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upon Chesapeek Bay, about one hundred and forty miles long and one hundred and thirty broad. Soon after this, in consequence of the rigor of the laws of England against the Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore; with a number of his persecuted brethren, came over and settled it, and in honour of queen Henrietta Maria, they called it MARYLAND. The first grant of Connecticut was made by Robert, Earl of Warwick,

president of the council of Plymouth, to Lord Say and Seal, to 1631 Lord Brook and others, in the year 1631. In consequence of

several smaller grants made afterwards by the patentees to particu

lar persons, Mr. Fenwick made a settlement at the mouth of Con1635 necticut river, and called it Saybrook. Four years after a num

ber of people from Massachusetts Bay came and began settlements at Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor on Connecticut river. Thus commenced the English settlement of CONNECTICUT.

Rhode Illand was first settled in consequence of religious persecution. Mr. Roger Williams, who was among those who early came over to Massachusetts, not agreeing with some of his brethren in sentiment, was

very unjustifiably banished the colony, and went with twelve others, 2635 his adherents, and settled at Providence in 1635. From this be

ginning arose the colony, now state of RHODE-ISLAND. 1664.7 On the 20th of March, 1664, Charles the Second granted to the Duke of York, what is now called New-Jersey, then a part of a large tract of country by the name of New-Netherland. Some parts of New-Jersey were settled by the Dutch as early as about 1615.

1662.] In the year 1662, Charles the Second granted to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, and seven others, almost the whole territory of the three South

ern States, North and South Carolinas and Georgia. Two years 1664 after he granted a second charter, enlarging their boundaries. The

proprietors, by virtue of authority vested in them by their charter, engaged Mr. Locke to frame a system of laws for the government of

their intended colony. Notwithstanding these preparations, no 1669 effectual settlement was made until the year 1669, (though one was

attempted in 1667) when Governor Savle came over with a colo. ny, and fixed on a neck of land between Ashley and Cooper Rivers.

Thus commenced the settlement of CAROLINA, which then included the whole territory between the 29th and 36th degrees north latitude, together with the Bahama Inands, lying between latitude 22° and 27° north. 1681.] The Royal charter for Pennsylvania was granted to William

Penn on the 4th of March, 1681. The first colony came over the 1682 next year, and settled under the proprietor, William Penn, who

acted as Governor from October 1682 to August 1684. The first asembly in the province of Pennsylvania was held at Chester, on the 4th of December, 1682. Thus William Penn, a Quaker, justly celebrated as a great and good man, has the honour of laying the foundation of the present populous and very flourishing STATE of PENNSYLVANIA.

The proprietory government in Carolina, was attended with so many inconveniencies, and occasioned such violent diffentions among the settlers, that the Parliament of Great-Britain was induced to take the province under their immediate care. The proprietors (except Lord Granville)

accepted

accepted of 4.22,500 sterling, from the crown for the property and juris

diction. This agreement was ratified by act of Parliament in 1729 1729. A clause in this act reserved to Lord Granville his eighth

share of the property and arrears of quit-rents, which continued legally vested in his family 'till the revolution in 1776. Lord Granville's share made a part of the present state of North-Carolina. About the year 1729, the extensive territory belonging to the proprietors, was divided into North and South Carolinas. They remained separate royal governments until they became independent States.

For the relief of poor indigent people of Great-Britain and Ireland, and for the security of Carolina, a project was formed for planting a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamaha. Accordingly applica

tion being made to king George the Second, he issued letters patent, 1732 bearing date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into execution

the benevolent plan. In honour of the king, who greatly encour. aged the plan, they called the new province GEORGIA. Twenty-one truftees were appointed to conduct the affairs relating to the settlement of the province. The November following one hundred and fifteen persons, one of whom was General Oglethorpe, embarked for Georgia, where they arrived, and landed at Yamacraw. In exploring the country, they found an elevated pleasant spot of ground on the bank of a navigable river, upon which they marked out a town, and from the Indian name of the river which passed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the settlement of GEORGIA. 1754.) Kentucky was first discovered by James Macbride, and some

others who were in company with him, in the year 1754. Col. 799 Daniel Boon explored it in 1969.

1773.] Four years aiter Col. Boon and his family, with five other families who were joined by forty men from Powle's valley, began the settlement of KENTUCKY, which is now one of the most growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and will doubtless be erected into an independent state, as soon as the new government shall have been properly organized.

The tract of country called VERMONT, before the late war, was claim. ed both by New-York and New Hampshire. When hoftilities commenced between Great Britain and her Colonies, the inhabitants considering themselves as in a ftate of nature, and not within any legal jurisdiction, associated and formed for themselves a constitution of civil government. Under this constitution, they have ever since continued to exercise all the powers of an independent State. Although Vermont has not been ad. mitted into union with the other states, nor her jurisdiction acknowledged to be legal by the state of New-York, yet we may venture to

date her political existence as a separate government, from the 1777 year 1777, because, since that time, Vermont las, to all intents

and purposes, been a sovereign and independent State.. The exten'ive tract of country lying northwest of the Ohio River within the limits of the United States, was erected into a separate tempus e rary government by an Ordinance of Congress passed the 13th of

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five settlement of North America in their chronological order.-The fol lowing recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.

Names of places. When settled.

By whom. Quebeck,

1608 By the French. Virginia,

June 10, 1609 By Lord De la War.
Newfoundland, June, 1610 By Governor John Guy.
New-York, 1
New-Jersey, }

about 1614. By the Dutch. Plymouth,

boss By part of Mr. Robinson's congre

gation.

s By a small English colony near the New-Hampshire,

10231 mouth of Piscataqua river. Delaware, 2 Pennsylvania,

1627 By the Swedes and Fins. Massachusetts Bay, 1628 By Capt. John Endicot and company.

By Lord Baltimore, with a colony of Maryland,

1633{

l

?

Roman Catholics.

1 By Mr. Fenwick, at Saybrook, near Connecticut,

1635; the mouth of Connecticut river. Rhode-Illand,

s By Mr. Roger Williams and his per35 fecuted brethren.

Granted to the Duke of York by

Charles II, and made a distinct goo New-Jersey,

1664

vernment, and settled some time

before this by the English. South-Carolina,

1669 By Governor Sayle.

co By William Penn, with a colony of Pennsylvania,

1002 Quakers.

1 Erected into a separate government, North-Carolina,

17281 settled before by the English, Georgia,

1732 By General Oglethorpe. Kentucky,

1773 By Col. Daniel Boon.

By emigrants from Connecticut and Vermont,

1777 { other parts of New-England. Territory N. W. 2

1787 By the Ohio and other companies. of Ohio river,

The above dates are from the periods, when the first permanent ferilements were made.

North.AMERICA comprehends all that part of the western continent which lies north of the Ifthmus of Darien. This vast extent of country is divided between Spain, Great-Britain, and the Thirteen United States. Spain claims all the land west of the Miilissippi, and East and Weft Florida. According to the treaty of 1983, all the country north of the northern boundary of the United States, and cast of the river of St. Croix, belongs to Greai-Britain. The remaining part is the territory of the Thirtcent United and Independent States.

The

Names of States llength breadth.

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Philadel.1 chief towns.

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195

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139

224

1276

758

DIVISIONS OF NORTH AMERIC A. States llengih breadıb. lat.capil.lon. from

distance and bearing noinen and Colonies.

18

No. of in. census from Philadelphia.

belonging to 9

| habitants. (taken. New-Hamp Avire, 43,5 1 38,54 E.Portfmouth. 1428

N. E.)

102,000* 1787 Mafsachuletis,

42,25 3,39 E. Boston. 313

360,000* | 1787 Rhode-Island, 41,30 3,24 E.New-port. 285 E. N. E.

51,896 1783 Connecticut, 41,19 | 1,56 E. New-Haven. 1181

209,150 1782 New-York, 40,40 | 1,5 E.New-York.

238,897 | 1786 New.Jersey, 40,15 0,23 E. Trenton.

149,435 ) 1784 Pennsylvania, 39,56 Joo,00 Philadelphia. Too

360,000* 1787 Delaware, 39,10 0,25 W. Dover.

37,000* 1787 Maryland, 110 39,2 1,37 W. Annapolis.

253,630 | 1782 Virginia, 37,40 2,42 W.Richmond.

567,614 1782 North-Carolina, 110 36,04 1,52 W. Edenton. 1442

270,000* 1787 South Carolina, 200 32,35 | 5,00 W. Charleston, 1814

180,000* 1787 Georgia.

600 33,39 7,00 W. Augufta.

S. W.

98,000" 1787 Vermont, 42,42 1,44 E. Bennington. 1999

Separate 100,000* 1788
Western territory, 1.1000,
39,346,30 W. Adelphi. 492

W.} gov'is in the 6,000* 1788
Kentucky. Tincluded in .38,25 10,00 W. Lexington. 947 by water. W. J United States. | 100,000* 1788

Total 3,083,692
Province of Quebec, 750
46,55 | 4,56 E. Quebec. 1690

N. N. E. | Great-Britain.
Nova-Scotia,
250 44,56 14,29 E. Halifax.

N. E. do.
E. and W. Floridas 600
29,51 6,30 W.Auguftine. 1146

S. S. W. Spain. unknown.
Louilana,

indefinite.
29,57 114,40 W. New Orleans. |1646

S. W. do.

unknown. New Mexico, indefinite, 36,45 3,32 W. St. Fee. 2190

unknown, California, al 765 | 212 26,5 139 W. Sr. Juan. 3396 W. S. W.

unknown. Old Mexico. 1 2700 250 20,0 126 W. Mexico. 13021

S. W. ! do.

unknown. N. B. In the column containing the number of inhabitants, the pumbers marked (*) are as reckoned in the Convention at Philadelphia in 1787, excepting North-Carolina, Vermont, Western-Territory, and Kentucky; the others are taken from actual enumeration.

The distances of the several capitals from Philadelphia are reckoned as the roads run..

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miles. Length 1250 1 Retween $ 31° and 46° North Latitude.

50 Between 8° E. and 24° W. Long. from Philadelphia.

IN the treaty of peace, concluded in 1783, the limits of zaries.] I the United States are thus defined. '" And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the said C'nited States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz. From the northwest angle of Nova-Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the Highlands, along the said Highlands, which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut river; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude ; from thence by a line due west on said latitude, until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of the said river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of said Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake, until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron ; thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Illes Royal and Phillipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods to the said Lake of the Woods; thence through the said lake to the most northwestern point thereof, and from thence, on a due west course, to the River Missisippi ; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of said River Miffissippi, until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude, South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line last mentioned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equatos, to the middle of the River Apalachicola, or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence ftrait to the head of St. Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean' ; east, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its source; and from its source directly north, to the aforesaid Highlands, which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean, from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due eaft from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova-Scotia on the one part, and East-Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting fuch islands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia."

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