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A member of the House of Commons must have usually refided in the county in which he is elected, one year immediately preceding his election, and for six months thall have pci-d, and continue to poffefs, in the county which he reprefents, not less iban 100 acres om land in fce, or for the term of his own life.
A freeman os 21 years of age, wlio has been an inhabitant in the state twelve months immediately preceding the day of any election, and who liad poileled a freehold of fitty acres of land within the county for fix months next before, and at the day of election, is entitled to vote for a member of the senatc.
All freemen, of 21 years of age, who have been inhabitants of the state the year wext before the election, and have paid public taxes, may vote for members of the House of Commons.
The Senate and House of Commons, when convened, choose each their own speaker, and are judges of the qualifications and elections of their members. They jointly, by ballot at their first meeting after each annual election, choose a governor for one year, who is not eligible to that office longer than three years in fix fucceflive years; and who must poffeís a freehold of more than f.1000, and have been an inhabitant of the state above five years. They, in the fame manner and at the same time, elect seven persons to be a council of state for one year, to advise the governor in the execution of his office. They appoint a treasurer or treafurers for the Itate. They triennially choose a flate-fecretary. They jointly appoint judges of the supreme courts of law and equity-judges of admiralty, and the attorney-general, wlio are commiflioned by the governor, and hold their offices during good behaviour. They prepare bills—which must be read three times in each house, and be signed by the speaker of Lorh houses, before they pass into laws.
Judges of the supreme courimernbers of council-judges of admiralty
treasurers-- secretaries-attorney-generals for the state-clerks of record-clergymen--persons deuying the Being of a God--the truth of the proteftant religion, or the divine authority of the Old or New Testament -receivers of public monies, whose accounts are unfettled---military officers in actual service are all ineligible to a seat cither in the Senate or House of Comidons. Juftices of the peace, being recommended by the representatives, are commiilioned by the governor, and hold their offices during good behaviour. The conftitution allows of no religious eftablish. ment. The legislature are authorized to regulate entails so as to prevent perpetuities--a majority of both houses is neceflary to do business,
New Setilements, Roads, &c.] Davidson county, in this state, is one of the most weliсrn fettinents in the United States. This county was established by the name of Davidson, in honour of Brigadier general William Davidlon, v:ho fell opposing the army under Lord Cornwallis, across the Yadkin river, in the year 1781, and begins where the river Tennessee or Cherokee intersects the north boundary of the state; thence due east with the said boundary to the second intersection of the said boundary, by the Cumberland or Shawanee river, being 140 miles ; thence fouth 55 geographical miles; thence west to the Tennessee; thence down the mean. ders thereof to the beginning. The Tenneilee crosses the north boundary of the late 58 milis, and the south boundary thereof about 80 miles east
of the V.fippi.-In the year 1982, the legilature of North Carolina appointed commissioners to explore the weitern part of the ftate, by which is meant, as we! the lands at present incloded in Daridion county, as those betwen the loach boon iary of the date and the fouth boundary of this county, and intele between the rivers Withirpi and Tennetiee) and report to the succeediaz legiflature, which part was beft for the pavment of the bounty promised to the oticers and soldiers of the Continental Line of that ftate; and they accordingly did explore the before described tract of country, and reported to the legislature in the spring of the rear 1783.Although this county was not eitabliihed by law before the laft-mentioned period, yet a few families had settled in the year 1780, principally under the guidance and direction of James Robertson (at present colonel of that counts) on Cumberland river, and called the place Nashville, in honour of Brigadier-general Francis Xash, who fell at German-town in the year 1777 ; but he had but few followers until the rear 1783, after the peace had taken place, and after an act had pated directing the military or bounty warrants of the officers and soldiers to be located in this county. These circumftances induced many oficers and soldiers to repair immediately thither, to secure and settle their lands; and such as did not choose to go sold their warrants to citizens who did go. Many people from almoft every state in the Union became purchasers of these military warrants, and are fince become residents of this county; and many valuable and opulent families have removed to it from the Natches.-Colonel Robertfon, when he settled at Nashville, was upwards of 200 miles diftant (to the westward) from any other settlement in his own state, and was equally distant from the then settled parts of Kentucky. Hence it will readily be supposed that himself and party were in danger erery hour of being cut off by the Indians, against whom his principal security was, that he was nearly as distant from them as from the white people; and slender as this security may appear, his party never sustained any damage from the In. dians, but a hat was done by parties of hunters who happened to find out his settlements. The face of this country is in general level, and the soil very rich, equal to any other part of America, and produces in abundance every thing that can be expected from so temperate a climate and so rich a soil. It is common for the planter to gather from his fields, upon an average, 60 bushels of Indian corn per acre. This county is well watered by the rivers Tennessee and Cumberland, and their branches. Both of these rivers empty into the Ohio shortly after they pass the north boundary of the state." As the waters of the Cuinberland from Nashville, and of the
Tennessee from the Muscle Shoals to the Ohio, are equally deep as ihe waters of the Ohio and Misisippi, the people, of course, who live in this county, or the adjacent country, have the same advantages of water conveyance for trade, as those who live on the Ohio or Miltifappi, to NewOrleans, or elsewhere.
Besides, there is another probable avenue through which trade will be carried on with this county and the adjacent country, which is from Mobille, up the waters of the Mobille river as far as navigable, thence by a land carriage of about 50 miles (at most) to Ocochappo creek, which cmpiies into the Tennessee at the lower end of the Muscle Shoals. The
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The following are the distances on the new road from Nashville, in Davidson county, to Fort Campbell, near the junction of Holstein river with the Tennessee, miles.
miles. From Nashville to Stony river 9 From Grovet's creek .. Big Spring
The foot of Cumberland
Through the mountain
to Emmeries river, a
branch of the Pelison II Martin's Spring
To the Pappa Ford of
the Pelison or Clinch
To Campbell's station
near Holstein - 10 Coney river
To the Great Inand
To Abingdon in Wash-
35 War Path .
To Richmond in Virgi-
- 280 Camp creek King's Spring
16 By this new road, a pleasant passage may be had to the western country with carriages, as there will be only the Cumberland mountain to pafs'; and that is easy of ascent--and beyond it, the road is generally level and firm; abounding with fine springs of water.
History.] The history of North Carolina is less known than that of any of the other states. From the best accounts that history affords, the first permanent fettlement in North-Carolina was made about the year 1710. by a number of Palatines from Germany, who had been reduced toʻcira cumstances of great indigence, by a calamitous war. The proprietors of Carolina, knowing that the value of their lands depended on the itrength
of their settlements, determined to give every possible encouragement to such emigrants. Ships were accordingly provided for their transportation
-and initructions were given to governor Tynte to allow an hundred acres of land for every man, woman and child, free of quit rents for the first ten years; but at the expiration of that term, to pay orc penne per acre, annual rent for eier, according to the usages and customs of the province. Upon their arrival, Govern's Tinte granted them a tract of lad in North-Carolina, fince called Albenarie and Bath precincis, where they fettled, and flattered themselves with having found, in the hideous wilderness, a happy retreat from the desolations of a war wlich then faged in Europe.
In the year 1912, a dangerous conspiracy was formed hy the Coree and Tuscorora tribes of Indians, to murder and expel tis infant color). The foundation for this confpiracy is net kogun. Probably they were offended at the encroachments upon their hunting ground. They managed their conspiracy with great cunning and profound secrecy. They fure rounded their principal town with a breat work to fecure their iamilies. Here the warriors convened to the number of 1200. From this place of rendezvous they fint out small parties, by different roads, wlio eptered the fetticment under the mask of friendship. At the change of the full mcco, all of them had agreed to begin their nurderous operations the face night. When the night came, they entered the houses of the plapress, de. manding provisions, and pretending to be offended, fell to murdering men, women and children without mercy or distinction. One hundred and thirty-seven settiers, among ulion were a Swiss baron, and almost all the poor Palatines that had lately come into the country, were laughtered the firit night, Such was the fecrecy and dispatch of the Indians in this expe. dition, that none knew what had befallen his neighbour, until the barbarians had reached his own door. Somc few, however, escaped, and gave the alarm.--The militia aflembled in arms, and kept watch day and night, unul the news of the fad disaster had reached the province of South-Carolina, Governor Craien loit no time in sending a force to their relief. -The allembly voted 1.4000 for the service of the war. A body of 600 milicia, under the command of Colonel Barnwell, and 366 Indians of different tribes, with different commanders, marched with great expedi. tion through a hideous wilderness, to their allittance. In their first encounter with the Indians, they killed 300, and took ico prisoners. Aler this defear, the Tufcororas retreated to their fortified town—which was shortly after surrendered to colonel Barnwell. In this whole expedition it was computed that near a thousand Tuicororas were killed, wounded and taken. The remainder of the tribe foon after abandoned their country, and joined the Five Nations, with whom they have ever since remained. After this the infant colony remained in peace, and continued to flourish under the general government of South-Carolina, till about the year 1729, when seven of the proprietors, for a valuable confideration, selted their property and jurisdiction in the crown, and the colony was erected into a separate province, by the name of North Carolina, and its present limits