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upon Chesapeek Bay, about one hundred and forty miles long and one hundred and thirty broad. Soon after this, in consequence of the rigor of the laws of England against the Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore; with a number of his persecuted brethren, came over and settled it, and in honour of queen Henrietta Maria, they called it MARYLAND. The first grant of Connecticut was made by Robert, Earl of Warwick,
president of the council of Plymouth, to Lord Say and Seal, to 1631 Lord Brook and others, in the year 1631. In consequence of
feveral smaller grants made afterwards by the patentees to particular persons, Mr. Fenwick made a settlement at the mouth of Connecticut river, and called it Saybrooke Four years after a num
ber of people from Massachusetts Bay came and began settlements at Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor on Connecticut river. Thus commenced the English settlement of CONNECTICUT.
Rhode Island was first settled in consequence of religious persecution. Mr. Roger Williams, who was among those who early came over to Massachusetts, not agreeing with some of his brethren in sentiment, was
very unjustifiably banifhed the colony, and went with twelve others, 2635 his' adherents, and settled at Providence in 1635. From this be
ginning arose the colony, now state of RHODE-ISLAND. 1664.) On the 20th of March, 1664, Charles the Second granted to the Duke of York, what is now called New-JERSEY, then a part of a large tract of country by the name of New-Netherland. Some parts of New-jersey were settled by the Dutch as early as about 1615.
1662.] In the year 1662, Charles the Second granted to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, and seven others, almost the whole territory of the three South
ern States, North and South Carolinas and Georgia. Two years 1664 after he granted a second charter, enlarging their boundaries. The
proprietors, by virtue of authority velted in them by their charter, engaged Mr. Locke to frame a system of laws for the government of
their intended colony. Notwithitanding these preparations, no 1669 effectual settlement was made until the year 1669, (though one was
attempted in 1667) when Governor Sayle came over with a colony, and fixed on a neck of land between Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Thus commenced the settlement of CAROLINA, which then included the whole territory between the 29th and 36th į degrees north latitude, together with the Bahama Inands, lying between latitude 22° and 27° north. 1681.] The Royal charter for Pennsylvania was granted to William
Penn on the 4th of March, 1681. The first colony came over the 1682 next year, and settled under the proprietor, William Penn, who
acted as Governor from October 1682 to August 1684. The first asembly in the province of Pennsylvania was held at Cheiter, on the 4th of December, 1682. Thus William Penn, a Quaker, justly celebrated as a great and good man, has the honour of laying the foundation of the present populous and very flourishing State of PENNSYLVANIA.
The proprietory government in Carolina, was attended with so many inconveniencies, and occasioned such violent dillentions among the settlers, that the Parliament of Great-Britain was induced take the province under their immediate care. The proprietors (except Lord Granville)
accepted of £.22,500 sterling, from the crown for the property and juris
diction. This agreement was ratified by act of Parliament in 1729 1729. A clause in this act reserved to Lord Granville his eighth
Mare of the property and arrears of quit-rents, which continued legally vested in his family 'till the revolution in 1776. Lord Granville's share made a part of the present state of North-Carolina. About the year 1729, the extensive territory belonging to the proprietors, was divided into North and South Carolinas. They remained separate royal governments until they became independent States.
For the relief of poor indigent people of Great-Britain and Ireland, and for the security of Carolina, a project was formed for planting a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamaha. Accordingly applica
tion being made to king George the Second, he issued letters patent, 1732 bearing date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into execution
the benevolent plan. In honour of the king, who greatly encouraged the plan, they called the new province GEORGIA. Twenty-one trustees were appointed to conduct the affairs relating to the settlement of the province. The November following one hundred and fifteen persons, one of whom was General Oglethorpe, embarked for Georgia, where they arrived, and landed at Yamacraw. In exploring the country, they found an elevated pleasant spot of ground on the bank of a navigable river, upon which they marked out a town, and from the Indian name of the river which passed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the settlement of GEORGIA. 1754.] Kentucky was first discovered by James Macbride, and some
others who were in company with him, in the year 1754. Col. 1769
Daniel Boon explored it in 1769. 1773.] Four years after Col. Boon and his family, with five other families who were joined by forty men from Powle's valley, began the settlement of KENTUCKY, which is now one of the most growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and will doubtless be erected into an independent state, as soon as the new government shall have been properly organized.
The tract of country called VERMONT, before the late war, was claimed both by New-York and New Hampshire. When hoftilities commenced between Great-Eritain and her Colonies, the inhabitants considering themselves as in a state of nature, and not within any legal jurisdiction, associated and formed for themselves a constitution of civil government. Under this conftitution, they have ever since continued to exercise all the powers of an independent State. Although Vermont has not been admitted into union with the other states, nor her jurisdiction acknowledged to be legal by the state of New-York, yet we may venture to
date her political existence as a separate government, from the 1777 year 1777, because, since that time, Vermont has, to all intents
and purposes, been a sovereign and independent State. The exten'ive tract of country lying northwest of the Ohio River within the limits of the United States, was erected into a separate tempor
rary government by an Ordinance of Congress palled the 13th of Thus I have given a summary view of the first discoveries and progref
1787 July, 1787
five settlement of North America in their chronological order. The following recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.
l the mouth of Connecticut river. Rhode Island,
By Mr. Roger Williams and his per
fecuted brethren. Granted to the Duke of York by
Charles II. and made a distinct goNew Jersey,
vernment, and settled some time
before this by the English. South-Carolina,
1669 By Governor Sayle. Pennsylvania,
s By William Penn, with a colony of 1682
Erected into a separate government,
settled before by the English. Georgia,
1732 By General Oglethorpe. Kentucky,
1773 By Col. Daniel Boon.
By emigrants from Connecticut and Vermont,
parts of New England. Territory N. W. 2 of Ohio river,
1787 By the Ohio and other companies. The above dates are from the periods, when the first permanent feitlements were made.
North.AMERICA comprehends all that part of the western continent which lies north of the Ifthmus of Darien. This vast extent of country is divided between Spain, Great-Britain, and the Thirteen United States. Spain claims all the land west of the Misfilippi, and East and Weft Florida. According to the treaty of 1783, all the country north of the northern boundary of the United States, and east of the river of St. Croix, belongs to Great-Britain. The remaining part is the territory of the Thirteen United and Independent States.
from Philadelphia. belonging to
Thirteen United States, lying
along the sea coast from north,
DIVISIONS OF NORTH AMERICA Names of States
lat. captl.jlon. from length breadth.
No. of incensus
chief towns. and Colonies.
habitants. taken. New-Hampfire,
60 43.5 38,54 E. Porismouth.
102,000* 1787 Mafsachusetts,
450 164 42,25 3,39 E. Boston.
343 N. E.
360,000* 1787 Rhode Island, 68 40 41,30 3,24 E. New-port. 280
E. N. E.
51,896 | 1783 Connecticut,
81 57 41,19 1,56 E. New-Haven. 1181
209,150 1782 New-York, 350 300 40,40 1,5 E. New-York.
E. N. E.
238,897 | 1786 New Jersey,
40,15 0,23 E. Trenton. 30
149,435 1784 Pennsylvania,
288 39,56 100,00 Philadelphia. 00
360,000*\ 1787 Delaware,
16 39,10 100,25 W. Dover.
S. S. W.
37,000* 1787 Maryland,
134 110 39,2 1,37 W. Annapolis. 132
253,630 1782 Virginia,
224 37,40 2,42 W. Richmond.
270,000* 1787 South-Carolina,
200 32,35 5,00 W. Charleston.
S. S. W.
98,000* 1787 a Vermont,
60 42,42 1,44 E. Bennington. 1299
N. E. Separate
100,000* Weltern territory, 1000
450 39,34 6,30 W. Adelphi. 492
W. gov'is in the
46.55 4,56 E. Quebec.
1690 N. N. E. Great-Britain. Nova-Scotia,
300 250 44,56 14,29 E. Halifax.
N. E. E. and W. Floridas 600 130 29,51 6,30 W. Augustine. 1146
S. S. W. Spain.
indefinite. 29,57 114,40 W. New Orleans. 1646
S. W. do.
3,32 W.St. Fee.
2190 W. do.
139 W. Sc. Juan.
unknown. N. B. In the column containing the number of inhabitants, the numbers marked (*) are as reckoned in the Convention at Philadelphia in 1787, excepting North-Carolina, Vermont, Western-Territory, and Kentucky; the others are taken from actual enumeration.
The distances of the several capitals from Philadelphia are reckoned as the roads run.,
The UNITED STATES.
SITUATION and EXTENT. miles. Beton 12.50 } Between <3!" and 460 North Latitude.
go E. and 24° W. Long. from Philadelphia, Bcundaries.] I Shehe treaty of peace, concluded in 1783, the limits of
" And that all disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the boundaries of the faid United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their boundaries, viz. From the northwest angle of Nova-Scotia, viz. That angle which is formed by a line drawn due north from the source of St. Croix River to the Highlands, along the said Highlands, which divide those rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the north-westernmost head of Connecticut river ; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude ; from thence by a line due west on said latitude, until it strikes the river Iroquois or Cataraquy; thence along the middle of the faid river into Lake Ontario, through the middle of faid Lake, until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and Lake Erie; thence along the middle of said communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said lake, until it arrives at the water communication between that lake and Lake Huron ; thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior northward of the Ines Royal and Phillipeaux to the Long Lake; thence through the middle of said Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods to the faid Lake of the Woods ; thence through the said lake to the most northwestern point thereof, and from thence, on a due west course, to the River Missisippi ; thence by a line to be drawn along the middle of said River Misisippi, until it shall intersect the northernmost part of the thirty-first degree of north latitude. South, by a line to be drawn due east from the determination of the line laft mentioned, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees north of the equator, to the middle of the River Apalachicola, or Catahouche; thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; thence strait to the head of St. Mary's River; and thence down along the middle of St. Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean ; eaft, by a line to be drawn along the middle of the River St. Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fundy, to its fource; and from its source directly north, to the aforesaid Highlands, which divide the rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean, from those which fall into the River St. Lawrence, comprehending all islands within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of ihe United States, and lying between lines to be drawn due eaft from the points where the aforesaid boundaries between Nova-Scotia on the one part, and East-Florida on the other, shall respectively touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting fuch islands as now are, or heretofore have been, within the limits of the said province of Nova Scotia."