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GOVERNORS of New-JERSEY, from the surrender of the Government by the
PROPRIETORS in 1702, to the present time. + Edward, viscount Cornbury, 1702 to 1708, removed, and succeeded by + John, Lord Lovelace, 1908 to 1709, died, and the government
devolved to Lt. Gov. Richard Ingoldsby, 1709 to 1710, when came in + Brigadier Robert Hunter, 1910 to 1920, who resigned in favour of + William Burnet,
1720 to 1727, removed, and succeeded by + John Montgomery, 1728 to 1731, died, and was succeeded by + William Crosby,
1731 to 1736, died, and the governinent
devolved to • John Anderson, President of the Council, 1736, by whose death, about two
weeks after, the government devolved to John Hamilton, President of the Council, 1736 to 1738.
Those marked + were Governors in chief, and down to this time were Governors of New York and New Jersey, but from 1738
forward, New- Jersey has had a separate governor. + Lewis Morris,
1738 to 1746, died, and the government
devolved to John Hamilton, President, 1746, — by whose deach it devolved to
John Reading, President, 1746 to 1747. t Jonathan Belcher,
1747 to 1757, died, and the governinent
again devolved to John Reading, President, 1757 to 1758.
Thomas Pownall, then Governor of Massachusetts, being Lieutenant-Governor, arrived on the death of Governor Belcher, but continued in the province a few days only.
D OUNDED ealt, bv Delaware river ; north, by the Boundaries.] D varallel of 42° north latitude, which divides it from the state of New-York; south, by the parallel of 39° 43' 18" norih latitude, which divides it from the states of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia weit, by a meridian line, drawn from the termination of fire degrees of longitude, froin a point on Delaware river, near Wilmington, in che parallel of 39° 43' 18" to interfect the parallel of 42°. This line divides the ftate from a part of Virginia, the Western Territory, (lo called) and from a tract of land, 20 miles square, which was confirmed to Connecticut by Congress. The northweit corner of Pennsylvania extends about one mile and an half into Lake Erie, and is about twenty miles weit of the old French fort at Presque Ille. The state lies in the form of a parallelogram, and contains about 44,900 square miles, equal to about 28,800,000 acres.
Mwies and Minerals. 1 The following table exhibits the number, fituation, and various kinds of mines and minerals in this state. On the west side of the mountains, vitriolic, aluminous, and other mineral earths are found in great abundance. Deds of coal, lying pretty deep, in z horizontal direction, are almost universal in this western country ; but metallic ores of all kinds, especially that of iron, appear to be wanting i while they are found in great plenty eastward of the mountains. A very probable reason has been alligned why it should be so. It is this ; The country eastward of the mountains, as hereafter mentioned, has evidently been corn to pieces by some violent convulsion, while that on the other side has remained undisturbed. During this convulsion, the iron ore was probably thrown up fron] very great depths, where, by its gravity, it was accumulated, and coal, which lay nearer the surface, was, by the fame convulsion, buried immensely deep.
Civil divisions.] Pennsylvania is divided into twenty counties, which, with their county towns, situation, &c. are mentioned in the following
* A very large proportion of the vacant lands in the state are in this comity, (Northumberland) to the amount of abnut eight milions of acrci.