תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

11,882

I 20

438

52,126

203

M, shingles,

· Exports of Georgia, of the crops of 1755, 1760, 1765, 1770, and 1772.

1755. 1760.

1765. 1770. 1772. Barrels of rice,

2,399 3,283 12,224 22,129 23,549 Pounds of indigo,

4,508 11,746 16,019 22,336 Lbs. deer-kins, 49,995 65,705 200,695 284,840 213,475 Lbs. beaver-skins,

2,298 1,800 1,469 632 Lbs. raw silk,

558 711 290 485 Lbs. tanned leather, 3,250 34,725 34,575 44,539 M. feet of timber, 387 283 1,879

1,806 2,163 Lbs. of tobacco,

13,447) 176,732 M, staves,

80 661

466 988 240 581 3,722

2,897

3,525 Oars and handspikes,

1,112 528 96 Lbs. of hemp,

1,860 259 Bbis, turpentine,

103

40 Barrels of pitch,

80

364 Barrels of tar, 45 425 486

105

298 Barrels of pork,

8 394 521

628 Barrels of beef,

141

555 Hogs and shoats,

1,360

605 574 Bushels of corn,

600
7,805 13,598

11,444 Lbs. of flour,

1,000 Bushels rough rice, 237

208 3,113 7,064 2,627 Bushels of peas,

400

300
601

140 Lbs. sago-powder,

14,435 Gals. orange-juice,

605 284 Lbs. of tallow,

1,079 Lbs. of bees and

960 3,910 2,170 myrtle-wax,

4,058 1,954 Horses,

209 345 257 Mules,

30

IO Steers and cows,

16

69

32 136

20 40 76

14

639

18,405

100

}

48

Value, in sterling money, of the exports of Georgia, for eighteen years. do A.

£ 1755, 15,744 1761, 15,870 1767, 67,092 1756, 16,776 1762, 27,021 | 1768,

92,284 1757, 15,649 1763, 47,551 | 1769,

86,480 1758, 8,613 1764, 55,025 | 1770,

99,383 1759,

12,694 1765, 73,426 1771, 106,387 1760, 20,852 1766,

81,228 | 1772,

121,677 Statement of the number of vefels cleared out of Georgia, from 1755 to 1772. Square-rigged Sloops.

Square-sigged Sloops. tons. 1755, 9 43 1,899 1759, 13 35 1,981 1756, 7 35 1,799 1700, 7

30

1,457 1757, 33 1,559 1761,

9

1,604 1758, 17 665 1762,

35 2,784 Gg

1763

tons.

[ocr errors]

36

22

10,406

36

58
79

IZI

84

one year

3763, 34

4,761 | 1768, 77 109 17647 5,586 1769, 87 94

9,276 7765 54 94 7,685 1770, 73 113

10,514 1766, 68 86

9,974 1771,
64

9,553 1767, 62

92
8,465 | 1772,

133

11,246 It is impossible to tell, with accuracy, what has been the amount of exports in any one year since the peace, owing to the confusion into which affairs of this kind were thrown by the late war. In return for the numerated exports are imported, Weft-India goods, teas, wines, various articles of clothing, and dry goods of all kinds.-From the northern states, cheese, fish, potatoes, apples, cyder and shoes. The imports and exports of this state are to and from Savannah, which has a fine harbour, and is a place where the principal commercial business of the state is transacted, The manufactures of this state have hitherto been very inconsiderable, if we except indigo, filk and fago. In 1766, 1084 lbs. of raw silk were exported. So large a quantity, however, has not been exported in any

before or since.' The culture of silk and the manufacture of fago, are at present but little attended to. The people in the lower part of this state manufacture none of their own clothing for themselves or their negroes. For almost every article of their wearing apparel, as well as for their husbandry tools, they depend on their merchants, who import them from Great-Britain and the northern states. In the upper part of the country, however, the inhabitants manufacture the chief part of their cloathing from cotton and from flax.

Military strength.] In Georgia there are supposed to be about 8000 fighting men, between fixteen and fifty years of age. Of these, 2,340 are in Wilkes county, 6co in Chatham, and 424 in Liberty county:

Population, Character, Manners, &c.] No actual census of the inhabitants of this state has been taken fince the war. Population, since the peace of 1783, has increased with a surprising rapidity. It is conjectured that emigrations from Europe, the northern states, but principally from the back parts of Virginia, and North and South Carolinas, have more than tripled the number of inhabitants in the last fix years. From the most probable calculations there are, exclusive of Indians, upwards of 40,000 inhabitants in Georgia, of whom one third part at least are Naves. : In the grand convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, the inhabitants of this state were reckoned at 90,000, including three-fifths of 20,000 negroes. But from the number of the militia, which has been ascertained with a considerable degree of accuracy, there cannot be at most, more than half that number..

No general character will apply to the inhabitants at large. Collected from different parts of the world, as intereft, necessity or inclination led them, their character and manners muft of course partake of all the varieties which distinguish the several states and kingdoms from whence they came. There is so little uniformity, that it is difficult to trace any governing principles among them. An aversion to labour is too predominant, dwing in part to the relaxing heat of the climate, and partly to the want of neceßlity to excite industry. An open and friendly hospitality, particu. 6

larly

1.

larly to ftrangers, is an ornamental characteristic of a great part of this people.

Their diversions are various. With some, dancing is a favorite amusement. Others take a fancied pleasure at the gaming table, which, however, frequently terminates in the ruin of their happiness, fortunes, and conftitutions. In the upper counties, horse racing and cock fighting prevail, two cruel diversions imported from Virginia, and the Carolinas, from whence those who practise them principally emigrated. But the most rational and universal amusement is hunting, and for this Georgia is para ticularly well calculated, as the woods abound with plenty of deer, racoons, rabits, wild turkies, and other game; at the fame time the woods are fo thin and free from obstructions, that you may generally ride half speed in the chace, without danger. In this amusement pleasure and profit are blended. The exercise, more than any other, contributes to health, and fits for activity in business, and expertness in war; the game also affords them a palatable food, and the fins a profitable article of commerce.

Religion.] In regard to religion, politics and literature, this state is yet in its infancy. In Savannah is an Episcopal church, a Presbyterian church, a Synagogue, where the Jews pay their weekly worship, and a German Lutheran church, supplied occasionally by a German minister from Ebenezer, where there is a large convenient stone church, and a settlement of sober industrious Germans of the Lutheran religion. In Augusta they have an Episcopal church. In Midway is a society of Christians, established on the congregational plan. Their meeting house was burnt by the British, 1778; since which they have erected a temporary one in its room. Their ancestors emigrated in a colony from Dorchester, near Boston, about the year 1700, and settled at a place named Dorchester, about 20 miles southwest of Charleston, South Carolina. In 1752, for the sake of a better climate, and more land, almost the whole society removed and settled at Midway. With few intesruptions, occafioned by the deaths of their ministers, and the late war, in which they greatly suffered, they have had a preached gospel constantly among them. They, as a people, retain in a great meaTure, that fimplicity of manners, that unaffected piety and brotherly love, which characterised their ancestors, the firft settlers of New England. The upper counties are supplied, pretty generally, by Baptist and Me. thodist ministers. But the greater part of the ftate, is not supplied by minitters of any denomination.

Constitution.] The numerous defects in the present constitution of this ftate, induced the citizens, pretty univerfally, to petition for a revision of it. It was accordingly revised, or rather a new one was formed, in the course of the last year, nearly upon the plan of the constitution of the United States *, but has not yet been adopted by the state.

The state of literature.] The literature of this state, which is yet in its infancy, is commencing on a plan which affords the moft flattering profpects. It seems to have been the design of the legislature of this state, as far as possible, to unite their literary concerns, and provide for them in common, that the whole might feel the benefit, and no part be neglected or left a prey to party rage, private prejudices and contentions, and consequent ignorance, their infeparable attendant. For this purpose, the literature of this state, like its policy, appears to be considered as one ob

See • Jackson's Constitution of the American States, published by order Congress,'-printed for Mr. Stockdale.

jecto

G g *

ject, and in the fame manner fubje&t to common and general regulations for the good of the whole. The charter containing their present fyftem of education, passed in the year 1785 A college, with ample and liberal endowments, is instituted in Louisville, a high and healthy part of the country, near the center of the state. There is also provision made for the institution of an academy, in each county in the state, to be supported from the same funds, and confidered as parts and members of the fame institution, under the general superintendence and direction of a prelident and board of trustees, appointed, for their literary accomplishmedis, from the different parts of the state, invested with the customary powers of corporations. The institution thus composed, is denominated The University of Georgia.'

That this body of literati, to whom is intrusted the direction of the general literature of the Itate, may not be so detached and independant, as not to pofless the confidence of the state, and in order to secure the aitention and patronage of the principal officers of government, the governor and council, the speaker of the house of assembly, and the chief jur. tice of the state, are ated with the board of trustees, in some of the great and more folemn duties of their office, such as making the laws, appointing the president, settling the property, and instituting academies. Thus ailociated, they are denominated. The Senate of the University,' and are to hold a ftated, annual meeting, at which the governor of the state presides.

The fenate appoint a board of commissioners in each county, for the particular management and direction of the acaderny, and the other schools in each county, who are to receive their initructions from, and are accountable to the senate. The rector of each academy is an officer of the university, to be appointed by the president, with the advice of the trustees, and commissioned under the public feal, and is to attend with the other officers at the annual meeting of the fenate, to deliberate on the general interests of literature, and to determine on the course of instruction for the year, throughout the university. The president has the general charge and oversight of the whole, and is from time to time to visit them, to examine into their order and performances.

The funds for the fupport of their institution, are principally in lands, amounting in the whole to about fifty thousand acres, a great part of which is of the best quality, and ai present very valuable. There are also nearly fix thousand pounds iterling in bonds, houses, and town lots in the town of Augufta. Other public property to the amount of £.1000, in each county, has been fet apart for the purposes of building and furnishing their respective academies. The funds originally deligned for the support of the orphan house, are chiefly in rice plantations and negroes. As the countess of Huntingdon has not, fince the revolution, expressed her intention concerning them, they lie at present in a very unproductire firuation.

Ijlands.] The whole coaft is bordered with islands, affording, with few interruptions, an inland navigation from the river Savannah to St. Mary's. The principal islands are Skidaway, Warsaw, Csabaw, St. Catharine's, Sapelo, Frederica, Jekyl, Cumberland and Amelia.

Indians.] The Muskogee or Creek Indians inhabit the middle parts of this state, and are the moft numerous tribe of Indians of any wähin the

2

limits of the United States. Their whole number is 17,280, of which 5,860 are fighting men. Their principal towns lie in latitude 32° and longitude n° 20' froin Philadelphia. "They are settled in a hilly but not mountainous country. The soil is fruitful in a high degree, and well watered, abounding in creeks and rivulets, from whence they are called the Creek Indians.

The SEMINOLAS, a division of the creek nation, inhabit a level, flat country on the Appalachicola and Flint rivers, fertile and well watered.

The CHACTAWS, or flat heads, inhabit a very fine and extensive tract of hilly country, with large and fertile plains intervening between the Alabama and Missisippi rivers, in the weltern part of this state. This nation have 43 towns and villages, in three divisions, containing 12,123 souls, of which 4,041 are fighting men.

The Chicasaws are settled on the head branches of the Tombeckbe, Mobile, and Yazoo rivers, in the north-west corner of the state. Their country is an extensive plain, tolerably well watered from springs, and of a pretty good foil. They have 7 towns, the central one of which is in latitude 34° 23', and longitude 14° 30' west. The number of souls in this nation have been reckoned at 1725, of which 575 are fighting men.

History.] The settlement of a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamáha, was meditated in England in 1732, for the accommodation of poor people in Great-Britain and Ireland, and for the further security of Carolina. Private compassion and public spirit conspired to promote the benevolent design.-Humane and opulent men suggested a plan of transporting a number of indigent families to this part of America, free of expence. For this purpose they applied to the King, George the IId. and obtained from him leiters patent, bearing, date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into execution what they had generously projected. They called the new province Georgia, in honour of the King, who encouraged the plan. A corporation, consisting of 21 perfons, was conftituted by the name of the trustees, for fettling and eitablishing the colony of Georgia, which was separated from Carolina by the rirer Savannah.—The trustees having firit set an example themselves, by largely contributing to the scheme, undertook also to folicit benefactions from others, and to apply the money towards clothing, arming, purchasing utensils for cultivation, and transporting such poor people as should consent to go over and begin a settlement. They did not confine their charitable views to the subjects of Britain alone, but wisely opened a door for the indigent and opprefled proteitants of other nation. To prevent a misapplication of the money, it was depofited in the bank of England.

About the middle of July, 1732, the trustees for Georgia held their first meeting, and chofe Lord Percival president of the corporation-and ordered a common seal to be made.--In November following, 116 settlers embarked for Georgia, to be conveyed thither free of expence, turnithed with every thing requisite for building and for cultivating the foil. James Oglethorpe, one of the truttees, and an active pronoter of the settlement, embarked as the head and director of these fertlers. They arrived at Charleston early in the next year, where they met a friendly reception from the governor and council. Mr. Oglethorpe, accompasicd by William Bull, shortly after his arrival, visited Georgia, and after

reconiz

Gg3

« הקודםהמשך »