תמונות בעמוד

from iff of January, 1783, to if January, 1787, both inclusive.

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3559471 880,471

880,471 11783 to 1784 178,370 134,696 745,775 966,411 1811,749,475 141784 to 1785 466,564 373,251 41,376,224 10 550,438 161,995,474 101785 to 1986 463,576 370,860 161,624,613 14 336,466 42,042,310 12 1786 to 1987 519,436 415,548 161,626,761 16

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N. B. The above exports are the produce of South-Carolina, and are exclusive of dry goods, rum, sugar, fàlt, coffee, &c. shipped to North-Carolina, Georgia, Eait-Florida, Bahamas and Savannah, neither are the exports from George-town and Beaufort included therein, though at a moderate calculation all those articles for the above years may be estimated at

In the exports, specie is not included, though it is thought that the fam annually sent from hence is from £.150,000 to £.200,000 at leaft.

of 1000 negroes) to fhew the period of time necessary for the extinguishment of the on the foregoing principles.

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11,577,500 Jan. 87 to 1 Jan. 88 |53,875 1,396,375 1 Jan. 88 to 1 Jan. 89 144,818 15 1,206,193 15 1 Jan. 89 to 1 Jan. 90 135,309 13 91,006,503 891 Jan. 90 to 1 Jan. 91 125,325 3 3 796,828 12 Jan. 91 to 1 Jan. 92 114,841 8 576,670

to i Jan. 93

500,000 1,077,500 500,000 896,375 500,000 706,193 15 500,000 506,503 89) 500,000 296,828 12 500,000 76,670


Jan. 92

Ff 4

The balance of £.500,000 sterling is the supposed amount of the for reign private debt of this state at the commencement of the late war.

The foregoing calculations were made during the period the inftalment act was in progress in the legislature, and is more unfavourable to the state of the debt, than any other that was produced at that time, except some that were calculated with a view to exter the instalments as far as poffible; but as the importation of negroes is prohibited for three years, the balance of debt at the end of that time, say March 1790, will be reduced to 1.580,093.

It is to be observed that the value of exports in this calculation, are not rated higher than the nominal value here in the late bad seasons; so that a few successful crops would decrease the debt in a much greater degree.

Practice of the Law, Courts, &c.] From the first fettlement of this coun, try in 1669, to the year 1769, a single court, called the Court of Common Pleas, was thought sufficient to transact the judicial business of the state. This court was invariably held at Charleston, where all the records were kept, and all civil business transacted. As the province increased, inconveniences arose, and created uneasiness among the people.

To remedy these inconveniences, an act was paffed in 1769, by which the province was divided into seven diftricts, which have been mentioned. The Court of Common Pleas (invested with the powers of the same court in England) fat four times a year in Charleston. By the above-mentioned act, the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas were cmpowered to fit as Judges of the Court of Sessions, invested with the powers of the Court of King's Bench, in England, in the criminal jurisdiction. The act likewise directed the Judges of the Courts of Common Pleas and Sessions in Charleston dittrict, to divide, and two of the Judges to proceed on what is called the Northern Circuit, and the other two on the Southern Circuit, distributing justice in their progress. This was to be done twice in the year. This mode of adminiftering justice continued till 1785, when, by the unanimous exertions of the two upper districts, an act was passed, eftablishing county courts in all the counties of the four districts of Camden, Ninety-Six, Cheraws and Orangeburg; in the two laft, however, the law Tras not taken effect. The County Courts are empowered to fit four times

Before the establishment of county courts, the lawyers all refided at Charleston, under the immediate eye of government; and the Carolina bar was as pure and genteel as any in the United States. Since this establishment, lawyers have Hocked in from all quarters, and settled in different parts of the country, and law-suits have been multiplied beyond all former knowledge.

History:] The reformation in France occasioned a civil war between the Proiettant and Catholic parties in that kingdom. During these domesic troubles Jasper de Coligni, a principal commander of the Protestant army, fitted out two ships, and fent them with a colony to America, under the command of Jean Ribaud, for the purpose of securing a retreat from persecution. Ribaud landed at the mouth of what is now called Albemarle river, in North-Carolina. This colony, after enduring incredible hardships, was extirpated by the Spaniards. No further attempts were made to plant a colony in this quarter, till the reign of Charles II. of England. Mention is, hoivever, made of Sir Robert Heath's having ob


in a year.

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tained a grant of Carolina, from Charles I. in 1630; but no settlements were made in consequence of this grant.

In 1662, after the rel'ora:ion of Charles II. Edward, earl of Clarendon, and seven others, obtained a grant of all lands lying between the 31st and 36th degrees of north latitude.

A fecond charter, given two years after, enlarged their boundaries, and comprehended all that province, territory, &c. extending eastward as far as the north end of Cuirotuck inlet, upon a straight line weiterly to Wyonoke cre-k, which lies within, or about latitude 36° 30ʻ; and so west, in a direct line as far as the South fea; and south and westward as far as 29° norih latitude, inclusive, and so weit in direct lines to the South fea * Of this large territory, the king constituted these eight perfons absolute Lori's Proprietcis—investing them with all necessary powers to settle and govern the fame.

Nothing was successfully done towards the settlement of this country till 1669. At this time the proprietors, in virtue of their powers, engaged the famous Mr. Locke to frame, for thein, a constitution and body of laws. This conftitution, consitting of 120 articles, was aristocratical, and thcugh ingenious in theory, could never be successfully reduced to practice.


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* Various causes have rendered it expedient to divide this extensive territory. In 1728, North-Carolina was erected into a separate province. In 1732, George II. granted to certain trustees therein mentioned, and to their successors, a charter of all that part of Carolina lying between the most northern stream of Savannah river, along the jen-conf, to the most fouthern stream of Alatamaha river; westward, from the heads of these rivers, respectively in direct lines to the South jea, inclusively, with all ijlands within 20 leagues of the Jame.

In 1761, the governor of South Carolina, conceiving that the lands lying forth of Alatamaha river, belonged to South Carolina, granted several tratts of faid land. Upon complaint being made by the government of Georgia, of ike jupposed encroachment on their territory, bis majefty issued a proclamation in 1763, annexing to Georgia all the lands lying between the river Alatamaha and St. Mary's. The boundary line, dividing the turn provinces (now ftates) of South-Carolina and Georgia, has been long the subject of controversy ; the former claiming the lands lying between the North Carolina line, and a line 10 run dne west from the mouth of Tugulo and Keowee rivers ; consequcntly that that spot was the head of Savannah river; the latter contended that the source of Keowee river was to be considered as the head of Savannah river.

For the purpose of setiling this controversy, commissioners were appointed in April 1987, by the contending lates-vested with full powers to determine the controverted boundary, which they fixed as follows:

The most northern branch or stream of the river Savannah, from the fra or month of such stream, to the fork or confluence of the rivers now called Ingulo and Keowee, and from thence the most northern branch or pream of the faid river Tngulo till it interseits the northern boundary line of South Carolina, if the said branch of Tugula extends fo far north, rijerving all the islands in


Three classes of nobility were to be eftablished, (viz.) barons, caffiques and landgraves. The firit to poffefs twelve—the second twenty-fourthe third forty-eight thousand acres of land, which was to be unalienable.

In 1669, William Sayle, being appointed first governor of this country, embarked with a colony, and seuled on the neck of land where Ch

now ftand During the continuance of the proprietary government, a period of 50 years (reckoning froin 1669 to 1719) the colony was involved in

perpetual quarrels. Oftentimes they were harrassed by the Indians-sometimes inicited with piratis---frequently invaded by the French and Spanith fleets---conftantly uneasy under their injudicious governmeni-and quarrelling with their governors. But their most bitter diffentions, were respecting religion. The Epifcopalians, being more numerous than the Dulenters, attempted to exclutie the latter from a feat in the legislature. These attempts were so far succeeded, as that the church of England, by a majority of votes, was established by law. This illiberal act threw the colony into the utmost contution, and was followed by a train of evil consequences, which proved to be the principal cause of the revolution, Norwichitanding the act ettablishing the church of England was repealed, tranquility was not restored to the colony. A change of government was generally desired by the colonists. They found that they were not fufficiently protected by their propriecary constitution, and effected a revolution about the year 1719, and the government became regal.

In 1728, the proprietors accepted £.22,500 sterling from the crown, for the property and jurisdiction, except Lord Granville, who reserved his 8th of the property, which has never yet been formally given up. At this time the constitution was new modelled, and the territory, limited by the original charter, was divided into North and South Carolinas.

From this period the colony began to flourish. It was protected by a government, formed on the plan of the English constitution. Under the foitering care of the mother country, its growth was astonishingly rapid. Between the years 2763 and 1775, the number of inhabitants was more than doubled. No one indulged a wish for a change in their political constitution, till the memorable itamp act, pafled in 1765.

from tliis period till 1775, various attempts were made by Great-Britain to tax her colonies without her consent. These attempts were invariably opposed. The Congress, who met at Philadelphia this year, the faid rivers Savannah and Tugulo to Georgiabut if the faid branch or Atream of Tugulo does not extend to the north boundary line of South Carolina, then a wine line to the Milujippi to be drawn from the head spring or fource. of she jud branch of Tugulo river, which extends to the big helt northern Inititude, jisall fir ever bereafter form the jeparation limit and boundary between the firutis of South Carolina and Giorgia.'

It is fuppofid, in the map of this state, that the most northern branch of Tue gulo ricer, interficts the northern boundary of South Carolina, which, if it be jati, brings ihi linte to a point in latitude 35 °, and about 8° 35' weft longitude from Philadelphia,


unanimously approved the opposition, and on the 19th of April, war commenced.

During the vigorous contest for independence, this state was a great sufferer. For three years it was the seat of the war. It feels and laments the loss of many of its noble citizens. Since the peace, it has been emerging from that melancholy confusion and poverty, in which it was generally involved by the devastations of a relentless enemy. The inhaDitants are faft multiplying by emigrations from other states the agricultural interests of the fate are reviving-commerce is flourishingæconomy is becoming more fashionable—and science begins to spread her salutary influences among the citizens.And should the political difficulties, which have, for several years palt, unhappily divided the inhabitants, fubfide, as is hoped, upon the operation of the new government, this state, from her natural commercial and agricultural advantages, and the abilities of her leading characters, promises to become one of the richest in the union.

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Breadth 250 } Between

31° and 35° North Latitude.
5° and 16° West Longitude.

{ Boundaries.] BOLA PR Calt, by the Atlantic Ocean ; fouth, by


East and West Floridas; west, by the river Misisippi ; north and north-east, by South-Carolina, and by lands ceded to the United States by South-Carolina.

Civil divisions.] That part of the state which has been laid out in
counties, is divided as follows:

Principal Towns.

SAVANNAH, lat. 32° 5'.


Waynesburgh and Louisville,





St. Patrick's.




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