Margaretta, Tortuga, Virgin islands, to which we may add the island of Juan Fernandes, which lies 300 miles west of Chili, in the Pacific Ocean, famous for having given rise to the celebrated romance of Robinson Crusoe. The story is this: One Alexander Selkirk, a Scotchman, was left ashore in this folitary place, where he lived a number of years, till he was taken up by Capt. Rogers, 1709; he had almost forgotten his native language, seeming to speak his words by halves. During his residence on the island, he had killed 500 goats by running them down, and he had marked as many more on the ear which he had let go. Upon his return to England he was advised to publish an account of his life and adventures, in his little kivgdom. For this purpose he gave his papers into the hands of one Delue, to prepare them for publication. But the writer, by the help of these papers, transformed Alexander Selkirk inco Robinson Crusoe *.
To the French belong, the largest part of the island of St. Domingo the islands of Martinique, Guadaloupe, St. Lucia, Maria Galante, Tobago, St. Bartholomew, and Deseada, and the North American ilands Se,
* A Calle&tion of Forty-two Plans of the capital Cities in Europe, and Fome remarkable Cities in Asia, Africa, and America, with a Description of tbeir most remarkable Buildings, Trade, Situation, Extent, &c. &c. fee Leiled from the best Autborities. By Mr. John Andrews. Printed for J. Stockdale.
Divisions, Population. &c.] The following table *, exhibits the latelt and most accurate account of the grand divisions of Europe—of their ex. tent, and real and comparative population, of any extant.
Number of inGrand divisions of Area of these population.
habitants in Public Reve Europe. tates in Square
each square nue in ftermiles.
mile. ling money. Russia, (in Europe) | 1,104,976 | 20,000,000
27,376 | 2,000,0001 65 1,800,000 Hungary & Tran: 1 sylvania,
92,112 5,170,000 56 Spain,
148,448 | 10,000,000 68 5,000,000 Turkey, 182,562 7,000,000
5,000,000 Total / 2,712,114144,130,000! 140 * Zimmerman's “ Political Survey,' + Exclufarve of Ireland.
Of Old Spain alone.
Military and Marine Strength.] The land forces of the European ftates, in the year 1783, were as follows:
37,000 30,000 26,000 20,000
France. - - 300,000
Europe - - 290,000
in Europe, only - 170,000 Spain (including militia) 60,000 Denmark
- 72,000 Great Britain (including militia) ...
58,000 Sweden - - 50,000 Sardinia - -' 40,000
Holland - . -
the Palatinate -
24,000 15,000 20,000 15,000 8,000 6,000 5,000 3,000
Including the parts of Europe omitted in this calculation, the armies of all the countries of Europe, amount to two millions of men ; so that supposing one hundred and forty millions of inhabitants in Europe, no more ihan jo of the whole population are soldiers,
Number of Ships of the Line, Frigates, Cutters, Sloops, &c. England - - - 465 Russia - - - 63 France - , ' 266 Sardinia - - - 32 Spain - - - 130 Venice . . - 30 Holland - - - 95 Sicily - - - 25 Sweden - - - 85 Portugal - - - 24 Denmark Turkey