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Military Strength.] There are about 20,000 fighting men in this ftate. About 10 men are kept to guard Fort Johnson, on James Isand, at the entrance of Charleston harbour, by which no vessel can pass, unless the master or mate make oath that there is no malignant distemper on board. These 10 men are the only standing force of this state. The militia laws, enacting that every freeman between 16 and 50 years of age, shall be prepared for war, have been but indifferently obeyed fince the peace.
Public Revenue and Expences.] The public revenue of this state is, nominally, about 1.90,000 fterling. But a great part of this is either not collected, or paid in public securities, which are much depreciated. The expences of government are about £:16,000 sterling.
Mode of Levying Taxes.] There is a general impost of 3 per cent. and other impofts varying from 3 to 10 per cent. payable on the importation of merchandize from foreign countries. The great bulk of the revenue of the state, is raised by a tax on lands and negroes. The lands, for the porpose of being taxed according to their value, are divided into three grand divisions ; the first reaches from the sea coast to the extent of the flowing of the tides; the second from these points to the falls of the rivers; and thence to the utmost verge of the western settlement makes the third. These grand divisions, for the sake of more exactly ascertaining the value of the lands, are subdivided into 21 different species. The most valuable of which is estimated at fix pounds, and the least valuable at one thilling per aere. One per cent. on the value thus estimated, is levied from all granted lands in the state. The collection of taxes is not annexed to the office of sheriff, but is committed to particular gentlemen appointed for that purpose.
Estimate of Damages fustained in the late War.] The damages which this ftatë fustained in the late war are thus estimated. The two entire crops of 1780 and 1781, both of which were used by the British— The crop of 1782 taken by the Americans-About 25,000 negroes—Many thoufands of pounds worth of plate, and houshold furniture in abundance.—The villages of George-town and Camden burnt -The loss to the citizens directly by the plunderings and devastations of the British army-and indirectly by American impressments, and by the depreciation of the currency, together with the heavy debt of 4.1,200,000 sterling, incurred for the support of the war, in one aggregate view, make the price of independence to South Carolina, exclusive of the blood of its citizens, upwards of £-3,000,000 fterling
State of the Practice of Phyfic.) The practice of Physie throughout the ftate, is reputable, particularly in Charleston, which contains more regular bred physicians, in proportion to its numbers, than any city in the United States. It is to be lamented, however, that, in common with the other parts of America, extraordinary merit is unrewarded, and persons of real ikill rarely fare better, and sometimes worse, than those of moderate talents and contracted education.
Commerce.] The little attention that is paid to manufactures occasions a vast consumption of foreign imported articles; but the quantities and value of their exports generally leave a balance in favour of the state, except when there are large importations of negroes. The following lift of experts, which was copied from the custom-house books in Charlel. ton, will give an accurate and satisfactory idea of the variety and quantity of articles exported from the port of Charleston. General EXPORTS from Charlefton, South-Carolina, from November, 1786,
to November, 1787. Barrels rice,
61,754 Logs cedar, Half barrels ditto, 6,882 Plank,
514 Hogsheads tobacco,
8,800 Caiks indigo,
29,088 Hogsheads deer skins, 205 Firkins butter,
1,111 Bales ditto, 256 Barrels beef,
362 Racoon skins,
767 Barrels pork, Otter skins,
259 Hogshead Beaver skins,
119 Bale, ditto,
42 Box; ditto,
Cafks ground nuts,
51 Pounds, ditto, 875 Hogsheads Pink root,
4 Bag wool,
Casks snake ditto; Bags cotton, 33 Boxes ginseng ditto,
3 Pounds ditto, 131 Bales farsaparilla,
10 Bags feathers, 31 Casks ditto,
15 Pounds ditto, 600 Bundles ditto,
57 Barrels pitch, 1,904 Hides leather,
3,308 Barrels tar, 2,230 Sides ditto,
4,212 Barrels rosin, 739 Casks baeon hams,
13 Barrels turpentine, 3,707 Pounds ditto
3,455 Barrels spirits of curpentine, 32
Calks oranges, Feet lumber, 1,057,600 Bricks,
97,000 Feet shingles, 3,689,600 Reeds,
121,800 Feet staves, 1,023,700 Horns,
.6,900 AMERICAN produce imported into, and exported from, Charleston. Barrels flour, 8,783 Bushels ditto,
1,238 Barrels bread, 735 Barrels onions,
36 Kegs ditto, 835 Bunches ditto,
14,624 Barrels fish,
965 Bushels oats, Quintals ditto,
Barrels apples, Pounds ditto,
900 Barrels cyder, Barrels potatoes, FOREIGN produce imported into, and exporled from, Charleston.
Casks and barrels ditto,
121 and puncheons, and N. E.
31 Hogsheads ditto,
41 F f2
360 72 56
569 Pounds yellow fanders, 6,450 Cases ditto,
358 Pieces cane wood, Pipes brandy, 91 Pieces elephants teeth,
15 Calks ditto, 88 Tons iron,
224 Cafes gin, 1,561 Bars ditto,
229 Hogsheads and casks porter,
324 Tons coal, Bushels salt, 16,332 Tons Ruflia hemp,
7 Hogtheads molaffes, 560 Pounds ditto,
II,200 Hogsheads sugar, 32 Cables,
6 Cheits ditto, 375 Coils cordage,
8 Calks ditto, 2;6 Pounds ditto,
10,000 Hogsheads coffee, 3 Anchors,
6 Calks ditto,
182 Hogsheads goods of different Bags ditto,
kinds exported, Pounds ditto,
5,500 Caiks ditto, Hogtheads cocoa,
30 Bales ditto, Calks ditto,
94 Trunks ditto, Bags ditto, 106 Cafes and boxes ditto,
490 Bags pimento,
143 Crates ditto, Tons logwood, 2203 Bundles ditto,
51 Quintals ditto, 300 Jugs and jars ditto,
209 Pieces ditto, 598 Kegs ditto,
477 Tons fuítick,
411 Loote pieces duck and Osnaburg, 185 Pieces ditto, 2,078 Iron pots,
512 Tons lignum vitæ,
501 Grind and queen ftones, Pieces ditto, 300 Logs mahogany,
2,967 Pieces yellow fanders, 219 Feet ditto,
552 150 148
J'ESSELS cleared ont at the culom house, Charlefon, from November, 1786 to November, 1787, belonging to the following nations :
A M E RIC A.
9,824 ditto. 285 Sloops, ditto,
11,650 ditto. 312 Schooners, ditto,
ditto. 735 Vedels.
535 ditto. 35 Sloops, ditto,
2,160 ditro, 28 Schooners, ditto,
1,288 ditto. 148 Verrels,
947 Vessels, measuring
62,118 Tons. The amount of the above exports in sterling money, has been estimated at £ 505,279 19 5. In the most successful seasons there have been as many as 10,000 barrels of rice, and 1,300,000 pounds of indigo, exported in one year. The average price of rice, since the peace, has been from 12 to 14 shillings sterling the hundred; and of indigo, of the different forts, 3 shillings and nine pence. Since the peace of 1783, in confequence of the depopulation of labourers, the bad ftate of the fields, and from a succession of bad seasons, the planters have made yearly but little more than half a common crop.
The following abstract from a gentleman accurately informed on the fubject, contains much useful information, and demands a place under this head.
GENERAL ABSTRACT of the Debt of the State of SOUTH CAROLINA,
Supposed neat proceeds of
One' year's interest on the laft balances.
500,000 280,000 315,000 1003! 40,471 25,000
745,775 700,000 787,500 4434\178,911 18 37,288 15 1,376,224 10 390,000 438,750 2768111,688 16 68,811 4
1,624,613 141 280,000 315,000 532 21,466 41 81,230 14 4,246,613 51,650,000 1,856,250 8737|352,537 19|212,330 13
N. B. Vaft quantities of goods imported in the above years, were on account of foreigners, and sold at vendue and otherwise, greatly under their first coft in Europe, and many bad debts were contracted, both which ought to be deducted from the above balance of £;:1,626,761 16, which deducted, it is computed, will reduce the balance to about £.1,400,000.-It is computed that the goods now left in stores, will amount to at least [:-500,000; but as there was likewise a confiderable value at the evacuation, as well as debts contracted during the time the British held the city as a garrison, no deduction can, with propriety, be made on that account. Statement of the supposed future trade of the state (allowing an annual imporiatica
private debts of the State,