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from exercising their office in the province, on pain of perpetual imprisonment. If any one should escape from prison, and be afterwards taken, he was to be put to death. This law, however vindicable in a political view, is certainly to be condemned on the principle of religion, as it favoured as highly of persecution as any law ever passed in New-Eng. land. The truth is, the legillators in both instances intended to prevent political evils, but their laws for this end were highly exceptionable. The offenders againft the public peace ought to have been treated in a civil, not in a religious capacity.' Civil and ecclesiastical power are intirely distinct, and never ought to be blended. The religious persecue, tions, which have proved the destruction of thousands of pious people, may, in a great measure, be ascribed to the undue interference of civil with ecclefiaftical authority.
This law against the Roman Catholics remained unrepealed (though it was never enforced) until the revolution
In 1709, a vigorous expedition was meditated against Canada, in making preparation for which, this province expended above £.20,000; but the expected assistance from Britain failing, it was never prosecuted. Soon after, Col. Schuyler, who had been very influential with the In, dians, went to England with five sachems, who were introduced into the presence of Queen Anne. The object of this visit was to stimulate the ministry to the reduction of Canada.
In 1711, a considerable feet was sent over for that purpose, but eight transports being catt away on the coast, the rest of the fleet and troops returned without making any attempt to reduce Canada.
In 1710, Governor Hunter brought over with him about 3000 Palatines, who, the year before, had fled to England from the rage of persecution in Germany. Many of these people settled in the city of New, York; others settled on a tract of several thousand acres in the manor of Livingston; and some went to Pennsylvania, and were instrumental in inducing thousands of thcir countrymen to emigrate to that province,
The prohibition of the sale of Indian goods to the French, in 1720, excited ihe claniour of the merchants at New-York, whose intereft was aitiated by it. The measure was undoubtedly a politic one ; and the reafons for it were these: The French by this trade were supplied with articles which were wanted by the Indians. This prevented the Indians from coming to Albany, and drew them to Montreal; and they being employed by the French, as carriers, became attached to them from interest. About the same time, a trading-house was erected by the English at Oswego, on Lake Ontario; and another by the French at Niagara.
In 1729, the act prohibiting the trade between Albany and Montreal was imprudently repealed by the king. This naturally tended to undermine the trade at Oswego, and to advance the French commerce of Niagara; and at the same time to alienate the affections of the Indians from Britain. Not long after this, the French were suffered to erect a fortress at Lake Champlain. To prevent the ill consequences of this, a scheme was projected to settle the lands ncar Lake George with loyal protestant Highlanders from Scotland. A tract of thirty thousand acres was accordingly promised to Captain Campbell, who, at his own expence, transported